lesson 76

English Course Online 76

Today’s Focus:

  • Vocabulary related to
  • Grammar point: The Passive Voice.


1/ Sentence Practice

Peter arrives at the University with the intention of attending the inaugural lecture. The inaugural lecture was given two hours earlier. Peter did not know who had given the lecture or what it had been about.

Having been informed by email almost everybody at the university attended, with the exception of Peter of course.

Emails were designed to communicate information but not of an urgent nature. Peter is rather old school in that respect and only consults his emails at night.

He thought that SMS was developed for transmitting urgent information, a sort of latter-day telegram. Peter was surprised by the number of students starting at the university the same day.

All students are required to consult their emails three times a day.

Communication by email is expected to be the norm in academic circles before long.

He should have known better.

There are reported to have been 250 billion emails sent each and every day in 2009.

It is thought that this figure has doubled since.

Peter was given this information by Sara and she is known for her accuracy in such matters.

You could say that the information was given to Peter by Sara for a reason but Peter had not realised the relevance.

So as he has a couple of hours to kill, he decides to attend an open lecture that is just about to start in the main hall.

It is all about European economies and as Peter is going to study Spanish, he finds that some aspects of the lecture are quite interesting.

Tourism is considered to be Spain’s largest industry.

Without tourism, it is estimated that the GDP of Spain would fall noticeably.

The lecture continues but Peter starts to daydream and think about his present situation.

Peter is ready to dive into his studies, as it has been a long-standing ambition of his to go on to further education.

He wanted to kick off with the inaugural lecture, but it was not to be. He was now ready and unless something crops up,

there shouldn’t be more hiccups. Instead of whiling away his time, he could now knuckle down to some serious study.

He was going to make up for lost time and press on with the task at hand.  It does not know what is lying ahead but he had

ended up at university because he had wanted to.

He had decided to work really hard during the week until Friday when he can knock off studying early and wind down over the


He had learned how to pace himself and avoid getting snowed under with work.

All these skills would be potentially useful to him.

2/ Vocabulary Practice

  • abrupt
  • anachronism
  • annual
  • antique
  • century
  • chronological
  • contemporary
  • decade
  • duration
  • elapse
  • era
  • eternal
  • to expire
  • frequency
  • instantaneous
  • interim
  • interval
  • lapse
  • lifetime
  • long-standing
  • millennium
  • obsolete
  • overdue
  • period
  • permanent
  • phase
  • postpone
  • prior
  • prompt
  • provisional
  • punctual
  • seasonal
  • simultaneously
  • span
  • spell
  • stint
  • subsequent
  • temporary
  • timely
  • to crop up
  • to dive in
  • to kick off
  • while away
  • to tread water
  • to end up
  • to knock off
  • to knuckle down
  • to lay off
  • to lie ahead
  • to make up
  • to press ahead with
  • to set out
  • to snow under
  • to take on
  • to tide over
  • to wind down
  • lie detector
  • spin-off
  • power cut
  • The inaugural lecture was given
  • to dive into
  • Having been informed by email
  • Emails were designed
  • SMS was developed for
  • All students are required to
  • Communication by email is expected to be
  • There are reported to have been
  • He wanted to kick off
  • unless something crops up
  • whiling away his time
  • to pace himself
  • All these skills
  • be potentially useful

3/ Grammar Practice

4/ Practice Quiz

Complete the quizzes below.

  1. Today’s comprehension interactive video: 
  2. Today’s sentences drag and drop: 
  3. Today’s grammar fill in the right words: 





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