Lesson 72 – The National Health Service – Conditional Clauses (I)

Curso de Inglés Gratuito B2

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LEVEL B2 – THE NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE


THERE IS AN OPTION FOR YOU TO TRANSLATE ALL THE TEXT

IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).


VOCABULARY

 

  • No matter how careful we are
  • We strive to
  • Domestic environment
  • As safe as possible
  • It can still happen
  • By taking precautions
  • The incidents of major accidents
  • Increasing awareness
  • First aid
  • Health and well being
  • The occasional accident
  • In retrospect
  • To prevent it from happening again
  • The hallway
  • Oven gloves
  • I burnt my hand
  • I sprained my ankle
  • Family member
  • It is the home to…
  • Health care system
  • Prescription charges
  • Rehabilitation
  • Prevention and cure of disease
  • The report offered
  • It should not be limited by
  • Learning from experience
  • A time for revolutions
  • Social progress
  • Reconstruction
  • It must be achieved by…
  • Establishing
  • Encouragement
  • To provide more
  • For himself and his family
  • To be funded through
  • Their victory
  • To implement
  • Social policies
  • Amongst others
  • With the introduction of
  • Based on legislation

LESSON 72 DIALOGUE 

– The National Health Service –

 

Learn English – Lesson 72 – The National Health Service

No matter how careful we are, no matter how much we strive to make our domestic environment as safe as possible, accidents at home can still happen. By taking precautions we can certainly decrease the incidents of major accidents within the household and increasing awareness and knowledge of aspects such as first aid in the home can help us deal effectively with the health and well-being of our families. For all the precautions taken, the occasional accident can occur. It is in retrospect that we see what can be done to prevent it from happening again.

“If we had bought some table cloth clips, he wouldn’t have pulled at it”
“If he hadn’t left his shoes in the middle of the hallway, he wouldn’t have tripped on them”
“If I had worn oven gloves, I wouldn’t have burnt my hand”
“I wouldn’t have sprained my ankle if I had checked the ladder before using it”

Despite all our efforts there may be occasions where your child or family member will need to see a GP or even visit Accident & Emergency. Fortunately, the UK is the home to the National Health Service (NHS), a free health care system (though some prescription charges may be applied) that was founded nearly 70 years ago.
A Labour/socialist government elected in 1945 implemented recommendations made in the Beveridge Report, a 1942 report on Social Insurance and Allied Services, chaired by Economist William Beveridge. “Comprehensive health and rehabilitation services for prevention and cure of disease” was the key element to the structure. Beveridge perceived “Five Giant Evils” in society, Squalor, Ignorance, Want, Idleness, and Disease and the report offered three guiding principles:

Proposals for the future should not be limited by “sectional interests” in learning from experience and that a “revolutionary moment in the world’s history is a time for revolutions, not for patching”.
Social insurance is only one part of a “comprehensive policy of social progress”. The five giants on the road to reconstruction were Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness.

Policies of social security “must be achieved by co-operation between the State and the individual”, with the state securing the service and contributions. The state “should not stifle incentive, opportunity, responsibility; in establishing a national minimum, it should leave room and encouragement for voluntary action by each individual to provide more than that minimum for himself and his family”.

The services were initially to be funded through general taxation and National Insurance and the proposal was for a flat rate contribution rate and a flat rate benefit for everyone.

The Labour Government, after their victory in 1945, proceeded to implement many social policies, including the Family Allowances Act 1945, National Insurance Act 1946, National Health Service Act 1946, and Pensions (Increase) Act 1947, amongst others. This became known as the welfare state and was sealed with the introduction of NHS in its entirety founded in 1948, based on legislation passed in 1946, 1947 and 1948, and the National Insurance Act 1949.

COMPREHENSION QUIZZES (3 to complete)

Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 

GRAMMAR PRACTICE – CONDITIONAL CLAUSES (I)

These are the three conditional clauses:

Conditional ClausesFormExamples

1st Conditional

Likely

If + Simple Present, Future Simple

or

Future simple, If + simple present.

If I win the lottery I will buy a car.I will buy a car if I win the lottery.

2nd Conditional

Unlikely

If + Simple Past, Simple Conditional

or

Simple Conditional, If + Simple Past

If I won the lottery, I would buy a car.I would buy a car if I won the lottery.

3rd Conditional

Impossible

If + Past Perfect, Past Conditional

or

Past Conditional, If + Past Perfect

If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a car.

I would have bought a car if I had won the lottery.

The past perfect part of the 3rd Conditional can also be reworded. We remove the word “If” and change the order of the subject and the auxiliary verb.

If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a car

 

becomes

 

Had I won the lottery, I would have bought a car

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE 

  • Related Pronunciation Video Lesson and interactive exercise(s):

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