Lesson 51 – A New Contract – Conditional

Curso de Inglés Gratuito B1

Oferta

LEVEL B1 – A NEW CONTRACT


THERE IS AN OPTION FOR YOU TO TRANSLATE ALL THE TEXT

IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).


VOCABULARY

  • He asked about your job search
  • How is everything going?
  • Things are starting to pick up
  • If I get this new contract
  • I will be able to relax
  • They are building a new shopping mall
  • I can begin negotiations
  • A very good chance
  • I haven’t seen the…
  • My competition
  • I know who they are
  • They tend to go for…
  • Most people don’t want that
  • Windows
  • A good mix of…
  • Good luck
  • If it was up to me
  • I would hire you
  • You’re one of the best
  • Things are tough out there
  • For every one job there are a hundred people
  • Things will start happening for you
  • To see your handy work
  • A monument to consumerism
  • It is really good to hear that
  • I do hope that you are right
  • Get my foot in the door
  • Turn things around
  • How do you think the football is going to turn out?
  • Not a good position to be in.
  • Back on form
  • A fighting chance
  • Much better than no chance
  • Keep them away
  • Apply pressure
  • Fingers crossed

LESSON 51 DIALOGUE

-A new contract-

A

 

Lesson 51: A New Contract

Darren: Kieran told me to say hi, Carl. He asked about your job search. How is everything going?

Carl: Things are starting to pick up. If I get this new contract, I will be able to relax a little!

Darren: Oh really! That’s great! What’s the new contract?

Carl: They are building a new shopping mall in town. If they like my designs, I can begin negotiations for my fee. I think that I have a very good chance of getting it. I haven’t seen the design of my competition but I know who they are. They tend to go for older, expressionist styles. Most people don’t want that these days, they want white and lots of windows and a good mix of straight lines and curves. If that is what these people want, they will love my design…

Darren: Good luck to you my friend! If it was up to me, I would hire you on the spot. You’re one of the best designers I know! Things are tough out there. For every one job there are a hundred people. I just know that if you get this contract, things will start happening for you. And a shopping mall as well! What better way of getting millions of people to see your handy work than with a monument to consumerism?

Carl: Thank you mate! It is really good to hear that. I do hope that you are right! If I could just get my foot in the door, it would really turn things around for me…

Darren: Talking about turning things around, how do you think the football is going to turn out?

Carl: We are 3-1 down on aggregate, which is obviously not a good position to be in… Wayne Looney, our best striker, is back on form so we have a fighting chance.

Darren: Much better than no chance!

Carl: If we can keep them away from our goal, we could really apply pressure in the second half.

Darren: Fingers crossed all round then.

Facts: Antoni Gaudí i Cornet was a Spanish Catalan architect from Reus. Between 1984 and 2005, seven of his works were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO including his magnum opus, the Sagrada Família.

 

COMPREHENSION QUIZZES (3 TO COMPLETE)

Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

Drag and Drop Quiz 3

 

 

GRAMMAR PRACTICE: CONDITIONAL

Conditional phrases are also known as conditional sentences or If Clauses because they are introduced by if. They are also used to express that the action in the main sentence (without if) can occur if a certain condition is fulfilled (which appears in the sentence introduced by if).

That is, in sentences after “if”, we usually talk about uncertain events and situations: things that may or may not happen, things that may or may not be true, etc.

Examples:

Ask Steven if he’s coming to the park. (Steven may or may not be coming to the park.)

If I am going to be late, I’ll call you. (I may or may not be late.)

A sentence headed by if can appear at the beginning or end of a sentence. When a phrase headed by if comes out at the beginning, it is often separated by a comma.

Examples:

If you eat too much, you get fat.

You get fat if you eat too 

Conditional sentences, if clauses type 0


Form: If + Simple Present

It is something that must happen in order for something else to happen.

The verbs of the if clause and the main clause are both in simple present. The order of the clause with if and the main clause does not matter, the meaning is the same.

Examples:

If she pays a pound, she receives a lottery ticket.

She receives a lottery ticket if she pays a pound.

Conditional sentence, if clauses type I


Form: if + simple present, future with will

It is possible and also very likely that the conditiorn is met. It is also known as real conditional.

The verb in the if clause is a simple present, and the verb in the main clause is will + base of the verb. The verb of the if clause will end in -s if the subject is the third person singular.

Examples:

If she wins the lottery, she will buy a car.

She will buy a car if she wins the lottery.

Conditional sentence, if clauses type II


Form: if + simple past, conditional I (would + infinitive)

It is possible but very unlikely that the condition is met. This is also known as unreal conditional.

This is a case where it is correct to use a past tense for a future situation. The verb to be is always were with this conditional, even in the first and third person singular.

Examples:

If I were rich, I would buy a car.

I would buy a car if i were rich.

Conditional sentence, if clauses type III


Form: If+ Perfect Past, Conditional II (Would + have+ participle)

It is impossible for the condition to be fulfilled because it refers to the past.

Use this conditional to show a past regret or a different outcome that would have occurred if a specific circumstance had occurred. This conditional is not very common. We do not usually speculate about what would have happened in the past, because we already know what really happened.

Examples:

If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a car.

I would have bought a car if i had won the lottery.

Summarizing:

  1. Present: If + Present, Present
  2. Future (Likely / Possible / Real): If + Present, Will + Verb
  3. Future (Unlikely / Impossible / Unreal): If + Past, Would + Verb
  4. Past: If + Had + Past Perfect, Would + Have + Past Perfect

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE

  • Related Pronunciation Video Lesson and interactive exercise(s):

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