Lesson 40 – Soup Kitchen – Negative forms

Curso de Inglés Gratuito A2





IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).



  • Laura and Sophie have had plans
  • To have plans
  • To volunteer
  • At a soup kitchen
  • Before they fell out
  • Their recent argument
  • They cannot cancel
  • To help out the less fortunate
  • Those in need
  • Cordial “hello”
  • The supervisor
  • The people that come here
  • They have nowhere to sleep
  • No money for food
  • Food on a daily basis
  • We can also give them blankets
  • They will not freeze
  • A roof above their head
  • To live on the street
  • To minimize the amount of
  • Homeless people
  • To bring up that issue
  • NGO’s
  • The demise of homelessness
  • It is decreasing
  • To decrease
  • Slowly but surely
  • No phones allowed
  • A relaxing and soothing environment
  • The volunteers benefit from
  • Personal meetings
  • At the food station
  • To feel guilty
  • I want nothing more
  • That’s what really matters
  • I’m so sorry about my behaviour!


-The Soup Kitchen-

Lesson 40 – The Soup Kitchen

Laura and Sophie have had plans to help out and volunteer at a soup kitchen long before they had their recent argument and fell out with each other. They cannot cancel the event even though they have not spoken since Michael’s birthday party. Both Laura and Sophie feel that it is important to help out the less fortunate and those in need. They arrive separately and exchange a cordial Hello and nothing more. The supervisor of the soup kitchen begins to explain how everything works.

Supervisor: Good morning, girls! The people that come here have nothing and nobody to help them. They have nowhere to sleep during the night and they have no money for food or other essentials. Here at the soup kitchen we offer them food on a daily basis, and we can also give them blankets if they come at night so they will not freeze during cold nights. None of the people here have a roof over their head, they all live on the street. Do you have any questions?

Laura: This is not really a question regarding the soup kitchen. But is nobody trying to do anything to minimise the amount of homeless people in the city?

Supervisor: Good question! No politicians want to bring up that issue because they fear nobody will vote for them then. There are many NGOs (Non-Governmental Organisations) similar to ours that work for the demise of homelessness in the city and it is decreasing, slowly but surely…

Sophie: And what about that sign that says NO PHONES ALLOWED? Why are phones not allowed here?

Supervisor: The truth is that I don’t want anybody taking photos here. It is supposed to be a relaxing and soothing environment with no phones, and no distractions. Both the homeless and the volunteers benefit from this as we believe in personal meetings rather than constantly being on our phones.

Laura: I think that’s a good strategy. Nobody needs their phone all the time!

Supervisor: Good! You girls will start working at the food station and help give out portions of food to the homeless, is that ok?

Laura & Sophie: Sure!

The girls begin to feel guilty that they argued about superficial things when there are so many people starving in the world.

Laura: Hey, Sophie, I’m really sorry about our argument. I want nothing more than to be your friend again. That’s what really matters!

Sophie: Aw, Laura! I’m so sorry about my behaviour at the party. I also just want to be your friend, nobody is a better friend than you! I’ve missed you…

Facts: Habitat for Humanity is an international, nonprofit, Christian housing ministry that began in 1976 and has grown into a world leader in reducing homelessness through building homes.


Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 


Negative forms

In English there are different negative structures that do not always include the use of any:

1) NOT + ANY

Normally, you will see not in this cases.


There aren’t any people in the classroom.

2) NO + NOUN

There are no people in the classroom.

This structure is frequent with the verb to have and with there is/ there are.

Sophie has got no children.

There is no sugar in my tea.

Both structures are equivalents:

Sophie has got no children = Sophie hasn’t got any children

There is no sugar in my tea = There isn’t any sugar in my tea


When we know well the noun, we can use none.

-How many apples do we have?

None. (= no apples.)


Remember: The indefinite pronouns refer to a human being who you can know or not.

If I say:

Michael is late.

Here, we all know that is Michael who is coming late.

However, if I say someone is coming late.

I’m not refering to someone in concrete, so here’s when I’m using an indefinite pronoun.

1)      NOT + ANYBODY    /    NOT + ANYONE

NOBODY                      / NO-ONE


I haven’t seen anybody = I haven’t seen anyone

I have seen nobody = I have seen no-one.

      NOT + ANYBODY    /    NOT + ANYONE


         NOBODY                  / NO-ONE

As you can see, anybody and anyone mean the same. As well as nobody and no-one.



2)      NOT + ANYTHING



I don’t have anything in my pocket = I have nothing in my pocket.


  1. a)      We can use nobody, no-one y nothing as the subject of a sentece:

Nobody came to the party. = No-one came to the party

Nothing happened yesterday.

  1. b)     In English is not possible the double negative:

I don’t have anything (never *I don’t have nothing)


  • Related Pronunciation Video Lesson and interactive exercise(s):


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