How to improve your Toefl listening score with exam samples 4
How to increase your TOEFL listening score.
TOEFL Listening 4
Listening section your toefl listening score is out of 30
The detail type of listening question asks you to identify factual information that is stated directly in the passage. Usually the information is given to support or expand or provide an example related to the main idea. This type of question is when you’ll be glad you took notes!
Sample prompts for this kind of question:
According to the professor, what is DETAIL?
What is one way that DETAIL can affect _______ ?
According to the professor, how does DETAIL do ________ ?
Example: Transcript of part of the passage you would HEAR:
Narrator: Listen to part of a lecture from an environmental science class.
Professor: To continue on with our unit on endangered plant species, today we’re going to be talking about carnivorous plants. Now, the main reasons why we cover carnivory in this unit, is due to the over-collection of these unique plants by man. As you can imagine from the pictures you will see in your textbook, their unusual forms and their sheer size make rare carnivorous plants collectables, not unlike rare animal species.
Okay, so when you hear the word carnivore and relate it to the plant kingdom, you probably conjure up images from horror movies where the predatory Venus-flytrap attacks humans. Am I right? Okay, well, let’s put this myth to rest for now. Carnivorous plants do not have the strength or capability for trapping humans, nor for the most part amphibians, birds, or mammals. In isolated cases, carnivorous plants might manage to trap a frog or a rodent, but that is only if the entrapped victim is ill or near death already. There is a good reason why carnivorous plants are also referred to as insectivores. 99% of the time, it is insects that provide the nutrients that these plants lack.
And, that brings us to the definition I know you’re all eager to jot down. I’m going to put this in point form on the board, but you’ll find it on… uh… page 78 of your textbook as well. A carnivorous plant is one that has four key features. It must have the capacity to attract, trap, and kill its prey, as well as being able to absorb its prey’s nutrients. While almost all plants attract insects, and some either trap or kill insects on contact, all four features must be present in order for a plant to be classified as carnivorous. Bogs and wetland areas are the most common habitats for carnivorous plants, because unlike most plants, these feed on insects and do not require nitrogen from the soil. In a thin soiled bog, the nutrient content is low, but the water and sunshine is plentiful. Therefore, the majority of carnivorous plants are also classified as aquatic species.
So, we’ve covered the what and the where, now let’s talk about the how. When I say how, I mean how does a plant become a predator? Well, this question is not easily answered, considering there are 9 genus of carnivorous plants with at least 600 species, each of which has a slightly different trapping mechanism. However, the five basic trapping mechanisms are, pitfall, snap, bladder, lobster, and fly-paper, and these can be examined quite closely. We’re going to touch on the first two types today, and you’ll read up about the other three in your assigned reading tonight. I say the first two, the pitfall and the snap, but that’s not how they fall in your textbook. If you don’t have time to read the whole chapter you’ll have to flip back and forth a bit to find the other three. [lecture continues on]
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