Free English Course Online 31
- Vocabulary related to pronunciation
- Simple past: pronunciation of the -ED endings
1/ Vocabulary Practice
- the living room
- regular verbs
- in the past
- to write
- to fall into the trap
- three ways to pronounce
- at the end
- the last letter
- to spell
- a syllable
- to hide
- to bid
- to want
- to fold
- to wait
- to sound
- to park
- to sounds like
- a voiced consonant
- the melody
- to sound right
- a false note
- to detect
- a day off
2/ Grammar Practice
Pronunciation of the -ED endings of regular past simple and past participles:
The -ED endings can be pronounced /d/ , /t/, or /id/.
It is all based on sound:
1/ My -ED ending is pronounced /t/ when I have a voiceless sound (no vibrations in your voice box) yet strong sound just before the -ED.
liked, laughed, faxed, washed, watched, stopped, cooked, danced, kissed, fixed…
2/ My -ED ending is pronounced /d/ when I have a voiced (vibrations in your voice box) yet soft sound just before the -ED:
begged, loved, allowed, calmed, compelled, judged, honed, learned, aged, played, called, cleaned, offered, damaged, loved, breathed, used, followed, enjoyed, amazed…
3/ My -ED ending is pronounced /t/ when I have a sound /t/ and /d/ just before the -ED. We need to add a vowel sound to hear the ending hence pronouncing the ending /id/:
ended, wanted, nodded, waited, decided, folded, needed…
3/ Sentence Practice
- Let us continue this conversation in the living room.
- Regular verbs in the past are easy to write. Don’t fall into the trap of Phonetics.
- In English, there are three ways to pronounce the “ED” at the end of a regular verb in the past tense.
- Firstly, you have “The /id/ sound”, If the last letter of the word is spelled with D or T.
- The ED is pronounced as a separate syllable with an, id, sound. For example, hid and bid.
- wanted, folded, waited, needed. They sound the same as did.
- Then you have the The /t/ sound“, If the last consonant of the word is voiceless, then the ED is pronounced as a T.
- talked (sounds like “talkt“), parked, (sounds like “talkt“) hissed, sound like “hist“), helped (helpt), worked, (workt).
- Then you have The /d/ sound. If the last letter of the words ends in a voiced consonant.
- Then the ED is pronounced like a D (without creating another syllable): played (sounds like “playd”), opened (opend)
- Closed (sounds like “clozd”), lived (livd).
- English is like music. Learn the melody. If it sounds right it is right. A false note is easy to detect.
- It’s nice to have a day off work!
4/ Practice Quiz
Complete the quizzes below.
- Today’s comprehension interactive video:
- Today’s sentences drag and drop:
- Today’s grammar fill in the right words: