Free English Course Online 31

Free English Course Online 31

Today’s Focus:

  • Vocabulary related to pronunciation
  • Simple past: pronunciation of the -ED endings


1/ Vocabulary Practice

  • the living room
  • regular verbs
  • in the past
  • to write
  • to fall into the trap
  • three ways to pronounce
  • at the end
  • firstly
  • the last letter
  • to spell
  • separate
  • a syllable
  • to hide
  • to  bid
  • to want
  • to fold
  • to wait
  • to sound
  • consonant
  • voiceless
  • to park
  • to sounds like
  • hissed
  • helped
  • worked
  • voiced consonant
  • opened
  • closed
  • music
  • the melody
  • to sound right
  • a false note
  • to detect
  • a day off

2/ Grammar Practice

Pronunciation of the -ED endings of regular past simple and past participles:

The -ED endings can be pronounced /d/ , /t/, or /id/.

It is all based on sound:

1/ My -ED ending is pronounced /t/ when I have a voiceless sound (no vibrations in your voice box) yet strong sound just before the -ED.

liked, laughed, faxed, washed, watched, stopped, cooked, danced, kissed, fixed…

2/ My -ED ending is pronounced /d/ when I have a voiced (vibrations in your voice box) yet soft sound just before the -ED:

begged, loved, allowed, calmed, compelled, judged, honed, learned, aged, played, called, cleaned, offered, damaged, loved, breathed, used, followed, enjoyed, amazed…

3/ My -ED ending is pronounced /t/ when I have a sound /t/ and /d/ just before the -ED. We need to add a vowel sound to hear the ending hence pronouncing the ending /id/:

ended, wanted, nodded, waited, decided, folded, needed…



3/ Sentence Practice

  1. Let us continue this conversation in the living room.
  2. Regular verbs in the past are easy to write. Don’t fall into the trap of Phonetics.
  3. In English, there are three ways to pronounce the “ED” at the end of a regular verb in the past tense.
  4. Firstly, you have “The /id/  sound”, If the last letter of the word is spelled with D or T.
  5. The ED is pronounced as a separate syllable with an, id,  sound. For example, hid and bid.
  6. wanted, folded, waited, needed. They sound the same as did.
  7. Then you have the The /t/ sound“, If the last consonant of the word is voiceless, then the ED is pronounced as a T.
  8. talked (sounds like “talkt“), parked, (sounds like “talkt“) hissed, sound like “hist“), helped (helpt), worked, (workt).
  9. Then you have The /d/ sound. If the last letter of the words ends in a voiced consonant.
  10. Then the ED is pronounced like a D (without creating another syllable): played (sounds like “playd”), opened (opend)
  11. Closed (sounds like “clozd”), lived (livd).
  12. English is like music. Learn the melody. If it sounds right it is right. A false note is easy to detect.
  13. It’s nice to have a day off work!

4/ Practice Quiz

Complete the quizzes below.

  1. Today’s comprehension interactive video: 
  2. Today’s sentences drag and drop: 
  3. Today’s grammar fill in the right words: 

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