Free English Course Online 30

Free English Course Online 30

Today’s Focus:

  • Vocabulary related to language and teaching
  • Simple Past – regular verbs

 

1/ Vocabulary Practice

  • the past
  • regular
  • to continue the discussion
  • at the dinner table
  • to be corrected
  • Not one little bit
  • to let you make mistakes
  • They never correct you.
  • They think it is impolite to do so.
  • to just learn rules
  • to not have the time
  • to correct each mistake
  • to be refreshing
  • to be with
  • to care enough
  • to explain properly
  • to be qualified
  • to teach correctly
  • to learn intuitively
  • to try to explain
  • a mix
  • grammar systems
  • Latin
  • German
  • French
  • Celtic
  • pre-roman
  • many more.
  • a French teacher of English
  • native people
  • to pronounce badly
  • to find

2/ Grammar Practice

 

Regular verbs in the simple past or past simple.

How to form the simple past

Positive form:

S + bare infinitive + -ed + O.

He learnED English.

He workED there for five years.

Yesterday we stayED with our uncle and aunt.

Last year he playED football every week.

The other day I startED to feel ill.

In August I passED my driving test.

We crossED the road carefully.

We wantED to travel to the UK.

He askED me for advice.

Negative form:

S + did not / didn’t + bare infinitive (infinitive without “to”) + O.

She did not know that. / She didn’t know that.

Be careful: do not say “I did not learnED” (WRONG!!)

> “I did not learn” is the correct form

Question form:

Didn’t + S + bare infinitive + O ?

Did + S + not + bare infinitive + O ?

Didn’t they arrive on time?

Did they not arrive on time?

Be careful:

Do not say “Did they not arrivED?” (WRONG!!)

> “Did they not arrivE?” is the correct form

This tense is used for:

1/ completed actions – when it is over:

He lived there when he was 10.

2/ when I focus on the duration of an action:

He learned English for 2 years.

3/ when an action has happened once, never or several times in the past:

He went to school every day.

4/ for a series of actions in the past:

I opened the book, I read, I learned something new.

5/ for facts or generalisations in the past:

They used to live in tents.

Some spelling changes sometimes occur!

1/ If a verb ends in -e, you add -d not -ed:

I liked

He agreed

We escaped

we decided

we arrived

2/ If a verb ends in a vowel and a consonant, the consonant is usually doubled before the -ED:

he stopped

we planned

3/ If a verb ends in consonant + -y, you remove the -y and add -ied:

to try > he tried

to cry > we cried

to carry > they carried

4/ If a verb ends in a vowel and -y, you add -ed:

we played

they enjoyed

Signal words / adverbs of time that go with this tense:

1/ LAST

Last week

last Friday

last year

2/ IN

in September

in 2000

in the 19th century

3/ WHEN

when I was 5

when I was a child

when I had a cat

4/ Other

yesterday

the other day

 

3/ Sentence Practice

  1. Let’s go and eat we can continue this discussion at the dinner table. I am sure that we are all starving.
  2. Sorry, Jeanne, I hope you don’t mind being corrected. Not one little bit. The problem is that people let you make mistakes.
  3. They never correct you. They think it is impolite to do so. In a class with other students, you just learn rules.
  4. The teacher has not the time to correct each mistake. The student thinks he has learned the lesson but he makes mistakes.
  5. It is refreshing to be with people who care enough.It is also very good to talk to people who can explain properly.
  6. Thank you. In many language schools, the teachers are not qualified to teach correctly.
  7. They learned English intuitively. Then they try and explain English with a grammar book.
  8. English is a mix of different grammar systems: Latin, German, French, Celtic pre-roman English and many more.
  9. My English lessons in my French school were with a French teacher of English
  10. I learned grammar but native people who listened to me did not understand me.
  11. This was because of the fact that I pronounced very badly.
  12. I find that the past tense in English is easy for regular verbs. You just have to add ed.

4/ Practice Quiz

Complete the quizzes below.

  1. Today’s comprehension interactive video: 
  2. Today’s sentences drag and drop: 
  3. Today’s grammar fill in the right words: 

 

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