FCE First Certificate course Lesson 19

Dialogue Lesson 19

Dialogue 19: Use of English parts

Emma is coming to grips with Use of English which is part of the Reading section. It is yet another part of the exam she feels ill-prepared for as it covers elements such as vocabulary, collocations, shades of meaning, phrasal verbs, and idioms – also called fixed phrases through different types of texts such as newspapers, fiction, and magazines.

EMMA: From what I’ve read about the Use of English, I think it’s going to be the part I’ll struggle with most in the exam.

GORDON: Ok don’t worry Emma, why don’t you tell us what you already know, then we can all discuss tips for tackling this section?

EMMA: Basically, I know there are 7 parts. The first part is ‘multiple-choice cloze’, then there is a part called ‘open cloze’, the third part is ‘word formation’, the fourth part is “sentence transformation”, the fifth is Multiple choice text, the sixth is gapped texts with missing paragraphs, and the seventh is called Multiple matching where you have to find where information is located in a text.

TERRY: Yeah that’s it. So, can you tell us what the different parts involve?

EMMA: Um, yeah. So in multiple-choice cloze, you have to fill in gaps, for each of these gaps, you choose one answer from four. Open cloze is similar, but with this there are no multiple-choice answers so you have to completely rely on your own resourcefulness which means it is more difficult. For word formation, you have to take a stem word and form this to create another word, for example changing an adjective to an adverb by adding the suffix ‘-ly’ or something like that. Then, for sentence transformation, you have a sentence, which is followed by a second sentence containing a gap. You need to use between two to five words to fill in this gap, being sure to use the keyword which will be provided in capitals. Essentially, you are changing the structure of the first sentence but putting across the same meaning.   

GORDON: Excellent knowledge of four of the seven sections, Emma. You can study parts five to seven at home. Tell me, how have you been revising so far?

EMMA: Well, I’ve been making sure I’m familiar with lots of linking words and prepositions.

GORDON: Ok, well now we can talk more about specific revision techniques so you know how to revise for all parts.

Vocabulary lesson 19

ENGLISH

SYNONYM or DEFINITION

to come to grips with

to tackle, to deal with, to grasp

ill-prepared

inexperienced, inexpert

to struggle

to find something difficult, to have difficulty doing something

a tip

a piece of advice

to tackle

to deal with something, to get to work on, set one’s hands on

a cloze

a test in which one is asked to supply words that have been removed from a passage in order to measure one’s ability to comprehend text; a “fill in the blanks” type text

to rely on

to depend on

resourcefulness

initiative, inventiveness, self-motivation, creativity

a stem word

root, main part, origin

to put across

to communicate, to convey, to make clear

to handle

to deal with, to take care of, to attend to, to sort out

a prefix

an element placed at the beginning of a word to adjust or quality its meaning

a suffix

an element placed at the end of a word to adjust or qualify its meaning

an idiom

an expression, a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words

Exam Tips 19

Exam tip FCE for lesson 19

Commonly misspelled words. Here is the first half of some of the most commonly misspelled words in American and British English. 

A-B

absence

acceptable

accidentally

accommodate

achieve

acknowledge

acquaintance

acquire

acquit

acreage

address

adultery

advisable

affect

aggression

aggressive

allegiance

almost

a lot

amateur

annually

apparent

arctic

argument

atheist

awful

because

becoming

beginning

believe

bellwether

buoy/buoyant

business

C-D

calendar

camouflage

capitol  capital (both words exist)

Caribbean

category

caught

cemetery

changeable

chief

colleague

column

coming

committed

concede

congratulate

conscientious

conscious

consensus 

controversy 

coolly 

daiquiri 

deceive 

definite 

definitely 

desperate 

difference 

dilemma 

disappoint 

disastrous 

drunkenness 

dumbbell 

E-H

embarrass 

equipment 

exceed 

exhilarate 

existence 

experience 

extreme 

fascinating 

fiery 

fluorescent 

foreign 

friend 

fulfil  fullfil

gauge 

grateful 

guarantee 

guidance 

harass 

height 

hierarchy 

hors d’oeuvres 

humorous 

hygiene 

hypocrisy/hypocrite

I-K

ignorance

imitate 

immediately 

independent 

indispensable 

inoculate 

intelligence 

jewelry (UK: jewellery)

judgment

kernel 

L-O

leisure 

liaison 

library 

license  lisence (US always license)

lightning 

lose  loose

maintenance 

medieval 

memento 

millennium 

miniature 

minuscule 

mischievous 

misspell 

necessary 

niece 

neighbor, neighbour

noticeable

occasion

occasionally

occurrence 

occurred 

omission

original

outrageous

Grammar and Vocabulary recommended Videos

Exercises FCE 19

Vocabulary Exercise

Comprehension Exercise

Grammar Exercise

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