FCE Lesson 13

FCE First Certificate Course Lesson 13

Dialogue lesson 13

Dialogue lesson 13: Liverpool

Liverpool is the 4th biggest city in England, a place full to the brim with character, renowned for its history and culture in things like football and music. However, prior to the decade of the 1990’s, it suffered a period of economic underdevelopment compared to its regional counterparts. This underdevelopment was determined by a decline in key industries, lower property value than in comparable areas such as Manchester and Leeds and low levels of external investment. A)_______________________________________________ Furthermore, there was an increasing rate of outmigration of large financial companies from this city.

Thankfully during the 1990’s, there was an economic turnaround and things began to work in Liverpool’s favour.  There were a number of factors which contributed to the development of the city. These included the fact that because Liverpool’s economy had been so bad compared to that of other UK cities, land and property were undervalued and investment was lower than its’ potential. Therefore, it was inevitable that there would be a period of increasing sustainability in this sector as Liverpool was able to cram in a few decade’s worth of growth into a 5 year time slot. Also, it is without doubt that there was a period of national economic growth as well. So, investors had more confidence in this city and were willing to invest in lower estimated properties in the city centre. B) _________________________________________________

Also, with the change in political party and the introduction of New Labour in 1997, there was more stability in the government and their policies focused on urban regeneration rather than large out-of-town commercial development. So Liverpool’s underused city centre spaces were seen as profitable by investors who took advantage of their low prices. As a matter of fact, there was a general consensus that Liverpool was finally being paid the attention it deserved by the government, after feeling like it had been ignored when the former conservative government was in charge. C) _________________________________________________

From then on, Liverpool was unstoppable. It’s value in key sectors and industries continued to grow and in 2008, it was voted “Capital of Culture”.  D) _________________________________________________ If we take a look at how this affected the city, we can recall the huge amount of construction that took place which led to the most influential effect, the increase in tourism. Liverpool’s skyline was boosted by 2 new skyscrapers which showcased beautiful architectural design. The city council of Liverpool deemed the three key factors of the culture of Liverpool to be shopping, restaurants and bars and the arts.

So, for the shopping sector, two new shopping centres were built. One of these was an enormous 3-storey outside shopping mall which is full of all the most popular high street shops. E) _________________________________________________ A smaller shopping centre was also created, this one containing designer stores, so the shopping experience in Liverpool could cater to both those who wanted to splash out on more luxurious items and those who were on a smaller budget.

As for restaurants and bars – F) _________________________________________________ –

their presence was implemented in the designs of the shopping centres. Suddenly there were so many to choose from, offering tons of different cuisines and experiences.

Finally, for the arts, the prominent desire of the council was to draw on the popularity of the most famous group in the world who hail from Liverpool, The Beatles. ‘The Beatles museum’ was built and was a success amongst tourists who would flock from around the world to see exhibitions and learn more about their favourite musicians. A huge music arena was also built, G) _________________________________________________, which meant big artists like Beyoncé and Kings of Leon were now coming to Liverpool to perform, instead of having to rely solely on Manchester to satisfy their North West fans.

5 years later, the economy of Liverpool continues to soar. Its rates of tourism has increased and now, more than ever, big financial companies are happy to reside in this city.

Vocabulary lesson 13

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLGgPs374NU

 

ENGLISH

SYNONYM or DEFINITION

to the brim

(figurative) to the very top

a counterpart

matching person, an equivalent

to cram in

to force into a space

to underuse

to use below the optimum level

to showcase

(figurative) to show to advantage

a storey

a floor, a level of a building

to splash out on

(slang, figurative) to spend extravagant sums of money

to soar

to go up rapidly

 

Exam Tips #13

EXAM TIP FOR FCE LESSON 13

How to write an article ARTICLE? Reviews are articles expressing a clear opinion and where in order to convey your interpretation of the facts, humorous ways such as tongue-in-cheek can be used. Articles will also address an audience using rhetorical questions and other forms to create effects or make a statement. Getting and maintaining your reader’s interest is your objective.

You must remember the following:

  • 4 paragraphs minimum (1 introduction, 2 or 3 body paragraphs and 1 conclusion).
  • Give your article a title.
  • Speak directly to your readers.
  • Give your opinion when appropriate.
  • Give examples when appropriate.

You can use humour when appropriate Some more useful vocabulary:

Rhetorical phrases

Have you ever…?
Are you one of those people who thinks that…? What do you think about…?
What would it be like if…?
What would you say to…?
Don’t you think it is…?

Introducing your first point

First of all…
To begin with…
Let’s start by…
One important thing to consider… In the first place…

Introducing more points

Secondly…
Apart from that…
Added to that…
Another aspect we have to mention here is… Another consideration… Furthermore…

Introducing your final points

To conclude… To sum up… In a nutshell… So…
On the whole… In short…

Giving your opinion

In my opinion…
My personal opinion is… To my mind…
If you ask me…
In my view… Personally I believe that… From where I stand…

Adjectives

gripping jaw-dropping absorbing
riveting action-packed
dull / uneventful / lacking variety colourless / nondescript

Template Article:

Title: i.e. A transcendent experience

Introduction: I recently (summarise the film / experience etc. and give your general opinion) …………………………………………………………………………….………………………….

Paragraph 1: (your viewpoint on one aspect/theme) What I most liked was ………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Paragraph 2: (your viewpoint on one aspect) What I most disliked was ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Conclusion or recommendation(s): To conclude……………………………………………………………………………………………

I therefore recommend…………………………………………………………………………………….

CONSEJO PARA EL EXAMEN FCE LECCIÓN 13

¿Cómo escribir un artículo? Las reseñas son artículos que expresan una opinión clara y en los que, para transmitir su interpretación de los hechos, se pueden utilizar formas cómicas, como la irónica. Los artículos también se dirigirán a una audiencia utilizando preguntas retóricas y otras formas para crear efectos o hacer una declaración. Obtener y mantener el interés de su lector es su objetivo.

Debes recordar lo siguiente:

  • Mínimo de 4 párrafos (1 introducción, 2 o 3 párrafos del cuerpo y 1 conclusión).
  • Dale a tu artículo un título.
  • Habla directamente con tus lectores.
  • Da tu opinión cuando sea apropiado.
  • Dar ejemplos cuando sea apropiado.

Puedes usar el humor cuando sea apropiado. Algún vocabulario más útil:

Plantilla de un artículo

Título: es decir, una experiencia trascendente.

Introducción: recientemente (resumí la película/experiencia, etc. y dí tu opinión general) ………………………………………………………………..

Párrafo 1: (tu punto de vista sobre un aspecto/tema) Lo que más me gustó fue………………………………………………………………………………………………

Párrafo 2: (tu punto de vista sobre un aspecto) Lo que más me disgustó fue……………………………………………………………………………………………..

Conclusión o recomendación (es): Para concluir ………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Por lo tanto, recomiendo…………………………………………………………………………………..

Grammar and Vocabulary recommended Videos

Exercises FCE 13

Vocabulary Exercise

Use of English Exercise

Grammar Exercise