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In this free Grammar lesson you will access:
- Grammar Video Tutorial on the modal verbs
- Objectives of the Lesson
- Transcript of the Video in English
- Today’s vocabulary
List of Key Words
- Grammar Quizzes: (3 to complete)
I) Mark the Words Grammar Quiz on “Modal Verbs”
II) Drag the Words Grammar Quiz on “Modals”
III) Fill in the blanks Grammar Quiz on “Modal Verbs”
I/ Grammar Video Tutorial
II/ Objectives of the Lesson
Today’s learning goals
In this lesson, Learn English with Julia presents to you “Modal Verbs”, in order for you to:
- discover a modal verbs list
- see modal verbs examples sentences
- complete some modal verbs exercises
- see what types of modals there are
- discover more modals examples
- complete more modals exercises
- see some more modal verbs examples sentences
- create a list of 10 examples of modals
III/ Video Transcript
Hello and welcome to this video dedicated to the Modal Verbs!
Modal verbs have their own peculiarities.
They do not function like normal regular verbs.
Why is that?
First, because they belong to this category: AUXILIARY VERBS.
They don’t exist in all the tenses.
And when we create negative or interrogative form
they don’t use the auxiliary TO DO
like most verbs in certain tenses.
So what are the modals?
Here is a list of modals.
CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, SHALL, SHOULD, WILL, WOULD, MUST
and in some grammar books, OUGHT TO,
which also appears on my list.
Well, when we use modals?
We use them when we want to emphasise something,
a request, permission, habits or even advice.
And they always project either a degree of certainty,
Is something possible, improbable, certain?
or an obligation,
freedom to act,
Well, when I mentioned equivalents earlier on,
let’s say for example:
that I wish to say: I must leave now
in the past.
I would not be able to say * YESTERDAY I MUST LEAVE THEN.
I would have to use an equivalent verb
in this case TO HAVE TO.
Yesterday I HAD TO LEAVE THEN.
In this example:
MUST = HAVE TO.
Now, TO HAVE TO here is an equivalent verb.
However, in certain cases like: MAY or MIGHT
I don’t always have an equivalent verb.
So I might want to use an adverb such as: “perhaps”
or even the adjective “likely”.
If you wish to express the same thing
in a different time / tense or in a different manner.
And certain modals are used to form a specific tense such as
WILL is used to form the future tenses
WOULD is used for conditional.
So keep that in mind when you complete the interactive exercises after this video.
Here are some hints for you in the classroom.
Many errors are due to prepositions in English.
This is one of them
So instead of saying I MUST TO LEAVE NOW *
we must bear in mind that after a modal verb
there is no “to”.
I MUST LEAVE NOW.
So, CAN YOU SPEAK ENGLISH?
and no CAN YOU TO SPEAK ENGLISH *? Be careful.
Negative and question forms:
Many errors arise there.
They function differently.
In the second part of this video we’ll see how.
And as I mentioned before, they do not exist in all the tenses.
We’ll try and look at that now together.
We will conclude this video
with a quick timeline.
When I can use the modals?
Do they exist in all the tenses?
And if they don’t, what are their equivalents?
Okay, let’s start with CAN.
If I wish to use CAN
I can do so but only in the simple present.
If I want to express the same idea in the past or conditional,
I’ll have to use COULD
What happens in the future?
I’ll have to use the equivalent TO BE ABLE TO.
I will be able to.
MAY is often considered equal to MIGHT
but you can also say that it is more of a CONDITIONAL.
In the future, I’ll have to use adverbs or expressions including adjectives:
PERHAPS (maybe), TO BE LIKELY TO.
WILL and SHALL are equivalent.
They express future.
They are auxiliary verbs that allow me to express an idea in the simple future.
They don’t exist in the present. They is no equivalent.
However in the past or conditional
we would use WOULD or SHOULD
And finally, to express OBLIGATION,
I will use MUST
Its equivalent is TO HAVE TO in the past, conditional, and future.
That’s it for today!
Thanks for watching!
Well, let’s see some examples below.
If we want to express possibility, we can use could, might, may, or can.
Our examples are:
HE COULD CALL IN SICK
WE MIGHT GO SWIMMING
YOU MAY NEED TO TELL HIM.
YOU CAN BUY 2 FOR THE PRICE OF 1
To express impossibility, we can use CAN’T or COULDN’T
He can’t leave work early.
They couldn’t get there on time.
To express PROBABILITY
with must or should.
They must be running late.
He should know where they are.
This band can play anything.
He could afford it then.
Therefore, CAN and COULD for ABILITY.
And finally, PERMISSION.
We can use CAN or MAY.
Can we give the museum a miss today?
May I leave the table?
Now for some more examples of modal verbs.
If we give instructions or make requests,
we can use SHOULD, WILL, WOULD or COULD
We should keep the music down.
Will you shut the door for me, please?
Could you pass me the salt?
Would you help me move house?
Now, making suggestions or giving advice
we can use SHOULD or COULD.
We should take him to the vet’s.
We could leave the window open.
Giving out invitations, making offers:
CAN, SHALL, MUST, WOULD are the modal verbs we can use.
Can I help you with something?
Shall I order you a taxi?
We must catch up soon.
Would you like a cup of tea?
And finally, when we express
we use MUST
You must book your flights!
IV/ List of Key Words
Key Words listed in English:
- modal verbs or modals
- auxiliary verbs or auxiliaries
- can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, ought to…
- infinitive without “to” or bare infinitive
- tenses review
- to have to, to be able to, perhaps, likely….
- modal verbs or modals
- can, could, may, might, must…
V/ Grammar Quizzes
3 GRAMMAR QUIZZES TO COMPLETE
Mark the Words Grammar Quiz:
Drag the Words Grammar Quiz:
Fill in the blanks Grammar Quiz: