English Beginners Course Lesson 7

Introduction

This tutorial is focusing on, how to use to have in the  present simple, and when to use :  some, any, every.

Dialogue

1/Sentence Practice

I am a vet. – And I am a pet sitter. Every day of the week I have different animals. – What animals are there? And when?

On Monday I have some dogs. – What colours are the dogs? –

Some Tuesdays I have a cat. – How is the cat? – The cat is white and it has green eyes.

Some Wednesdays I have raccoons. – And what have you on Thursday?

On Thursday I have some horses and dogs – Horses and dogs? My cousin Peter has two horses. My cousin John has a pet dog. My cousin Jane has a pet dog. And Friday?

On Friday I have some Chickens. – And weekends?

Every Saturday I have some pigs. And every Sunday I have the day off.

Have you a pet? What is its name? Where is your pet? – Yes, I have a pet raccoon. His name is Hamlet.

Vocabulary

2/Vocabulary Practice

  • Days of the week 
  • Monday
  • Tuesday
  • Wednesday
  • Thursday
  • Friday
  • Saturday
  • Sunday
  • some
  • a weekend
  • a vet
  • a pet sitter
  • an animal – animals
  • a dog –  dogs
  • a cat – cats 
  • a raccoon –  raccoons 
  • a horse – horses
  • a pet – pets
  • a chicken – chickens
  • a pig – pigs 
  • To have
  • an eye – eyes
  • a day off – days off

Grammar

3/The verb to have /  Some, Any, and Every

a/ The verb to have
The verb “to have” in the present simple is conjugated as follows:
Positive form: I have, you have, he/she/it has, we have, you have, they have
> “has” is only for the 3rd person singular (he, she, it).
> “have” is for all the other singular and plural forms
The verb “to have” can be in a contracted form too. It is called the short form:
Short positive form:
I’ve, you’ve, he’s, she’s, it’s, we’ve, you’ve, they’ve

Negative form: I have not, you have not, he/she/it has not, we have not, you have not, they have not
The verb “to have” can be in a contracted form too. It is called the short form:
2 different Short negative forms are possible:
I’ve not, you’ve not, he’s not, she’s not, it’s not, we’ve not, you’ve not, they’ve not or
I haven’t, you haven’t, he/she/it hasn’t, we haven’t, you haven’t, they haven’t

b/ Some, Any, and Every
“Some” and “any” are used in front of a noun.

“Any” is used for negative and question* statements:
i.e. Have you any brothers?
It isn’t any better.
There isn’t any time!

“Some” is used for positive statements and sometimes questions:
i.e. I have some cousins.
It has some nice music.
Have you some change?**

* For questions, we use “any” when we are asking an open question, we do not expect a “yes” or a “no”. Either answer can be expected. Therefore it is considered more polite in certain contexts.
** For questions when we use “some” it generally means that we expect the answer to be “yes”. It is considered less polite in certain contexts.

“Every” is used for positive statements:
i.e. Every Monday I am here.
Every day I work. / I work every day.

Questions and Answers

4/Questions and Answers

What day is it today?
Today is Tuesday.

 

When is it Wednesday?
It is Wednesday tomorrow.

 

What colour is the dog?
The dog is black.

 

What animals are there?
There are chickens and pigs.

 

Where is the cat?
The cat is in the classroom.

 

Why is the cat in the classroom?
The cat is in the classroom because it is not in the house.

 

What is your name?
My name is Robert.

 

And what is your name?
My name is Frank.

 

Has John a dog?
Yes, he has a dog.

 

Where is the dog?
The dog is not in the classroom.

Exercises Lesson 7

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice