English Beginners Course Lesson 5
Learn how to use “there, here, there is, there are, or, here is, here are possessive determiners, or, possessive adjectives.
- Here is my family.
- There is my sister. She is a dentist. My sister is a dentist. Her name is Natasha.
- Here is my brother. He is an engineer. My brother is an engineer. His name is William.
- You are my siblings. I am your brother.
- Natasha and William are my siblings. They are my siblings. Their names are William and Natasha.
- There are my parents. They are my parents. My mother and my father are here.
- We have cousins. Our cousins are Frank and Harry. Their names are Frank and Harry.
- Who is your aunt? My aunt is Jane. She is there.
- Where is your uncle? My uncle is here. His name is Jack.
- Where are your grandparents? They are here. My grandmother is called Janet and my grandfather is called Robert. Their names are Janet and Robert.
- Why is your name Tom? My grandfather is called Tom. His name is Tom. My name is Tom. Our name is Tom.
- Is Robert his cousin? No, Robert is not his cousin. James is his cousin.
- Here it is. There she is. This is her aunt. That is his aunt.
- Where is our family? Your family is there. My family is here. There’s my aunt. Here’s my uncle.
- a family – The family
- a name – names
- a mother – mothers
- a father – fathers
- my parents
- a brother- brothers
- a sister – sisters
- a sibling – siblings
- an aunt – aunts
- an uncle – uncles
- a cousin – cousins
- a grandmother – grandmothers
- a grandfather – grandfathers
- your grandparents
Possessive adjectives, also called possessive determiners, are words used in place of articles, to show ownership or relationships between people. They are placed before the noun in a sentence. Possessive adjectives refer to the owner. There are different forms depending on whether the noun is singular or plural:
Singular: My, Your, His, Her, Its
Plural: Our, Your, Their
We go from subject pronoun to possessive adjective (also known as possessive determiner):
I > my
You > your
He > his
She > her
It > its
We > our
You > your
They > their
Be careful with the spelling of “its”, to not be confused with the contracted form of the verb to be: “it’s” (it is). They are two different things!
Notice how “their”, “they’re” and “there” are all three pronounced identically.
Questions and AnswersYY
4/Questions and Answers
Where is your family?
Here is my family.
Who is your sister?
She is my sister.
Why is your aunt here?
She is here because she is not there.
How is your car?
My car is red.
When is your birthday?
My birthday is today.
How are you?
I am well.
Who are your siblings?
Robert and Jane are my siblings.
Where are your siblings
They are here.
When is your uncle here?
He is here now.
Why is she a dentist?
She is a dentist because she is a good dentist.