Lesson 31

Lessón 31

Dialogue

1/Sentence Practice

Let us continue this conversation in the living room.

Regular verbs in the past are easy to write. Don’t fall into the trap of Phonetics.

In English, there are three ways to pronounce the “ED” at the end of a regular verb in the past tense.

Firstly, you have “The /id/  sound”, If the last letter of the word is spelled with D or T.

The ED is pronounced as a separate syllable with an, id,  sound. For example, hid and bid.

wanted, folded, waited, needed. They sound the same as did.

Then you have the The /t/ sound“, If the last consonant of the word is voiceless, then the ED is pronounced as a T.

talked (sounds like “talkt“), parked, (sounds like “talkt“) hissed, sound like “hist“), helped (helpt), worked, (workt).

Then you have The /d/ sound. If the last letter of the words ends in a voiced consonant.

Then the ED is pronounced like a D (without creating another syllable): played (sounds like “playd”), opened (opend)

Closed (sounds like “clozd”), lived (livd).

English is like music. Learn the melody. If it sounds right it is right. A false note is easy to detect.

It’s nice to have a day off work!

 
 

Vocabulary

2/Vocabulary Practice

  • the living room
  • regular verbs
  • in the past
  • to write
  • to fall into the trap
  • three ways to pronounce
  • at the end
  • firstly
  • the last letter
  • to spell
  • separate
  • a syllable
  • to hide
  • to  bid
  • to want
  • to fold
  • to wait
  • to sound
  • consonant
  • voiceless
  • to park
  • to sounds like
  • hissed
  • helped
  • worked
  • voiced consonant
  • opened
  • closed
  • music
  • the melody
  • to sound right
  • a false note
  • to detect
  • a day off

Grammar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9wynobjFuuw

Pronunciation of the -ED endings of regular past simple and past participles:

The -ED endings can be pronounced /d/ , /t/, or /id/.

It is all based on sound:

1/ My -ED ending is pronounced /t/ when I have a voiceless sound (no vibrations in your voice box) yet strong sound just before the -ED.

liked, laughed, faxed, washed, watched, stopped, cooked, danced, kissed, fixed…

2/ My -ED ending is pronounced /d/ when I have a voiced (vibrations in your voice box) yet soft sound just before the -ED:

begged, loved, allowed, calmed, compelled, judged, honed, learned, aged, played, called, cleaned, offered, damaged, loved, breathed, used, followed, enjoyed, amazed…

3/ My -ED ending is pronounced /t/ when I have a sound /t/ and /d/ just before the -ED. We need to add a vowel sound to hear the ending hence pronouncing the ending /id/:

ended, wanted, nodded, waited, decided, folded, needed…

Questions and Answers

Questions and Answers

Did you learn French?

Yes, I learned French.

Do you need your glasses?

Yes, I needed my glasses.

Did you wait for long?

Yes, I waited for an hour.

Was it easy to park?

Yes, I’ve parked in the carpark.

Did you close the door?

Yes, I closed the door.

Can you play football?

Yes, I played football at school.

Have you ever worked?

Yes I worked in a bank.

Do you think that is easy to judge?

Yes, I do, I judged it myself.

Where did you hide?

I hid up a tree.

Did you talk for long?

Yes, I talked for two hours.

Exercises Lesson 31

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice