I want to learn English- Do you want to learn English? – In English the infinitive has “to” before the verb.
I want to run- I want to eat- he wants to run- she learns how to speak English.
Do I want to run in the park? Yes, you want to run in the park.
Where do you want to eat? Do you want to eat English food? What food do you want?
Why do you want to eat? I want to eat because I am hungry.
To run; I run; you run; she runs; he runs; it runs; we run; you run; they run.
To eat; I eat; you eat; he eats; she eats; it eats; we eat; you eat; they eat.
In English, we put an s after a verb with He, She and It
We put an s after nouns in the plural.
A dog, The Dogs, a park the parks, a cousin, the cousins
Revision of the positive form:
a/ Please note that the third person singular (he, she, it) has a different ending to all the others. We add -s
b/ Verb + -es
I finish > he finishes, she finishes, it finishes
I go > he goes, she goes, it goes
I do > he does, she does, it does
c/ Verb ending in a consonant + y, we remove the -y and add +ies:
I fly > he flies, she flies, it flies
I study > he studies, she studies
d/ Certain verbs are also conjugated totally differently, for instance: “to do”, “to be”, “to have” and “can”:
Question and negative forms in the present simple / simple present.
We have to use the auxiliary “do” to form the negative and interrogative forms.
I love travelling.
I don’t like taking the bus. / I do not like taking the bus.
Do you like taking the tube? / Do you not like taking the tube? / Don’t you like taking the tube?
Let’s start by conjugating the verb “to do”
Please note that the third person singular (he, she, it) has a different ending to all the others.
Negative form: long and short forms
I do not > I don’t
You do not > you don’t
He does not > he doesn’t
She does not > she doesn’t
It does not > it doesn’t
We do not > we don’t
You do not > you don’t
They do not > they don’t
Positive question form – Long negative question form – Short negative question form
Do I…? – Do I not…? – Don’t I…?
Do you…? – Do you not…? – Don’t you…?
Does he…? – Does he not…? – Doesn’t he…?
Does she…? – Does she not…? – Doesn’t she…?
Does it…? – Does it not…? – Doesn’t he…?
Do we…? – Do we not…? – Don’t we…?
Do you…? – Do you not…? – Don’t you not…?
Do they…? – Do they not…? – Don’t they not…?
We use “do” or “does” to make a question int he simple present tense, except for questions with the verb “to be” and modal verbs like “can”.
“Do” + S + V + O + ?
Do + I/you/we/they + verb + object + ?
Do you speak English?
“Does” + S + V + O + ?
Does + he/she/it + verb + object + ?
Does he speak English?
I speak English.
I don’t speak Portuguese.
Do you speak Spanish?
Don’t you speak Italian?
Do you not speak French?
Do you want to learn English?
Yes, I want to learn English.
Do they want to run in the park?
No, they do not want to run in the park.
Why do they not want to run in the park?
They do not want to run in the park because they are hungry.
What do they want to eat?
I do not know what they want to eat.
When do they want to eat?
They want to eat now.
Why do they want to eat now?
They want to eat now because they are hungry
Are the dogs in the park?
There is a dog in the park.
Have you a cousin?
I have three cousins, one boy and two girls.
Do you have a brother?
I have three brothers and one sister.
Do you have a sister?
I have three sisters and two brothers.