Lesson 58

lesson 58

Dialogue

1/ Sentence Practice

Is that a grammar book that you are reading?

Yes, I am reading about adjectives. Adjectives describe things. They generally come in front of nouns.

They have one form and do not change for singular and plural or before masculine and feminine nouns.

Adjectives, respect a certain hierarchy. The order in which they appear is not random

Opinion/quality.

Size.

Age.

Shape.

Temperature.

Colour.

Where it comes from.

What it is made of.

What it is for.

That’s quite interesting.

Thanks Susan for booking the Spanish holiday, it seems really interesting.

You’re becoming easier to please. It is getting hot in Alicante and it is only May.

I’m not awake yet, I’m still half asleep. I was doing the packing until two o’clock this morning.

You look a bit tired. You appear to be half asleep.

I see that we are going to stay at the well-known resort of Javea.

It is an interesting small not too old resort.

It has a typical hot Mediterranean sandy seafront.

It has a beach that is very hot but in summer it is extremely hot.

It sounds very superb. I am only joking. I know there are some adjectives you can not grade.

Although you can intensify them. It sounds really superb.

I am sure it will be absolutely wonderful.

I hear that there is a famous big old round gothic marble wishing well in the town.

If there is something that is interesting you will know about it, Susan.

I am never surprised or bored by your general knowledge.

When we are about to take off don’t be frightened.

I won’t be, I find flying exhilarating.

Vocabulary

 2/Vocabulary Practice

  • Adjectives
  • grammar book
  • reading about adjectives.
  • to describe
  • generally
  • come in front
  • nouns.
  • a form
  • to change
  •  singular
  • plural
  • masculine
  • feminine
  • respect
  • hierarchy
  • the order
  • appear
  • random
  • Opinion/quality.
  • Size.
  • Age.
  • Shape.
  • Temperature
  • Colour.
  • Where it comes from
  • What it is made of
  • What it is for
  • That’s quite interesting
  • to book a holiday
  • easier to please.
  • It is getting hot
  • I’m not awake yet
  • I’m still half asleep
  •  doing the packing
  • to look tired.
  • to stay at
  • well-known
  • resort
  •  interesting
  • sandy seafront.
  • It sounds
  •  I am only joking.
  •  to grade
  • to intensify them
  • absolutely wonderful
  • round
  • gothic
  • marble
  • wishing well
  • to know about
  • to be surprised
  • to be bored by your general knowledge
  • about to
  • take off to
  • be frightened,
  • to find exhilarating.

 

Grammar

Order of adjectives

What is the general order of adjectives?

the general order of adjectives before a noun or noun group is the following:

determiner + observation + physical description (size, shape, age, colour) + origin + material + qualifier + NOUN

Examples:

a beautiful old red Italian racing car

an expensive big antique gold mirror

that delicious traditional Thai recipe

Several tall young American football players

DETERMINER

opinion – furthest to the noun = attitude, observations: lovely, nice, delicious, difficult…

size = size, height: huge, big, small, tiny, little…

shape = shape, weight, length: square, round, long, fat, oval, flat…

condition = condition, state: rich, hungry, clean, wet…

age = how old is it?: new, old, antique, young, modern…

colour = approximate colour, colour: purple, blue, reddish, golden, green, white…

pattern = design, pattern: flower, zigzag, checked, stripy…

origin = where is it from?: British, American, French, Thai, Chinese…

material = what is it made of?: gold, wooden, plastic, synthetic, cotton, cardboard, paper…

purpose – closest to the noun = what is it used for?: riding, shopping, gardening, frying, dining, sleeping…

NOUN

Before adjectives we would also have a determiner, generally speaking: a, an, the, this, those, her, your, my, our, some…

Questions and Answers

Questions and Answers

What is that old red book you are reading?

It’s a highly entertaining novel.

What is that new Spanish restaurant like?

It has warm welcoming atmosphere.

Are the beaches hot and sandy?

Yes, and they are clean and not too crowded.

Was your holiday absolutely wonderful?

It could not have been better, thank you.

Is that the big famous gothic monument everybody goes on about?

Yes, except for it’s early renaissance.

How do you find flying?

I find flying exhilarating.

Your not easy to please, are you?

It depends what you mean by easy.

Is it my imagination or is it very hot? 

No, you are right it is extremely hot.

Isn’t that book good?

Good? I think it is riveting.

Are you flying with easyjet?

I don’t know what is easy about them.

Pronunciation

https://youtu.be/aQn3TXWLaMoHi,  and welcomeToday let’s look at along vowel sound ah. Let’s get ready to pronounce, your lips are apart, the mouth is wide open, it’s a bit like yawning, so your jaw is slightly down, your tongue is relaxed, theback of your tongue is down.Let’s practice, ah, father, arm, shark. Here are some more examples arch heart laugh, half.

let’s repeat ah, father, arm, shark. Here are some more examples arch heart laugh, half.

Now test time, how would you pronounce these words? marble, aunt, craft.That’s it for today see you soon.

Exercises Lesson 58

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice

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