Lesson 56

Dialogue

1/Sentence Practice

I am glad you are feeling better John. No one is happier than me. No man can live his life without a few health problems.

None of the tests showed you have any complications. We can plan the holidays.

Have you got any barbecue sauce? there is none left.

I thought we had some jars but you say there are none left.

None of the shops had stocked up.

All of the Booking sites that I looked for on the internet had interesting offers.

Even though it is the last minute, not all of the holidays have been booked. Some are left.

I think the birds have eaten all the food I put out for them.  I think we are all wrong about the birds.

All I could see were squirrels.

Anyway, I want to know everything about the holidays.

Most holiday packages are full board.

I would like to eat most of the meals in the town, it is more cosmopolitan.

Imagine if all of the other people in the hotel come from England.

I will look at each hotel, to find the best deal. Each one has its own charm.

I would like to know the whole story. Tell me when you have finished your research.

Vocabulary

2/Vocabulary Practice

  • None
  • Each
  • all
  • to be glad
  • feeling better
  •  happier than
  •  a few health problems.
  • None of the tests
  • to show
  • any complications
  • to plan the holidays.
  • Have you got any?
  • barbecue sauce
  • there isn’t any left.
  • some jars
  • there are none left
  • None of the shops
  • to stock up.
  • Booking sites
  • on the internet
  • interesting offers.
  • Even though
  • the last minute
  • some left.
  • the birds have eaten all the foo
  • to put out for them.
  •  we are all wrong about
  • All I could see
  •  to know everything about
  • Most holiday packages are full board.
  • to eat most of the meals
  • more cosmopolitan.
  • all of the people
  • to look at each hotel
  •  the best deal
  • Each one
  • to have its own charm
  • to know the whole story.
  • tell me when
  • the research.
  •  

Grammar

All, no, none, each, every, either, neither, both

They can take on the role of: pronoun, conjunction, adverb, or determiner!

“All” shows the amount of something. It can also be followed but the amount of something

Who used all (of) the paper?

All the stains have disappeared. > The stains have all disappeared. (used for emphasis).

They all arrived on time.

All I want for Christmas is snow. (We also use “all” instead of “all the things”)

But we use “everything” instead of “all” when it means “all the things”:

Everything went wrong.

Thanks for everything!

Also, we use “everybody: instead of “all” when it means “all the people”:

Everybody has arrived.

He knew everybody there.

“No” is used to show the quantity of something. It is equivalent to “not any”.

There is no tickets left.

No students have signed up yet.

We also use “no” to emphasise the lack of something:

We have no time / We don’t have any time.

There are no tickets. / There aren’t any tickets.

“None” means “no of” + NOUN (which doesn’t exist). We can also use “none” by itself.

None of the movies I suggested seemed to appeal to him.

None of the juries seemed to agree.

How many attended? – None at all! (emphatic form)

“none” can be followed with by a singular noun and a plural noun

None of the witnesses has arrived. (more formal)

None of the witnesses have arrived. (everyday English, spoken English)

“Each” and “every” have very similar meanings and are often interchangeable.

Each time I come here I get bad service.

Every time I come here I get bad service.

Although “each” actually refers to a single item in a group whereas with “every” we tend to refer to the items in a group as a whole.

I like every song he writes.

Each member of the band is unique.

“each” can also refer to 2 items, whereas “every” can’t

He kissed her on each cheek.

He hugged every one of them.

“each of” exists whereas “every of” does not:

Each of them received a certificate of completion.

“each” can be placed after the subject or at the end of the sentence:

They each received a certificate of completion. / Each of them received a certificate of completion.

They received a certificate of completion each.

“every” is used more for repeated actions:

I do yoga every day.

I make fresh orange juice every day.

“Both”, “Either”, and “Neither”:

1/ “Both” = two of two things

“Both” can be used directly before a noun.

“Both” is often used with “of”.

“Both” can be used with “and”.

I have two cousins. I like both of them.

I would recommend both restaurants.

Both of their children like swimming.

Did both of them wear red?

Both Frank and James attended.

2/ “Neither” = not one or the other of two things

“Neither” can be used directly before a noun.

“Neither” is often used with “of”.

“Neither” can be used with “nor”.

Don’t forget that “neither” is followed by a verb in the singular or plural form.

Neither of my dogs is trained.

Neither of them are friendly. > Neither of them is friendly.

Neither of the children likes football.

Neither of us will be late.

Neither the first nor the second option were good.

3/ “Either” = one or the other

“Either” can be used directly before a noun.

“Either” is often used with “of”.

“Either” can be used with “or”.

There are two options. You can choose either.

Choose either, I don’t mind.

Either of them is fine.

Have either of you got your driving licence?

You have to go either left or right.

Questions and Answers

4/Questions and Answers

Are you feeling better?

 I am rather, thank you.

Are there any left over, from the party?

None what so ever unfortunately.

Have you checked each one thoroughly?

Yes, I have checked them all.

Were all the cards there?

I checked each one and there were none missing.

Do you check your emails each day?

 Yes I do all year round.

What would you like to know exactly?

I would like to know everything.

Would you like breakfast each morning?

 It depends on how I feel.

Can you check all the luggage?

Yes, I will check each bag.

Do you know the whole story?

Yes each and every detail.

Can you imagine if everybody did that?

No I can’t.

Pronunciation

Hi,  let’s look at another vowel sound called diphthong also pronounced diphthong ai, keep your mouth wide open
with your tongue going up at the front, I fly, light, tried, might ,apply, stylish, lie.
 

let’s repeat:

I, fly, light, tried, might ,apply, stylish, lie.

Now test time, how would you pronounce these words?

The answer is buy, July, white.

That’s it for today, see you soon.

Exercises Lesson 56

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice