Types of clauses and examples in English grammar Lesson 87

Lesson 87


1/ Sentence Practice

So, you sent the letter off to the University and I hope you don’t kick yourself for it later.

You know me, that I think there is no point in crying over spilled milk. Having made several terrible decisions in the past, I am not particularly nervous about this one.

If the project does not work out, I will probably be as sick as a parrot but I will not look back in anger about leaving university.

Sitting in the waiting room, I could hear you talking to the nurse about moving. You have made up your mind for the both of us.

She was the nurse looking after us last year and I remember that her husband is an estate agent. It’s such a small world, isn’t it?

Being frightened of needles, I told her that you were not looking forward to the injection.

That would explain her condescending manner. I will try and keep my hair on and not to fly off the handle.

I will just grin and bear it, however when you were having your injection and having found a moment to myself I found an estate agent that stays open until late.

I will give you a taste of your own medicine and I have made an appointment for us in one hour, given the chance we should definitely take it.

I’m hardly going to give that a miss and I am not going to look a gift horse in the mouth.

So you’re not up in arms about it. Not on your life, let’s pay for the groceries and be on our way.

I have had a look on the internet to simulate the payments on a mortgage.

I was looking at the price of a house like ours and deducting the outstanding loan and then I combined our incomes to estimate how much money we could borrow.

So i think we could look at houses of about 450k providing your uncle gives us the 50K.

I think that is about right, we could even stretch it to 500k if there was something special.

Having worked out our budget, we can now talk seriously with the agent.

Try as I might I can’t keep a grin off my face. I would really love to move somewhere out of town.

Even though we go away often, it’s not the same as living somewhere nice all the time.

I would like to live a life of luxury away from the hubbub of life in the city.

Hang on a minute, how far do you want to move out?

Anywhere within a 40-mile radius of London preferably towards Dorking or Guildford.

That is hardly in the middle of nowhere, we can still stay in contact with our friends and family whilst being near an international airport and not far from the sea.

I must say this all seems to be well thought out and very agreeable.

Do not forget the importance of a powerful internet connection, because without it, I will find it impossible to realise my project.

To live successfully from an online business is the dream of every young entrepreneur.

My job will be to give people a better education at a very reasonable price.

Here is a bus, we can arrive at our destination in time, perhaps to look around the area. The estate agents office is at a stone’s throw from the railway station.

I doubt if we shall have the time to visit anywhere today but we can certainly get the feel of the place, an idea of what we can realistically acquire with our budget.

I must say it is not always clever to be the first to do something. The first commercial railways were used in England but today our railways seem archaic compared to other countries. It’s the same with the underground system, it was the first in the world and today it seems the least modern.

You’re not getting nostalgic about Great Britain, are you?

Certainly not, I agree with Samuel Johnston that Patriotism is the Last Refuge of the Scoundrel.

I even think that being European is a touch parochial, I was merely lamenting the sorry state of transport in and around the city.

I think the next stop is our one, don’t forget the umbrella.


1/ Sentence Practice



2/Vocabulary Practice

  • to kick yourself
  • crying over spilled milk.
  • to be as sick as a parrot
  • to look back in anger
  • to make up one’s mind
  • it’s  a small world
  • looking forward to
  • condescending manner.
  • Keep one’s hair on
  • to fly off the handle.
  • to grin and bear it
  • to find a moment to oneself.
  • a taste of your own medicine
  • to give a miss
  • to look a gift horse in the mouth.
  • to be up in arms about something
  • Not on your life
  • to be on our way.
  • to simulate the payments on a mortgage.
  • deducting
  • to stretch to
  • a life of luxury
  • the hubbub
  • Hang on a minute
  • in the middle of nowhere
  • to be well thought out
  • to look around
  • a stone’s throw from
  • to get nostalgic
  • Patriotism is the Last Refuge of the Scoundrel.
  • parochial
  • to lament


More about clauses: types and use in sentences.

Types of clauses:

1. independent clauses = main clauses. Coordinated clauses means 2 main clauses linked with a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) or with a semicolon (;):

I have to find a new job, for I am unemployed.

He is very friendly, so everyone likes him.

I will take the kids to school and you can take grandma to the supermarket.

Sandra has such a wonderful voice; many have asked her whether she sang professionally

After she had eaten dinner, she went out.

Even though she doesn’t enjoy driving, she takes the car to work every day.

They had to leave early because they hadn’t booked the baby-sitter for the whole evening.

2. dependent clauses, = subordinate clauses. Relative clauses are an example of a dependent clause. A dependent clause is linked to a main clause, thanks to a relative pronoun, (whose, that, which, who, whom…) or a subordinating conjunction, (even though, now that, before, because, even if, rather than, whether, while…).

This is the swimming pool that I often come to.

She is the neighbour who just moved in last week.

That is the new PC which/that I told you about.

That is the student whose grades have gone up.

Use of clauses in sentences. Clauses can play a variety of roles within a sentence. A dependent clause can act as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.

1.The dependent clause is a noun clause:

I can’t remember what was said in last week’s class. – Here the dependent clause acts as a noun.

2. The dependent clause is an adjective clause:

My car, which is red and brand new, is parked just outside. – Here the dependent clause acts as an adjective.

3, The dependent clause is an adverbial clause:

He no longer wanted to ski again after he fell and hurt himself that year.Here the dependent clause acts as an adverb.

Questions and Answers

Questions and Answers

Have you made up your mind?

Yes and I have decided to give it a miss.

Do you have to speak to him in such a condescending manner?

I’m sorry I wasn’t aware that I did.

Can you stand the hubbub of city life?

I could not live without it.

Have you any idea where we are?

I would say in the middle of nowhere.

Is that play well thought of?

Yes and I am looking forward to watching it.

Didn’t he write “Look back in anger?”

Hang on a minute, you’re right.

Why do you fly off the handle like that?

What am I supposed to do, grin and bear it?

How important is a good education?

I think a good education is very important.

What is the dream of every young entrepreneur?

I suppose it is the money rather than the fame.

Are you going to accept that gift?

Well I’m hardly going to look a gift horse in the mouth.

Exercises Lesson 87

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice

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