Explaining Adjectives and adverbs in English Beginners course Lesson 6

The Adjectives and adverbs are used to describe things in English: clear (adjective) – clearly (adverb)

He is quick. (adjective)

He speaks quickly. (adverb)

Let’s look at adjectives!

Characteristics of an adjective, a word describing a noun:

  • describe people
  • describe places
  • describe things
Adjectives and adverbs in English
English Beginners Course Lesson about how to use adjectives and adverbs in English.

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Hi students welcome back, I’m Julia your online teacher and I’m here to greet you
and introduce you to lesson five. Now lesson five has a brand new grammar
point which is possessive adjectives examples, possessive adjectives are also called
possessive determiners. Why is that it is because when we use it as an article as
a determiner. It appears before the noun, so I can say my that is my, my phone, my
cat. Okay so that’s why it has two names you could name it as you wish but it’s
good to know that those two labels actually refer to the same thing. So
that’s the grammar point, as usual I would like to encourage you to focus a
lot on pronunciation on spelling and on building your own sentences so as to
feel confident when writing listening and speaking. So do not skip any of the
parts of the lesson I think it’s very important to follow all the different
sections that appear here. So the dialogue the vocabulary the grammar the
questions and answers and we will then coincide again towards the end for our
recap video and for those who are new to the course the recap video is me again
appearing and to run through the highlights the main points of today’s
lesson. So today as I’ve said the grammar point is the possessive adjectives but
we will also run through the vocabulary and sometimes I use the points of
the day as a pretext to then tell you about something completely different. But
that’s the order of things so I hope that you enjoy the lesson if you have
any doubts please do not hesitate to post your comments. If you like our
videos give it a like and I will see you a little later.

1/English Sentence Practice

Hello, how are you? – I am well, how are you?

I am ill. – What is wrong? – I’m not sure.

How is your appetite? – It is good, thank you.

My brother is ill also. – Is it the flu?

How is your temperature? – It is high.

Is your brother well? – No, his temperature is high.

It is the flu. – You are right, I am sure.

Where are your parents? – They are here.

How are they? – They are well, thank you.

What are their names? – Their names are Frank and Janet.

That’s right! I remember now.


2/ English Vocabulary Practice

  • Hello!
  • How are you?
  • I am well.
  • I am ill.
  • the flu
  • also
  • temperature
  • healthy
  • happy
  • difficult
  • easy
  • fast
  • to be sure
  • I am not sure.
  • to be right
  • You are right.
  • That is right!
  • To remember
  • Now
  • What is wrong?
  • Thank you!
  • Appetite
  • high temperature

English Grammar

3/ Adjectives and adverbs

Adjectives and adverbs are used to describe things: clear (adjective) – clearly (adverb)

He is quick. (adjective)

He speaks quickly. (adverb)

Let’s look at adjectives!

Characteristics of an adjective, a word describing a noun:

  • describe people
  • describe places
  • describe things
  • describe objects…

Adjectives tell us more about a noun. “Adjectives” is commonly abbreviated “adj.”

Adjectives are generally used before nouns and after the verbs “to be”, “to feel”, and “to seem”. Adjectives answer the questions: Which one? How many? What kind?



an English teacher

English teachers

He is English.


a happy student

happy students

We are happy.


a difficult lesson

difficult lessons

This is difficult.


an easy lesson

easy lessons

This is easy.


a healthy diet

healthy meals

a healthy lifestyle


an ill man

ill people

I am feeling ill.


Adverbs describe adjectives, verbs or other adverbs (actions…) and “adverbs” are abbreviated “adv.”

Adverbs tell us what way someone does something or in what way something happens.

Adverbs appear after verbs.

Appears answer the questions: How? Where? When?


she is well, he works well, he works slowly

Some words are used both as adjectives and adverbs:

I work daily. (adverb)

My daily tasks include…. (adjective)


I speak fast. (adverb)

He is a fast learner. (adjective)


I sometimes arrive late. (adverb)

The bus is late. (adjective)


I work hard. (adverb)

The exercise is hard. (adjective)

Questions and Answers

4/ English Speaking Practise

How are you ?
I am well thank you, how are you?

How is your mother?
My mother is ill.

What is wrong with her?
She has the flu.

How are your uncle and auntie?
They are well, thank you.

Where are they?
They are not here.

When are they here?
They are here tomorrow.

What are their names?
Their names are Frank and Janet.

How is your appetite?
My appetite is good, thank you.

What is wrong?
I am not sure.

Is it the flu?
Yes, you are right, it is the flu.

Lesson 6 recap with Julia

Hi guys and welcome back!

Let’s do the recap of lesson 6 together! Let’s look at all the difficult words that appear in this dialogue and in the grammar point!

Let’s start off with a list of random words which I know most of my students would struggle with.

Let’s look at the words together:


Just repeat after me each time to practise!



The “S” is actually pronounced “SH”.


This is a strange one: high

Why is it spelled “GH”? Who knows!


This one also is quite difficult because we’re going to eat up one of the syllables.



And finally:



Those words were chosen because some of the sounds are difficult and some of the words have to be stressed in a certain manner. Watch this video a couple of times and really practise those words so as to pronounce them properly nice and clearly.

There’s a silent letter again in this particular lesson. It’s the silent “W”:


We do not pronounce the “W””


It is just like in the following words:


Please do not pronounce it that way! Pronounce it well.

Repeat after me: wrong, answer, right, wrist, sword, whole…

Here is a quick grammar review!

Today you have learned a lot of grammar. You’ve learned adjectives and adverbs.

How do we create adverbs?

We generally add -LY to the end of the adjective:

“clear” (adjective)

her English is clear

she speaks clearly

the train is slow

he drives slowly

she is happy

she works happily

they are healthy

they eat healthily

And of course there are lots of exceptions! There are adverbs that aren’t formed that simply.

For instance: good – well

And there are words that are used as adjectives and adverbs.

You saw examples like:

daily, hard, fast…

So get some practice with the activities!

Also pay attention to the spelling of the adverb!

The example I gave before was:

happy” it ends with a “Y” so we have to remove the “Y” and add an “i” and then add “LY”

happy – happily

There are some spelling changes also!

Please get some practice!

That’s it for today! So I’ll see you soon! Bye bye!

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