Compound nouns explained with English with exercises and examples Lesson 55




In this English lesson 55 we explain, “Compound nouns”, in English

Compound nouns
How to use compound nouns in English

Dialogue

1/English Sentence Practice

John has arrived home and he is now in the living room contemplating where to go on holiday.

It has just occurred to him how funny the English language is sometimes.

His realisation has been sparked by him brushing up on his French grammar.

In particular how a noun is often used as an adjective.

He has been looking out the living room window. The first noun does not have a plural, this is called a compound noun.

Where’s the window? It is in the living room:

What is the screen on the wall? It is  is part of the television hence the television screen?

What does a coffee pot contain? It is a pot to put coffee in.

What type of belt do I wear? I wear a trouser belt to keep my trousers up.

What is a bottle opener for.I am thirsty and I would like a glass of sparkling water. How do I open the bottle?

His wife Susan enters and says “A penny for your thoughts dear”.

I was studying French and it occurred to me that compound nouns in English are always in the singular.

Not always dear. This is English. For every rule in English, there are exceptions.

If a word is always in the plural then it will be in the compound noun, Clothespeg. It’s not clothpeg,

Don’t forget that short nouns are stuck together; teapot, some are separated with hyphens bus-stop.

Some are just written side by side. I will get you a bottle opener for your sparkling water.

We use the s as an apostrophe if one thing belongs to another. John’s chair and Susan’s cup.

Let’s discuss John’s holiday.

English Vocabulary Practise

2/Vocabulary Practice
  • Compound nouns
  • to contemplate
  • It has just occurred to him
  • how funny
  • sometimes.
  • the realisation
  • sparked off by
  • to brush up
  • French grammar
  • In particular
  • how a noun is often used as an adjective
  • looking out the
  • window.
  • The first noun does not have a plural this is called a compound noun.
  •  the living room:
  •  hence
  • the television screen?
  •  coffee pot
  • to contain
  • What type of ?
  • trouser belt
  • to keep up.
  •  bottle opener
  •  sparkling water.
  • “A penny for your thoughts dear”
  • it occurred to me
  • Not always
  •  for every rule, there is an exception.
  • Cloathespeg.
  • to stick together
  •  teapot
  •  hyphen
  •  bus-stop.
  • side by side.
  • an apostrophe
  • to belong to another
  • John’s chair
  • Susan’s cup.
  • Let’s discuss
  • John’s holiday.

English Grammar

Compound Nouns in English

Compound nouns can be

1/ joined

a tooth + brush = toothbrush

housekeeper

a showcase

a bookmark

a football

2/ separated

post + office = the post office

ice cream

music box

dining room

3/ hyphenated

water + bottle = water-bottle

mother-in-law

runner-up

great-grandmother

Some nouns can consist of more than one word. These are called compound nouns. Compound nouns can be formed in a variety of ways.

Do remember that a gerund is the -ing form of a verb used as a noun. It is a noun, i.e. swimming is fun!

1/ noun + noun (The most common way is to put two nouns together)

football

eggplant

armchair

fireman

bathroom

seafood

skydiving

airport

swimmingpool

washing machine

driving licence

rocking chair

2/ adjective + noun

software

redwood

drycleaning

greenhouse

blackbird

whiteboard

3/ adverb or preposition (prefix)+ noun

upstairs

downstairs

underground

4/ noun + verb

rainfall

haircut

5/ verb + adverb or particle

drawback

giveaway

checkout

6/ preposition + verb

output

underwear

outsource

income

bypass

7/ three word compounds

washing-up liquid

father-in-law

bird of prey

English Speaking Practise

Questions and Answers

Is that coffee pot new?

No, I got it a year ago?

How big is that television screen?

55 or 60, I’m not sure.

Do you need a trouser belt?

Yes, can you pass me one?

Was that John waiting at the bus-stop?

Sorry, I wasn’t paying attention.

Where are you?

I am in the bedroom.

Would you like a glass of something?

Yes I would, I will get the bottle opener.

Can I have that cup?

No, it is Sara’s cup.

Who does this chair belong to?

It’s John’s chair.

Did it ever occur to you that I might be tired?

It did occur to me, so we are going home.

Is there anything you would like to do in particular?

No, I’m happy just looking out the window.

Pronunciation

YY
Let’s discover some consonant sounds together sh, this is voiceless so expulse air. Your mouth is slightly rounded, your tongue is upwards towards your palate, sh, ocean, fish, international,machine, shallow, Russia, ashes.let’s repeat sh, ocean, fish, international,machine, shallow, Russia, ashes.

Now test time, how would you pronounce these words?

The answer is; sugar, fashion, delicious.That’s it for today see you soon.

Lesson 55 recap with Julia.

Conditional Clauses or If Clauses explained in English Lesson 51
Reported speech exercises and examples in English in Lesson 52
Passive voice exercises and examples explained in lesson 53
Causative verbs with exercises and examples lesson 54
Compound nouns explained with English with exercises and examples Lesson 55
All, no, none, each every either neither exercises pdf Lesson 56
Indefinite Pronouns examples some any or no explained in English Lesson 57
Order of adjectives exercises with explanations in English Lesson 58
Spelling rules of adverbs explained in English, Lesson 59
Superlatives and comparatives pdf explained in English Lesson 60
prepositional verbs with meanings and explanations Lesson 61
Time expressions and tenses explained in English Lesson 62
phrasal verbs list with an explanation in English Lesson 63
Transitive and intransitive phrasal verbs definition in English Lesson 64
list of conjunctions in english with examples explained Lesson 65
Difference between relative pronouns and relative clauses in English 66
Relative pronouns examples with explanations in English Lesson 67
Adverbial clauses with examples and exercises Lesson 68
Expressions of time present continuous and other tenses Lesson 69
Present simple and present continuous exercises pdf English Lesson 70

Exercises Lesson 55

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice



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