In this English lesson 55 we explain, “Compound nouns”, in English
1/English Sentence Practice
John has arrived home and he is now in the living room contemplating where to go on holiday.
It has just occurred to him how funny the English language is sometimes.
His realisation has been sparked by him brushing up on his French grammar.
In particular how a noun is often used as an adjective.
He has been looking out the living room window. The first noun does not have a plural, this is called a compound noun.
Where’s the window? It is in the living room:
What is the screen on the wall? It is is part of the television hence the television screen?
What does a coffee pot contain? It is a pot to put coffee in.
What type of belt do I wear? I wear a trouser belt to keep my trousers up.
What is a bottle opener for.I am thirsty and I would like a glass of sparkling water. How do I open the bottle?
His wife Susan enters and says “A penny for your thoughts dear”.
I was studying French and it occurred to me that compound nouns in English are always in the singular.
Not always dear. This is English. For every rule in English, there are exceptions.
If a word is always in the plural then it will be in the compound noun, Clothespeg. It’s not clothpeg,
Don’t forget that short nouns are stuck together; teapot, some are separated with hyphens bus-stop.
Some are just written side by side. I will get you a bottle opener for your sparkling water.
We use the s as an apostrophe if one thing belongs to another. John’s chair and Susan’s cup.
Let’s discuss John’s holiday.
English Vocabulary Practise
- Compound nouns
- to contemplate
- It has just occurred to him
- how funny
- the realisation
- sparked off by
- to brush up
- French grammar
- In particular
- how a noun is often used as an adjective
- looking out the
- The first noun does not have a plural this is called a compound noun.
- the living room:
- the television screen?
- coffee pot
- to contain
- What type of ?
- trouser belt
- to keep up.
- bottle opener
- sparkling water.
- “A penny for your thoughts dear”
- it occurred to me
- Not always
- for every rule, there is an exception.
- to stick together
- side by side.
- an apostrophe
- to belong to another
- John’s chair
- Susan’s cup.
- Let’s discuss
- John’s holiday.
Compound Nouns in English
Compound nouns can be
a tooth + brush = toothbrush
post + office = the post office
water + bottle = water-bottle
Some nouns can consist of more than one word. These are called compound nouns. Compound nouns can be formed in a variety of ways.
Do remember that a gerund is the -ing form of a verb used as a noun. It is a noun, i.e. swimming is fun!
1/ noun + noun (The most common way is to put two nouns together)
2/ adjective + noun
3/ adverb or preposition (prefix)+ noun
4/ noun + verb
5/ verb + adverb or particle
6/ preposition + verb
7/ three word compounds
bird of prey
English Speaking Practise
Questions and Answers
Is that coffee pot new?
No, I got it a year ago?
How big is that television screen?
55 or 60, I’m not sure.
Do you need a trouser belt?
Yes, can you pass me one?
Was that John waiting at the bus-stop?
Sorry, I wasn’t paying attention.
Where are you?
I am in the bedroom.
Would you like a glass of something?
Yes I would, I will get the bottle opener.
Can I have that cup?
No, it is Sara’s cup.
Who does this chair belong to?
It’s John’s chair.
Did it ever occur to you that I might be tired?
It did occur to me, so we are going home.
Is there anything you would like to do in particular?
No, I’m happy just looking out the window.
Let’s discover some consonant sounds together sh, this is voiceless so expulse air. Your mouth is slightly rounded, your tongue is upwards towards your palate, sh, ocean, fish, international,machine, shallow, Russia, ashes.let’s repeat sh, ocean, fish, international,machine, shallow, Russia, ashes.
Now test time, how would you pronounce these words?
The answer is; sugar, fashion, delicious.That’s it for today see you soon.
Lesson 55 recap with Julia.
Exercises Lesson 55