Possessive adjectives explained English course Lesson 5
Learn how to use Possessive adjectives in English, such as: there, here, there is, there are, or, here is, here are demonstrative determiners, or, demonstrative adjectives, as well as possessive determiners “my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their”.
1/ Sentence Practice
- Here is my family.
- There is my sister. She is a dentist. My sister is a dentist. Her name is Natasha.
- Here is my brother. He is an engineer. My brother is an engineer. His name is William.
- You are my siblings. I am your brother.
- Natasha and William are my siblings. They are my siblings. Their names are William and Natasha.
- There are my parents. They are my parents. My mother and my father are here.
- We have cousins. Our cousins are Frank and Harry. Their names are Frank and Harry.
- Who is your aunt? My aunt is Jane. She is there.
- Where is your uncle? My uncle is here. His name is Jack.
- Where are your grandparents? They are here. My grandmother is called Janet and my grandfather is called Robert. Their names are Janet and Robert.
- Why is your name Tom? My grandfather is called Tom. His name is Tom. My name is Tom. Our name is Tom.
- Is Robert his cousin? No, Robert is not his cousin. James is his cousin.
- Here it is. There she is. This is her aunt. That is his aunt.
- Where is our family? Your family is there. My family is here. There’s my aunt. Here’s my uncle.
Vocabulary for Determinants
2/ Vocabulary Practice
- a family – the family
- a name – names
- a mother – mothers
- a father – fathers
- my parents
- a brother- brothers
- a sister – sisters
- a sibling – siblings
- an aunt – aunts
- an uncle – uncles
- a cousin – cousins
- a grandmother – grandmothers
- a grandfather – grandfathers
- your grandparents
3/How to use Possessive determinants and there different forms.
Possessive adjectives, also called possessive determiners, are words used in place of articles, to show ownership or relationships between people. They are placed before the noun in a sentence. The possessive adjectives refer to the owner of the object. There are different forms depending on whether the noun is singular or plural:
Singular: My, Your, His, Her, Its
Plural: Our, Your, Their
We go from subject pronoun to possessive adjective (also known as possessive determiner):
I > my
You > your
He > his
She > her
It > its
We > our
You > your
They > their
Be careful with the spelling of “its”, to not be confused with the contracted form of the verb to be: “it’s” (it is). They are two different things!
Notice how “their”, “they’re” and “there” are all three pronounced identically.
Questions and Answers
4/ Questions and Answers
Where is your family?
Here is my family.
Who is your sister?
She is my sister.
Why is your aunt here?
She is here because she is not there.
How is your car?
My car is red.
When is your birthday?
My birthday is today.
How are you?
I am well.
Who are your siblings?
Robert and Jane are my siblings.
Where are your siblings?
They are here.
When is your uncle here?
He is here now.
Why is she a dentist?
She is a dentist because she is a good dentist.
I hope you understand what possessive adjectives are and how to use them.
English Lesson 5 Recap with Julia
Let’s do the recap of Lesson 5 together! The focus of this video is mainly pronunciation today. We are going to start with the family members or relatives.
A common mistake that I hear in the classroom is:
Repeat after me:
A COUSIN / COUSINS
Then we have another difficult word:
She is my aunt.
AUNT and AREN’T are pronounced the same way!
Another word today is:
uncle, an uncle
He is my uncle.
They are my uncles.
This word isn’t difficult:
But some of my students say “
my fathers” (wrong) instead of “my parents”.
Depending on your mother tongue that example won’t make any sense whatsoever! If you are a Spanish speaker you will understand why I am mentioning this.
These 3 words contain a silent /D/:
You can choose to pronounce the sound /D/ or not. We don’t hear the /D/: it is a silent letter.
We saw it a silent “U” before:
And today we are seeing the silent “D”
Other examples containing the silent /D/:
You can pronounce the “d” The /D/ is only very slightly pronounced. It is still considered a silent letter.
Let’s pronounce the grammar you learned today!
The possessive determiners that are also called possessive adjectives by certain teachers. The demonstrative pronouns are also called demonstrative adjectives.
Repeat after me:
your (long vowels)
our (this word has 2 pronunciations /aue/ or /aaaa/ like the verb to be “are”: our
parents, our grandparents…)
Let’s carry on with the list!
You may have noticed this already:
All three words are pronounced the same way!
That’s it for today!
I’ll see you soon!
Exercises Lesson 5