What why how when where who in English Beginners course lesson 4




In Lesson 4 of the English course we explain how to use the what why how when where who Question Words in English.

How to ask a question in English
How to use the Who, When, What, Why, Which, Where, and How Question Words in English.

Dialogue

1/ Sentence Practice with what why how when where who.

  • Where is a good dentist?
  • Where is the fireman?
  • Where is the flight attendant?
  • Where are the classrooms?
  • Where are the policemen?

 

  • Who is a good lawyer?
  • Who is a plumber?
  • Who is a technician?
  • Who are the firemen?

 

  • Why is he a good teacher?
  • Why is she a judge?
  • Why are they not nurses?
  • Why aren’t they photographers?

 

  • What is a good sales assistant?
  • What is a bad hairdresser?
  • What are bad reporters?
  • What are good teachers?

 

  • When is the class?
  • When is the lesson?
  • When are the classes?
  • When are the lessons?

 

  • How is a good nurse?
  • How is a bad vet?
  • How are the classes?
  • How is the school?
  • How is your teacher?

Vocabulary

2/ Vocabulary Practice with what why how when where who

  • where
  • who
  • why
  • what
  • when
  • how
  • a fireman – firemen (plural)
  • a flight attendant – flight attendants
  • a hairdresser – hairdressers
  • a judge –  judges
  • a lawyer –  lawyers
  • a nurse – nurses
  • a photographer – photographers
  • a plumber – plumbers
  • a policeman – policemen (plural)
  • a reporter – reporters
  • a sales assistant – sales assistants
  • a technician – technicians
  • a vet – vets
  • a waiter – waiters
  • a school – schools

Grammar

How, what, who, where, why, when

A question word like; what why how when where who, or interrogative pronoun is used in questions: how, what, who, where, why, when…? A question word appears at the beginning of a question or interrogative statement.

  • Who? is used to ask a question about a person or people
  • Why? is used to ask a question about a reason
  • When? is used to ask a question about a moment in time
  • Where? is used to ask a question about a place
  • What? is used to ask a question about an object, an idea, an action
  • How? is used to ask a question about manner

Questions in the present simple form of the verb “to be” and using a Question Word (or interrogative pronoun) follow the following formulae:

Positive form: Question Word + Am / Is / Are + Subject (+ Object) + ?

i.e. Who is a good vet? – Who are they?

Why is he a judge? – Why are they here?

When is it? – When are the classes?

Where is the flight attendant? – Where are the flight attendants?

What is this? – What are they?

How are you? – How are they?

Negative form: Question Word + Am / Is / Are + Subject + not (+ Object) + ?

i.e. Who isn’t well? – Who isn’t a good vet?

Why is he not a good judge? – Why isn’t he a good judge?

When is he not here? When isn’t he here?

Where are they not? – Where aren’t they?

What isn’t ok? – What is not ok?

How aren’t you ill? – How are you not ill?

Please be careful with the changes to the verb to be in the question form, especially with “I”: Why aren’t I?

Questions and Answers

Questions and Answers

Where is London?

In England.

Where are the classrooms?

In the school.

Why is he a good teacher?

Because he’s not a bad teacher.

Who is a good lawyer?

He is a good lawyer.

How is the school?

The school is red.

Who is a good fireman?

He is a good fireman.

Where is New York?

New York is in America.

When is the lesson?

The lesson is now.

Why is he a bad vet?

Because he’s not a good vet.

What is a good apple?

A good apple is red and green.

English Lesson 4 Recap With Julia

Hi guys! Welcome back!

Let’s do the recap number four, of lesson four together! The focus of this recap video is very much pronunciation. So we’re going to do a lot of pronunciation together and a very quick grammar review.

Let’s look first of all at the question words that have been introduced in today’s lesson!

Once again I recommend that you transcribe these words phonetically so as to pronounce them perfectly.

Let’s start off with “WHO?”

We actually can’t hear the “W”.

“WHO?” it’s an “H” sound.

It is just like “HOW?”

Then we have “WHY?”. We can’t hear the “H”. We can only hear the “W” sound.

It is the same with “WHERE?” and “WHEN?”

Try to practise those words!

Let’s repeat them together: WHO, WHY, HOW, WHERE, WHEN

Here is another pronunciation tip for today:

We mentioned before in recap 1 and 2, that stress patterns are very important. So we’re going to try to focus, emphasise, stress, the first sound of the word, for example: photo, photograph.

But that rule changes when the word becomes longer. Listen to the difference here:

photo, photograph, photographer

Do you see the difference? I am actually stressing the sounds – not the first sound.

Listen: photographer. Here the second and third sounds are more important.

Those are the ones that we are highlighting here. So repeat after me:

photo, photograph, photographer

That is also true with other long words in today’s lesson,

For example: fireman, hairdresser

Hairdresser: this is a compound noun.

There are two words together: “hair” + “dresser“. So we’re going to stress the beginning of each: “hair” + “dresser“.

In this lesson, I’ve noticed that my students make this mistake a lot.

There is a particular sound which is like /DJ/.

Can you hear it? You have seen this sound already in three words so far. You’ve seen it with:

  1. “JOB” Some of my students mispronounce this word. So really make an effort with this beautiful sound /dj/!
  2. You’ve also seen this sound in the word “JUDGE”,
  3. and in the word: “ENGINEER”

Repeat the three words with me: job, judge, engineer.

That’s all the pronunciation for today!

Let’s do a quick grammar review!

We saw that the plural of nouns can sometimes be a straightforward rule.

We add the “S”. For example: assistant – assistants

Sometimes we have to add “ES”. For example: watch – watches

And sometimes the word changes. For example: man – men

In this particular dialogue you have another example of this: fireman – firemen

That’s it for today! I’ll see you soon!

The Verb to be in English Beginners Course Lesson 1.
The verb to be in negative form English Beginners Course Lesson 2
Verb to be questions English Beginners Course Lesson 3
What why how when where who in English Beginners course lesson 4
Possessive adjectives explained English Beginners course Lesson 5.
Explaining Adjectives and adverbs in English Beginners course Lesson 6
Some any every exercise explained in our English Beginners Course 7.
Possessive pronouns explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 8
The modal verb can explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 9.
Positive present simple explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 10
Questions in the negative form explained in English Beginners Course 11.
Countable nouns vs uncountable nouns explained in English Beginners 12.
Positive form of present simple explained in English Beginners Course 13.
Present simple tense explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 14
The form of present continuous explained in English Beginners Course 15.

Academy of Arts University

Exercises Lesson 4

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice



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