Spelling of adverbs in English explained in Lesson 38

Lesson 38


1/Sentence Practice

Choosing a candidate

  1. Peter will have decided on his choice of candidate by Friday. Or perhaps he won’t have made up his mind by then.
  2. He asks himself “Will I have decided? Won’t I have decided? you never know but he thinks he will have decided.
  3. You will have chosen, He will have chosen,  They have selected a candidate. Won’t he have made a  decision?
  4. The joys of being an entrepreneur. Why not stick to being a “one man band”.
  5. The day of the interview arrives and—-

PeterGood Morning, John. I am Peter.

John: Good Morning Peter.

PHow are you doing?

J: I am doing fine. Thank you.

PHow was the traffic coming over here?

J: Nothing to report.

P: That is good. John, let’s start the interview. Are you ready?

J: Yes, I am.

PFirst of all, let me properly introduce myself. I am the owner of the marketing agency. As you know there is an open position in my firm, I have too much on and I need to fill this position as soon as possible.

J: Please, tell me a little bit about the position.

P: It is handling a fairly large social media account and developing a Pay per click strategy for a medium-sized company.

J: What type of qualifications do you require?

PI require the candidate to have a bachelor degree in Marketing. Some working experience which you already have.

J: What is the potential of the company?

PWell we are certainly in demand. We don’t advertise and yet we receive regular inquiries.

J: That’s good because I’ve worked at a few agencies who advertise but they can’t keep their clients. You must be doing something right. I have my laptop. Can I show you some of my project work?

P. I’m impressed this could work out.


2/ Vocabulary Practice

  • Choosing a candidate
  • to decide
  •  choice of candidate
  • by Friday
  • Or perhaps
  • he won’t
  • made up his mind
  • Will I have decided?
  • Won’t I have decided?
  • you never know
  • The joys of being an entrepreneur
  • to stick to being
  • a one man band
  • The day of the interview
  •   How are you doing?
  •  I am doing fine.
  • How was the traffic
  • to come over
  •  Nothing to report.
  • Are you ready?
  •  First of all
  • to properly introduce
  • the owner
  • the marketing agency.
  • open position
  • the firm
  • to have too much on
  • to fill this position
  • to handle
  • social media account
  • to develop
  • Pay per click
  • strategy
  • a medium-sized company
  • type of qualifications
  • do you require?
  • a bachelor degree in Marketing
  •  work experience
  • the potential
  • to be in demand.
  • to advertise
  • and yet
  • regular inquiries.
  • to keep
  • to do something right
  • a laptop to show
  •  project work
  • to be impressed
  • to work out.


Spelling and use of adverbs

1/ Spelling of adverbs

Many adverbs can be formed from adjectives by simply adding -ly.

These grammar / spelling rules will help you form and spell adverbs correctly:

1/ Basic rule: I add -ly:

(except for full > fully > we do not need 3 “l”)

quick > quickly

sudden > suddenly

cheap > cheaply

slow > slowly

correct > correctly

wrong > wrongly

special > specially

nice > nicely

polite > politely

literal > literally

2/ If the adjective ends with a consonant followed by -le  or -e (-able, -ible, -le, -e to be more precise), we need to replace the final -e with -y on its own:

terrible > terribly

comfortable > comfortably

probable > probably

gentle > gently

true > truly

whole > wholly

due > duly

horrible > horribly

noble > nobly

idle > idly

3/ When an adjective ends in -y, you replace the -y with -i and add -ly:

angry > angrily

easy > easily

lucky > luckily

happy > happily

crazy > crazily

4/ When an adjective ends in -ic, you add -ally (except for public > publicly which is commonly misspelled).

basic > basically

tragic > tragically

economic > economically

pathetic > pathetically

ironic > ironically

realistic > realistically

enthusiastic > enthusiastically  

5/ Some adjectives already end in -ly. They cannot be made into adverbs, for instance “friendly”.

You will simply use the adjective in a noun group such as :

in a friendly way

in a friendly fashion

in a friendly manner

6/ Not all adjectives can be transformed by adding an ending:

good > well

fast > fast

late > late

daily > daily

high > high

hard > hard

2/ Adverbs

Adverbs describe adjectives, verbs or other adverbs (actions…) and “adverbs” are abbreviated “adv.”

Adverbs tell us what way someone does something or in what way something happens.

Adverbs appear after verbs.

Appears answer the questions: How? Where? When?


she is well, he works well, he works slowly…

Some words are used both as adjectives and adverbs:


I work daily. (adverb)

My daily tasks include…. (adjective)


I speak fast. (adverb)

He is a fast learner. (adjective)


I sometimes arrive late. (adverb)

The bus is late. (adjective)


I work hard. (adverb)

The exercise is hard. (adjective)

Preguntas y repuestas

Questions and Answers

Has Peter decided on his choice of candidate?

Yes, he decided this morning.

Why has he chosen that candidate?

Because he was the best candidate.

How are you doing?

I’m doing fine.

Can you introduce yourself?

Yes, my name is Peter.

What are you doing here?

I have come about the vacancy for the job.

Will you take a seat please? I will not be a minute.

Thank you, please take your time.

Can you tell me a little about the position?

What would you like to know exactly?

What experience have you in this field?

Do you mean social media marketing?

What is the potential of this company?

The potential is quite important.

Are you in demand?

Yes, we are very much in demand.

Exercises Lesson 38

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice