Possessive form ending in s explained in English Lesson 34




This English Lesson 34 explains how the possessive form ending in s, Possessive of Nouns, or Saxon Genitive  structure is used as a way to refer to possession.

the Possessive Form “’s”, Possessive of Nouns, or Saxon Genitive  structure
How the Possessive Form “’s”, Possessive of Nouns, is used as a way to refer to possession.

Dialogue

1/English Sentence Practice possessive form ending in s.

Can I use the bathroom? – Sure, it’s down the hall on the left.

She is very nice. I like her company.

Is that Jeanne’s coatJeanne’s coat is very smart. You should get one Sara.

Is that today’s paper? Yes it is, it is my paper.It ‘s mine but you can have it.

Where’s your paper? I have not seen yours. I didn’t get a paper today. I forgot when I went shopping.

My brother is popping in later. I could read his paper. If you want to keep yours, I can read his.

Look! There is a card on the floor. I think it is hers.

What is that ball? It is the dog’s ball. Its ball is dirty.

I will put it outside. Where was the dog yesterday? It was with its favourite dog minder. Who is that?

You know. Our friend Janet. She took it for the day.

Yesterday I went to London. I could not leave the dog in the house all alone.

I phoned our best friend. She brought him back to this morning.

Look! It’s four o’clock. It’s getting late. We had better get going.

English Vocabulary Practise

2/Vocabulary practice
  • possessive “’s”
  • to use apostrophe s (’s)
  • also called
  • to show that
  • it belongs to someone or something
  • to use the bathroom
  • down the hall
  • on the left
  • the company of someone
  • Jeanne’s coat?
  • today’s paper
  • It’s mine
  • your paper
  • I have not seen yours
  • to pop in
  • a card
  • on the floor
  • the dog’s ball
  • its ball
  • it is dirty
  • with its favourite dog minder
  • all alone
  • to bring back – brought back
  • It’s getting late.
  • We had better get going.

English Grammar

Possessive Form “’s”, Possessive of Nouns, or Saxon Genitive is a structure used as a way to refer to possession.

possessive form ending in s English noun or noun phrase is made by suffixing “’s” (read apostrophe + s)

  • the cat’s basket
  • my father’s car
  • Janet’s new job
  • the children’s playroom
  • the chemist’s
  • the butcher’s
  • Saint Paul’s Cathedral
  • Frank’s gym

>> Be careful to avoid a common error: this is Frank’s gym (CORRECT) > this is the Frank’s gym (WRONG > you have to remove the article “the”/“a(n)” with people’s names). 

Some spelling rules:

1/ If my noun is plural and already ends in -s then I simply add an apostrophe (‘) at the end:

  • the cats’ basket
  • my parents’ house
  • the giraffes’ enclosure

2/ If my noun is singular and already ends in -s then I can choose to add an apostrophe (‘) at the end or add the apostrophe + s (’s) at the end:

  • Saint James’s park (recommended spelling)
  • Saint James’ park (more modern but not always accepted as correct spelling)

Some pronunciation rules for the possessive form ending in s:

The pronunciation of the possessive form follows the same rules as the pronunciation of plurals of nouns and -s endings of the third person singular in the present simple or simple present:

’s is pronounced:

1/ -s is pronounced /z/ after voiced sounds

b, d, g, l, m, n, ng, r, v, y:

the men’s toilet, the crab’s shell, the word’s meaning, the bag’s handles, the fan’s reaction…

2/ -s is pronounced /s/ after voiceless sounds p, k, t, f, th:

the cat’s litter, the books’ cover, the cliffs’ view, the graph’s meaning…

3/ -s is pronounced /iz/ after sibilant sounds c, s, x, z, ss, ch, sh, ge:

the carriage’s doors, the watches’ maker, the box’ owner, the buses’ route, the races’ popularity…

Please note that there are alternatives to the possessive form “’s”.

1/ adjectival genitive:

  • The carriage doors
  • Its opening hours
  • the dog house

(using the 1st noun as an adjective)

2/ prepositional genitive:

  • The doors of the carriage 
  • The keys to my apartment
  • The days of the week

(using a preposition to introduce possession)

3/ double genitive:

  • She is a friend of my mother’s. 
  • It belonged to a cousin of my father’s.
  • They are neighbours of my aunt’s.

(using both a Saxon genitive and a prepositional genitive)

English Speaking Practise

Questions and Answers

What did you do wrong?

I don’t know but I am in the doghouse.

Can you lend me the keys to your apartment?

You can have these keys, they belong to a cousin of my father.

Who is popping in today?

My brother is popping in later.

Is that Peter’s coat?

No it is Robert’s coat.

What is that on the floor?

It’s the dog’s ball.

Is that today’s paper?

No, it is yesterday’s paper.

And is that your friend’s dog?

Yes that is my friend’s dog.

Is that a friend of your mother?

No, it is my father’s friend.

Are they your neighbours?

No, they are the neighbours of my uncle

Do you know the days of the week in English?

Yes, I know the days of the week in English.

Lesson 34 recap with Julia.

Pronunciation of the ed endings in Beginners English Course Lesson 31
Irregular Verbs in the simple past explained in English Lesson 32
Relative pronouns and relative clauses explained in English Lesson 33
Possessive form ending in s explained in English Lesson 34
Down load our present perfect simple pdf lesson 35
Superlatives and comparatives explained in English lesson 36
prepositions of time and place explained in English lesson 37
Spelling of adverbs in English explained in Lesson 38
question tags and tag questions in English explained in Lesson 39
present perfect progressive pdf explained in English Lesson 40
passive voice examples explained in English Lesson 41
passive voice exercises explained in English Lesson 42
Countable and uncountable nouns explained in English Lesson 43
Definite and indefinite articles explained in English Lesson 44
Modal verbs exercises explained in English Lesson 45
in on at exercises with answers explained in English Lesson 46
Obligation, possibility, probability explained in English Lesson 47
Modal verbs perfect tense explained in English Lesson 48
Question tags exercises pdf and further explanations Lesson 49
Conditional mood explained in English with examples Lesson 50

Exercises Lesson 34

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice



Previous lesson


Next lesson

California College of the Arts