Irregular Verbs in the simple past explained in English Lesson 32.




This English Lesson 32  explains Irregular Verbs in the simple past or past simple.

Irregular Verbs in the simple past
Irregular Verbs in the simple past or past simple.
Dialogue

1/English Sentence Practice

Peter is taking the dog for a walk and he leaves the ladies to continue their conversation.

Did you like the food, Jeanne? I liked it very much.

Before I came to England I thought English food was not good. I knew that English people ate to live and others lived to eat.

English food is not so bad. Wherever you go you see fast food restaurants and they are the same everywhere.

I ate fish and chips and I must say that  I enjoyed it very much. With who did you eat fish and chips?

I went with two colleagues from school on Friday. We learned that it is a tradition to eat fish on Friday’s.

Which is your favourite English meal, Jeanne; “roast dinner” or “fish and chips”. Neither actually, I love English Breakfast.

I told Peter about the breakfast I had this morning. It consisted of: fried eggs, grilled bacon, baked beans, and boiled mushrooms.

There was an English writer named Somerset Maughan. He said that:

“To eat well in England you should have breakfast three times a day.”

To be fair he wrote that at the beginning of the last century. Things have improved, haven’t they?

By the way, there is a really comprehensive list of irregular verbs and how to pronounce them correctly. Click Here.

English Vocabulary

2/Vocabulary Practice

  • to take for a walk
  • to live to eat
  • to eat to live
  • fast food restaurants
  • fish and chips
  • a colleague
  • fish
  • a meal
  • a roast dinner
  • actually
  • an English Breakfast
  • to consist of
  • fried eggs
  • grilled bacon
  • baked beans
  • boiled mushrooms
  • a writer
  • you should have
  • three times a day
  • to be fair
  • he wrote
  • at the beginning of the last century
  • Things have improved.
  • by the way
  • irregular

English Grammar

Irregular Verbs in the simple past or past simple

Below you will see the infinitive, the simple past or past simple and the past participle (which we will use to create other tenses. – They can also be used as adjectives).These are Irregular Verbs in the simple past.

Example:

to go (infinitive)

went (past simple)

gone (past participle)

I want to go to the park.

Yesterday he went to the cinema.

It is gone. / It has gone.

This list may be long but good news is that the past forms don’t change! 

to go > I went, you went, he went, she went, it went, we went, you went, they went

And in the negative and question forms they use the auxiliary “did” just like regular verbs:

I did not go

I didn’t go

Did you go?

Did you not go?

Didn’t you go?

Let’s learn the list, with examples. I recommend you check their meaning in the dictionary too!

Let’s learn some common irregular verbs!

to begin

began

begun

I want to begin the driving course.

He began driving last year.

The film has begun.

to break

broke

broken

That thing can’t break.

I broke the window.

The window is broken.

to buy

bought

bought

I will buy more fruit.

He bought more fruit.

That was bought at the supermarket.

to catch

caught

caught

I want to catch a fish.

He caught many fish.

The fugitive was caught.

to choose

chose

chosen

I want to choose a dress for the wedding.

She chose a red dress.

They were chosen by Janet.

to come

came

come

They will come to visit us tomorrow.

She came to visit me yesterday.

Spring has come early.

to drink

drank

drunk

They will drink that later.

He drank the whole 2 litres.

The water got drunk.

to drive

drove

driven

They want to drive in the countryside.

They drove to Stonehenge.

I was driven there.

to eat

ate

eaten

I love to eat carbs.

We ate pasta.

The pasta got eaten.

to feel

felt

felt

He will feel better after eating.

He felt better after lunch.

Her absence was felt.

to find

found

found

I want to find a flat in this neighbourhood.

He found a new flat.

This is the lost and found department.

to forget

forgot

forgotten

Don’t forget to close the door.

He forgot to close the front door.

It was forgotten here.

to get

got

got

I want to get there early.

He got there early.

He has got to be joking!

to give

gave

given

I want to give him a hug!

He gave me two invitations.

They were given to me.

to grow

grew

grown

It will grow in the sun.

It grew by a metre.

Our homegrown tomatoes are delicious!

to keep

kept

kept

Can you keep a secret?

He kept it in his pocket.

It is a well kept secret.

to know

knew

known

Do you know how to cook?

He knew the truth.

It is a well known fact.

to leave

left

left

We will leave after the movie.

He left in the middle of the film.

These leftovers are delicious.

to lose

lost

lost

I don’t want to lose my temper.

He lost his keys again.

They are in the lost and found department.

to make

made

made

We will make cupcakes.

He made these all by himself!

This is home-made pasta.

to mean

meant

meant

What do you mean by that?

I meant what I said.

It was not meant to be funny.

to meet

met

met

We will meet them all at the conference.

We met last year.

The protests were met with considerable police force.

to pay

paid

paid

I will pay the bill.

We paid double what you paid.

He was well paid.

to read

read

read

I love to read.

He read that book twice.

The rules were read out to us.

to say

said

said

What is there to say?

She said to delete the recording.

It was said to me repeatedly.

to see

saw

seen

Who wants to see my new car?

I saw the most beautiful rainbow.

They were seen leaving the restaurant.

to sell

sold

sold

Do you want to sell your house?

He sold his last year.

It has a “sold” sign on the lawn.

to sit

sat

sat

I could sit here for hours.

I sat by the fireplace.

The cat was sat beside me.

to speak

spoke

spoken

Do you want me to speak slowly?

He spoke fondly of you.

These are unspoken rules.

to spend

spent

spent

How much do you want to spend on it?

I spent two years training for this race.

All my money has been spent.

to swim

swam

swum

Do you like to swim in the river?

He swam across the English Channel.

She has swum professionally for years.

to take

took

taken

How long will it take?

It took him two days to sail across.

The photo was taken here.

to teach

taught

taught

Do you want to teach me?

He taught me this rule last week.

English is taught in primary schools.

to tell

told

told

Will you tell them?

He told them all already.

I was told not to repeat this to anyone.

to think

thought

thought

What do you think?

I thought it was a great movie!

It is thought that 80% of these businesses will shut in the next year.

to understand

understood

understood

Do you understand my accent?

I understood every word.

It is understood that the information provided is confidential.

to win

won

won

Are you here to win?

He won the race.

The battle is won.

to write

wrote

written

Do you like to write essays?

I wrote several cover letters when applying for jobs.

It is written in Spanish.

English Speaking Practise

Questions and Answers

When did the film begin?

The film began one hour ago.

Did you buy a new coat?

Yes, I bought a new coat yesterday.

Did you bring your swimming costume?

Yes, I brought my swimming costume.

Did you catch a fish?

No, but I caught a cold.

Is the door broken?

Yes, I broke it by accident.

Did you drink last night?

Yes, but I didn’t get drunk.

What did you drink?

I drank shandies.

Do you feel cold?

No, but I felt cold earlier.

Can you keep a secret?

I have always kept secrets.

Do you know Peter?

Yes, I knew him at school.

Lesson 32 recap with Julia.

Pronunciation of the ed endings in Beginners English Course Lesson 31
Irregular Verbs in the simple past explained in English Lesson 32
Relative pronouns and relative clauses explained in English Lesson 33
Possessive form ending in s explained in English Lesson 34
Down load our present perfect simple pdf lesson 35
Superlatives and comparatives explained in English lesson 36
prepositions of time and place explained in English lesson 37
Spelling of adverbs in English explained in Lesson 38
question tags and tag questions in English explained in Lesson 39
present perfect progressive pdf explained in English Lesson 40
passive voice examples explained in English Lesson 41
passive voice exercises explained in English Lesson 42
Countable and uncountable nouns explained in English Lesson 43
Definite and indefinite articles explained in English Lesson 44
Modal verbs exercises explained in English Lesson 45
in on at exercises with answers explained in English Lesson 46
Obligation, possibility, probability explained in English Lesson 47
Modal verbs perfect tense explained in English Lesson 48
Question tags exercises pdf and further explanations Lesson 49
Conditional mood explained in English with examples Lesson 50

Exercises Lesson 32

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice



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