Pronunciation of the ed endings in Beginners English Course Lesson 31




This English Lesson 31 explains the pronunciation of the -ED endings of regular past simple and past participles:

the pronunciation of the -ED endings
the pronunciation of the -ED endings of regular past simple and past participles
Dialogue

 

1/English Sentence Practice

Let us continue this conversation in the living room.

Regular verbs in the past are easy to write. Don’t fall into the trap of Phonetics.

In English, there are three ways to pronounce the “ED” at the end of a regular verb in the past tense.

Firstly, you have “The /id/  sound”, If the last letter of the word is spelled with D or T.

The ED is pronounced as a separate syllable with an, id,  sound. For example, hid and bid.

wanted, folded, waited, needed. They sound the same as did.

Then you have the The /t/ sound“, If the last consonant of the word is voiceless, then the ED is pronounced as a T.

talked (sounds like “talkt“), parked, (sounds like “talkt“) hissed, sound like “hist“), helped (helpt), worked, (workt).

Then you have The /d/ sound. If the last letter of the words ends in a voiced consonant.

Then the ED is pronounced like a D (without creating another syllable): played (sounds like “playd”), opened (opend)

Closed (sounds like “clozd”), lived (livd).

English is like music. Learn the melody. If it sounds right it is right. A false note is easy to detect.

It’s nice to have a day off work!

English Vocabulary

2/Vocabulary Practice

  • the living room
  • regular verbs
  • in the past
  • to write
  • to fall into the trap
  • three ways to pronounce
  • at the end
  • firstly
  • the last letter
  • to spell
  • separate
  • a syllable
  • to hide
  • to  bid
  • to want
  • to fold
  • to wait
  • to sound
  • consonant
  • voiceless
  • to park
  • to sounds like
  • hissed
  • helped
  • worked
  • voiced consonant
  • opened
  • closed
  • music
  • the melody
  • to sound right
  • a false note
  • to detect
  • a day off

Grammar

Pronunciation of the ed endings of regular past simple and past participles:

The -ED endings can be pronounced /d/ , /t/, or /id/.

Pronunciation of the ed endings is all based on sound:

1/ My -ED ending is pronounced /t/ when I have a voiceless sound (no vibrations in your voice box) yet strong sound just before the -ED.

liked, laughed, faxed, washed, watched, stopped, cooked, danced, kissed, fixed…

2/ My -ED ending is pronounced /d/ when I have a voiced (vibrations in your voice box) yet soft sound just before the -ED:

begged, loved, allowed, calmed, compelled, judged, honed, learned, aged, played, called, cleaned, offered, damaged, loved, breathed, used, followed, enjoyed, amazed…

3/ My -ED ending is pronounced /t/ when I have a sound /t/ and /d/ just before the -ED. We need to add a vowel sound to hear the ending hence pronouncing the ending /id/:

ended, wanted, nodded, waited, decided, folded, needed…

English Speaking Practice.

 

Questions and Answers

Did you learn French?

Yes, I learned French.

Do you need your glasses?

Yes, I needed my glasses.

Did you wait for long?

Yes, I waited for an hour.

Was it easy to park?

Yes, I’ve parked in the carpark.

Did you close the door?

Yes, I closed the door.

Can you play football?

Yes, I played football at school.

Have you ever worked?

Yes I worked in a bank.

Do you think that is easy to judge?

Yes, I do, I judged it myself.

Where did you hide?

I hid up a tree.

Did you talk for long?

Yes, I talked for two hours.

Lesson 31 recap with Julia.

Pronunciation of the ed endings in Beginners English Course Lesson 31
Irregular Verbs in the simple past explained in English Lesson 32
Relative pronouns and relative clauses explained in English Lesson 33
Possessive form ending in s explained in English Lesson 34
Down load our present perfect simple pdf lesson 35
Superlatives and comparatives explained in English lesson 36
prepositions of time and place explained in English lesson 37
Spelling of adverbs in English explained in Lesson 38
question tags and tag questions in English explained in Lesson 39
present perfect progressive pdf explained in English Lesson 40
passive voice examples explained in English Lesson 41
passive voice exercises explained in English Lesson 42
Countable and uncountable nouns explained in English Lesson 43
Definite and indefinite articles explained in English Lesson 44
Modal verbs exercises explained in English Lesson 45
in on at exercises with answers explained in English Lesson 46
Obligation, possibility, probability explained in English Lesson 47
Modal verbs perfect tense explained in English Lesson 48
Question tags exercises pdf and further explanations Lesson 49
Conditional mood explained in English with examples Lesson 50

Exercises English Lesson 31

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice



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