Verb to be questions in English Beginners Course Lesson 3
Learn how to use the present tense correctly in English in the affirmative form and how to ask questions using different verbs.
1/ Sentence Practice with verb to be questions
- I am a builder. – I work as a builder.
- Am I a bad builder? – Am I not a good builder? – Aren’t I a good builder?
- You are a cleaner. – You work as a cleaner.
- Are you a bad cleaner? – Are you not a good cleaner? – Aren’t you a good cleaner?
- It is a good job. – Is it a bad job? – Is it not a good job? – Isn’t it a good job?
- He is a dentist. – He works as a dentist.
- Is he a bad dentist? – Is he not a good dentist? – Isn’t he a good dentist?
- We are doctors. – We work as doctors.
- Are we bad doctors? – Are we not good doctors? – Aren’t we good doctors?
- You are engineers. – You work as engineers.
- Are you bad engineers? – Are you not good engineers? – Aren’t you good engineers?
- They are electricians. – They work as electricians.
- Are they bad electricians? – Are they not good electricians? – Aren’t they good electricians?
2/ Vocabulary Practice
- I work as a I work as an….
- a job – jobs
- an accountant – accountants
- a builder – builders
- a banker- bankers
- a barber – barbers
- a barman – barmen
- a chef – chefs
- a cleaner – cleaners
- a dentist – dentists
- a doctor – doctors
- an electrician – electricians
- an engineer – engineers
Grammar for verb to be questions
3/ Questions with verb “to be”
We use verb to be questions in the present simple form of the verb “to be” follow the following formulae:
Positive form: Am / Is / Are + Subject + Object + ?
i.e. (for example) Am I a good accountant?
Are you a good doctor?
Is he a bad builder?
Is she a good banker?
Is it a good job?
Are we good barbers?
Are you bad dentists?
Are they good electricians?
Verb to be questions using the negative form: Am / Is / Are + Subject + not + Object + ?
i.e. Am I not a good accountant?
Are you not a good builder?
Is he not a bad engineer?
Is she not a good doctor?
It is not a good job?
Are we not good dentists?
Are you not bad bankers?
Are they not good barmen?
Contracted / short negative form:
Verb to be questions using the Negative form: Aren’t Isn’t + Subject + Object + ?
i.e. Aren’t I a good accountant?
Aren’t you a good builder?
Isn’t he a bad engineer?
Isn’t she a good doctor?
Isn’t it a good job?
Aren’t we good dentists?
Aren’t you bad bankers?
Aren’t they good barmen?
Please be careful with the changes to the verb to be in the question form, especially with “I”:
Am I not…? >> Aren’t I?
English Speaking Practise
4/ Use the verb to be Questions and Answers
Are you a builder?
No, I am not a builder.
Is he a cleaner?
No, he’s not a cleaner.
Is she a dentist?
Yes, she is a dentist.
Are they engineers?
No, they are not engineers.
Are we doctors?
yes, we are doctors.
Are you electricians ?
Yes, we are electricians.
Is it a good job?
No, it is a bad job.
Are you a bad cleaner?
No, I am a good cleaner.
Are we not good doctors?
Yes, we are good doctors.
Are you not a good cleaner?
No, I am not a good cleaner.
English Lesson 3 Recap with your English Teacher Julia
Hi guys! Welcome back! Let’s do the recap together of lesson three! In this recap video, I’m going to cover three points. First of all, a pronunciation point, then we’re going to look at sentence structure together and then we’re going to review a grammar point.
So the pronunciation point of today is a silent letter. In English we have different combinations of sounds, whether vowel or consonant sounds. And we also have lots of silent letters. So we’re going to look at those silent letters in different stages.
So we’re going to look at one sound today which is the silent “U”.
There’s one word in today’s dialogue which is “builder”.
Some of my students might be tempted to say “builder”. (That was mispronounced)
Don’t forget that the “U” is a silent letter! It is just like in the following words that will appear on the screen: “biscuit”, “build”, “guard”, “guest”, “guitar”, and “guilt”.
Pronounce those words.
Get used to their pronunciation because English spelling isn’t very helpful when it comes to indicating how to pronounce a word. You just have to bear that in mind when you’re learning new words. Try to always transcribe the word phonetically. Try to remember its pronunciation by writing how it sounds to you. It is like a simplified phonetic transcription.
Repeat those words many times and practise writing them too!
So that was point number one!
Point number two is sentence structure.
When you’re talking about your job, how do you say that?
You can say:
- “I am a teacher”
- “I am an English teacher.”
- “I work as a teacher.”
- “they are teachers.”
- “They work as teachers.”
Another example is:
- He works as a dentist.
- He is a dentist.
- They work as dentists.
- They are dentists.
And finally point number three is a grammar point.
It’s once again talking about the plural.
The plural of nouns is quite straightforward. We normally add an “S”.
For example: a builder > builders
But there are other scenarios. Sometimes we have to add “ES”
For example: a box > boxes
And sometimes even we have to change the word:
For example: a man > men
a barman > barmen
That’s it for today! I’ll see you soon!