the simple past of to be questions English Beginners Course Lesson 28




This English lesson 28 is focusing on how to use  make the simple past of to be questions.

The simple past of to be questions sometimes it is called the preterite and is used to talk about a completed action in a time before the present.

how to use  the verb to be in the simple past form
the preterite and is used to talk about a completed action in a time before the present.

Dialogue

1/English Sentence Practice the simple past of to be questions.

I am happy to see you, Peter. I was hoping to talk to you yesterday. Were you busy in London?

Tell me about it. Later, now we will have another drink of water before lunch.

What were you doing? I was working at the language school. I was giving classes to intermediate students.

They were very easy to teach. Weren’t they Jeanne? Yes, they were. Jeanne was in the class. Weren’t you?

She was free because she did not have any classes herself. I was happy to teach because the students were receptive.

We did the past of to be, I am, is the present form and I was,  is the past.

I am; I was; You are; You were; He, she, it is; He, she, it was; We are; We were; You are; You were; They are; They were.

Was I? Were you? Was He, She, it?; Were we?, Were you?,  Were They?.

Were you confused Jeanne? No, I was not. I know how I have to learn and practise. In France, I wasn’t ready.

I was always looking for the logic. Now I accept that English is not logical. You just have to learn. haven’t you?

I did not know the importance of pronunciation. If you pronounce well, it makes listening easier.

If listening is easier then it is easier to memorise. If you speak English with a French accent it is difficult to learn English.

English Vocabulary

2/Vocabulary Practice

  • Were you?
  • I am happy to see you.
  • to be busy
  • Tell me about it.
  • Later
  • now
  • a drink of water
  • before lunch
  • What were you doing?
  • I was working
  • I was giving classes
  • to intermediate students.
  • to be free
  • to be receptive
  • to be confused
  • to practise
  • to be ready
  • always looking for
  • the logic
  • to accept
  • logical
  • the importance of pronunciation. to pronounce well, to make easier.
  • a French accent

English Grammar

The past simple of “to be” is irregular.

Let’s see how to form positive, negative, and interrogative statements!

The simple past of to be questions ,Positive form of “to be”. 

I was, you were, he was, she was, it was, we were, you were, they were

Negative form of “to be”  

I was not, you were not, he was not, she was not, it was not, we were not, you were not, they were not

I wasn’t, you weren’t, he wasn’t, she wasn’t, it wasn’t, we weren’t, you weren’t, they weren’t

Interrogative form of “to be”  

Was I? Were you? Was he? Was she? Was it? Were we? Were you? Were they?

Was I not? Were you not? Was he not? Was she not? Was it not? Were we not? Were you not? Were they not?

Wasn’t I? Weren’t you? Wasn’t he? Wasn’t she? Wasn’t it? Weren’t we? Weren’t you? Weren’t they?

When to use “to be” in the simple past? More examples

1/ completed actions – when it is over

It was in 1990.

They were backing singers back then.

2/ when I focus on the duration of an action:

It was on for two hours.

He was here for thirty minutes.

3/ when an action has happened once, never or several times in the past:

It was never that bad.

She was here once.

4/ for a series of actions in the past:

I was at the door. I knocked. The door opened.

5/ for facts or generalisations in the past:

He was the fastest runner in the world.

They were very famous at the time.

Signal words / adverbs of time that go with this tense:

1/ LAST

Last week, last Friday, last time

2/ IN

in September, in 1995, in the summer

3/ WHEN

when she was a child

when I was 21

when that happened

4/ OTHER SIGNAL WORDS:

yesterday

the other day

English Speaking Practise

Questions and Answers

When was the World Cup played in Italy?

It was in 1990.

How long was Peter here for?

He was here for 30 minutes.

Did you eat English food?

Yes, it was never that bad.

Do you remember Nigel Hamilton?

Yes, he was the fastest driver in the world.

Do you remember the Rolling Stones?

Yes, they were famous at the time.

Are you happy to see me?

Yes, but I was hoping to see you yesterday.

Were  you busy?

Yes, I was busy.

What  were you doing?

I was teaching at the language school.

What were you teaching?

I was teaching English grammar.

Why do you ask so many questions?

Lesson 25 recap with Julia

Hi guys! Welcome back! Let’s do a review now of lesson 28 together! This lesson is a great pretext for me to do a pronunciation exercise with you. I would like us to practise and exaggerate the -ED endings. Then we’ll run through the vocabulary of today’s text which is mainly adjectives, before doing a grammar review together and practise the verb “TO BE” in the simple past.

So let’s start off with the -ED endings. As you may already know, we have three different options to choose from. Is my -ED pronounced /d/ /t/ or /id/? Let’s find out with today’s examples!

Repeat after me!

confused

learned

listened

memorised

Let’s look at examples of -ED endings pronounced /t/

Repeat after me!

pronounced

practised

looked

worked

hoped

Now let’s look at the third and last option: the -ED ending pronounced /id/.

Repeat after me!

wanted

added

accepted

Let’s run through the adjectives of today’s text! Do not hesitate to transcribe the words phonetically. If you are hesitating very slightly or if you confuse certain words, this is a fantastic way of ensuring that you are pronouncing words in a way that can be understood. So repeat after me!

happy

confused

receptive

busy

free

easy

intermediate

Now let’s do the grammar review together! Here on my screen, as always, you will have examples that will appear. Please take your time, read the examplea nd complete it with the missing form of the verb “TO BE” in the simple past. This will be quite a quick grammar review but let’s do it anyway!

She was French, wasn’t she?

They were English, weren’t they?

It was on for two hours.

They were here for an hour.

when I was 21

when they were teenagers

when we were in France

when they were in Germany

That’s it for today guys! Thanks for watching! I hope you enjoyed today’s recap video as well as your lesson! I hope see you soon! Bye bye!

It is my job to ask questions.

Present progressive English explained in the Beginners Course 16.
Prepositions of place exercises and explanation in English 17
Prepositions of place location In English Beginners Course Lesson 18.
Prepositions of time explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 19
Prepositions of time list explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 20
Modal Verbs explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 21
Phrasal Verbs explained English Beginners Course Lesson 22
How many or how much exercises in English Beginners Course Lesson 23
The form and use of the imperative in English beginners Course 24
The verb to get in English Beginners Course Lesson 25.
Make or do exercises pdf English Beginners Course Lesson 26
Do did past simple explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 27
the simple past of to be questions English Beginners Course Lesson 28
Past simple of to have English Course Lesson 29
Regular verbs in the simple past explained in the English Course Lesson 30

Exercises Lesson 28

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice



Previous lesson


Next lesson

California Institute of the Arts