This English lesson is focusing on the: do did past simple, and how to use it in negative and question forms.
1/English Sentence Practice do did past simple.
Peter answers the door. Sara and her friend Jeanne are on the doorstep. How are you Sara and how are you, Jeanne?
Sara is an English language teacher and Jeanne teaches French. They teach in the same school.
D-i-d you bring the dessert? I d-i-d, here it is. Put it in the fridge. We will go to have a drink before eating.
They leave their things in the hall. They take the bottle of fizzy water and go to the kitchen.
What did you do this week Sara? I d1d the usual things. You d1d your work then? Did it take a long time?
It did, Jeanne did you enjoy your week? Yes, I d1d. I love London and Sara helps me such a lot with my English.
What did she teach you? We d1d the auxiliary verb do. That’s funny, d1d you learn a lot? Is it easy.
“What do you do?” is in the present and “What d1d you do?” is in the past.
I did, you did, he, she, it d1d, we did, you did, they did. It doesn’t vary. It didn’t take long to learn, d1d it Sara?
No, it didn’t. You did very well, didn’t you? Yes, I d1d, thank you so much.
- I did
- , did you?
- to answer the door
- a friend
- the doorstep
- an English language teacher
- to teach French
- the same school
- Did you bring the dessert?
- I did, here it is.
- the fridge
- to have a drink
- to leave
- the bottle of fizzy water
- What did you do this week Sara?
- I did the usual things.
- You did your work then?
- Did it take a long time?
- to enjoy
- to love London
- to help
- such a lot
- an auxiliary verb
- the present
- the past
The simple past or past simple in the negative and question forms.
Let’s learn how to form the simple past negative and question forms!
We use the auxiliary do did past simple, “did” to create the negative and question forms of regular verbs:
I did, you did, he did, she did, it did, we did, you did, they did
I did not, you did not, he did not, she did not, it did not, we did not, you did not, they did not
I didn’t, you didn’t, he didn’t, she didn’t, it didn’t, we didn’t, you didn’t, they didn’t
I did not laugh. I didn’t laugh.
Did you laugh? Didn’t you laugh? Did you not laugh?
Simple past forms:
S + did not / didn’t + bare infinitive (infinitive without “to”) + O.
She did not know that. / She didn’t know that.
Be careful: do not say “I did not learnED” (WRONG!!) > “I did not learn” is the correct form
She did not learn any English.
They didn’t eat their food.
He didn’t know how to pronounce the word
Didn’t + S + bare infinitive + O ?
Did + S + not + bare infinitive + O ?
Didn’t they arrive on time?
Did they not arrive on time?
Be careful: do not say “Did they not arrivED?” (WRONG!!) > “Did they not arrivE?” is the correct form
Did he learn any Spanish?
Didn’t they eat their food?
Did he not phone you?
This tense is used for:
1/ completed actions – when it is over:
He lived there when he was 10.
He completed the course last week.
2/ when I focus on the duration of an action:
He learned English for 2 years.
He was there for most of his life.
3/ when an action has happened once, never or several times in the past:
He went to school every day.
He never met his grandfather.
4/ for a series of actions in the past:
I opened the book, I read, I learned something new.
5/ for facts or generalisations in the past:
They used to live in tents.
They were very famous at the time.
Signal words / adverbs of time that go with this tense:
in the summer
when she was a child
when I was 21
when that happened
4/ OTHER SIGNAL WORDS:
the other day
English Speaking Practise for do did past simple.
Questions and Answers
Did you do the shopping?
Yes, I did do the shopping.
Did you remember the milk?
No, I forgot the milk.
Did they bring the desert?
No, they did not bring desert.
When did you come to England?
I came to England when I was 21.
What did you do yesterday?
I can’t remember what I did yesterday.
What did they do last Friday?
They did the washing last Friday.
What did we do in September?
We did our exams in September.
Did he learn Spanish?
No, he didn’t but he did learn French.
Why didn’t they arrive on time?
They didn’t arrive on time because the train was late.
Why didn’t they eat their food?
They didn’t eat their food because they were not hungry.
Lesson 27 recap with Julia
Hi guys! Welcome back! Let’s do the recap together of lesson 27! In today’s recap video I would like to go over lots of vocabulary of the house, language learning and prepositions before doing a grammar review with you looking at the negative and interrogative forms in the past simple so using the auxiliary “DID”. Let’s start off with vocabulary related to the house:
to answer the door
Let’s look at vocabulary related to language learning:
This word is to not be confused with:
If you put an article before, you’re referring to the English people. So if you say” I like English” that means that you like the English language. “I like the English ” that means that you like people from England.
Be careful there! More vocabulary:
an auxiliary = an auxiliary verb
to do very well
Here I’d like to highlight the difference. Sometimes we have the same word used as a noun and a verb. But the intonation changes. If you say: “the present”, you emphasise the beginning of the word. If you were to use that same word but as a verb: “to present”. Do you see how the intonation changes?
Today’s dialogue also contains two very interesting prepositions: “after” and
You will be using these prepositions quite often, I assume, especially when summarising a text or telling a story. What’s interesting with these two prepositions is that they can be followed by the “ing form”.
After leaving the house, I went food shopping.
Before leaving the house, I cleaned the kitchen.
I’m referring to the household chores that we saw in the previous recap video. So try and make your own sentences. You can obviously use these two prepositions “after” and “before” with your Subject + Verb but also with an “ing form”.
Before I leave
after I leave
Now let’s look at your grammar point of today: the negative and interrogative forms in the simple past. For those who are already familiar with the simple past, I would like to just highlight one of the most common mistakes that I hear. I’d like you to watch out for that and try and avoid making this mistake. What you already know is that in the simple past, we generally add an -ED in the affirmative form.
Yesterday I learned about the simple past (I can’t remember the grammar point but let’s imagine it was the simple past)
Yesterday I learned (“ED” ending) about the simple past.
So here you add -ED.
In today’s grammar point you’re going to see the negative and the interrogative form. To form a sentence in the simple past in the negative form or in a question form, you need to use an auxiliary which is in the simple past DO becomes DID.
I did not learn
Did you learn?
The mistake that I hear is – so do not make this mistake:
I did not learned
Did you learned?
That’s the mistake for you to avoid. So what happens here is you’re so used to hearing “I learned” that you’re tempted to say “Did I learned? – I didn’t learned”, ok? So just be careful there! Otherwise I think that the grammar point of today is quite
straightforward. Just get some practice with the exercises. I don’t think it’s worth us going through the examples together. But I am still tempted to put a few examples up here on these screen. Let’s just do three or four examples
So just repeat after me
did he live in London?
they lived in London, didn’t they?
they didn’t live in London
That’s it for today guys! Thanks for watching I hope you enjoyed this recap video as well as the lesson itself. I look forward to seeing you next time!
Exercises Lesson 27