Introduction to English lesson 26, this English tutorial is focusing on when to use ‘make’ or ‘do’ in English.
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Hi students welcome back I’m Julia, your online teacher and today, we are going to
find out when to use make and do in English. So when is it make or do, let’s
find out today throughout our dialogue, vocabulary, and grammar, and also through
the make and do exercises PDF, at the bottom. You can download it and complete
it, once you have watched this video of course. So turn on those subtitles, they
are available in English, and in many other languages. Once again, if you are
new to the course and your language is not available in the subtitles, please
let us know. We are constantly adding new languages to make this free English
course available to even more people. So that’s the first thing I wanted to point
out. Of course, if you are still not comfortable 100% writing comments I
would like to encourage you to start commenting. So if you have any questions
or you simply want to share your example of the grammar point of the day
incorporating the grammar but also the vocabulary, please do. We love reading
your feedback and your comments, so that’s the second thing I want to point
out. And the third thing is to not hesitate to watch the video several
times in English obviously with subtitles in English but also in your
own language and with no subtitles. You must challenge yourself,
so the subtitles in your own language are fantastic, it’s just a good way to
understand new words and make sure that everything is crystal clear. In English,
it just enables you to link what you hear and what you read, because as you
may know, English is not phonetic so spelling and the way we pronounce words
is really different. So, have a look at that, and just turning off the subtiltles
altogether, it’s just an extra challenge it’s just making sure that you
can focus for several minutes, half an hour, at a time,
and really manage without always understanding everything. I think that’s
one of the biggest challenges when we start learning English, is not
understanding everything and worrying about that. It’s completely normal, so
just if if you have no subtitles, and you understand 70- 80 % without subtitles,
that is already amazing, alright? So those were my pieces of advice. As usual, in the
lesson, please try and follow the structure. It’s designed in a certain way
to help you learn. We present you with the dialogue, then we break it down with
the keywords and the vocabulary list. The vocabulary point then appears, just
to really understand what’s happening in context. We take it out and we give you
the theory, so having a good theory with more examples, you would then move on to
the Q&A;, which is simply a small conversation, a short conversation
between two characters who use the vocabulary and the grammar structures of
the day in their own fashion. And at the end, you and I will coincide again for
the recap part of the video. During the recap, I like to present you with what I
consider to be interesting or important. So that could be vocabulary, focusing on
lexis so groups of words, but also pronunciations, certain sounds or
certain silent letters, or simply just intonation and of course a bit of
grammar, a few examples of grammar often appear too. So I will now let you study
and I look forward to reading your comments. See you later
Make or do exercises pdf, we use ‘make’ when we create or construct something.
We use ‘do’ for general activities.
1/English Sentence Practice
Peter gets up at a quarter to seven, it’s Sunday the twenty-first of April two thousand and eighteen.
He makes the breakfast and he does the washing-up. He then makes his bed and does a bit of cleaning.
He makes a list of what he needs to buy at the shop and then he finishes getting dressed.
He does the shopping quickly. He buys a chicken and some fresh vegetables. His girlfriend Sara is making the dessert.
He must hurry up because the roast chicken will take one hour and a half to bake in the oven.
He peels the potatoes and scrapes the skin off the carrots, he then boils them for twenty minutes.
He puts the chicken in the oven at 175 degrees centigrade. After 45 minutes he puts the boiled vegetables in the oven with the chicken.
He then starts setting the table. The chicken will be ready in twenty minutes so he puts some frozen peas on to boil.
He then makes the gravy with some boiled water, a stock cube, some of the juices of the chicken and some flour.
He’s quite good at this dish, it’s a pity it’s the only dish he knows how to prepare.
Ding Dong, it’s the doorbell.
- make and do
- to get up
- a quarter to seven
- the twenty-first of April
- two thousand and eighteen
- He makes the breakfast.
- He does the washing-up.
- He then makes his bed and does a bit of cleaning.
- He makes a list
- to buy
- at the shop
- to finish
- to get dressed
- he does the shopping
- a chicken
- fresh vegetables
- to make the dessert
- to hurry up
- the roast chicken
- one hour and a half
- to bake in the oven
- to peel the potatoes
- to scrape the skin off the carrots
- to boil
- for twenty minutes.
- to put in the oven
- 175 degrees centigrade
- After 45 minutes he does the boiled vegetables.
- to set the table
- to be ready
- frozen peas
- to make the gravy
- a stock cube
- the juices
- It’s a pity!
- to prepare
- the doorbell
Expressions with make or do.
These are set phrases but there are ways of remembering them. These make or do exercises pdf should help you memorise the idioms.
is used with constructing, creating and the following categories / concepts:
1/ food and drink: to make lunch, to make dinner, to make a cup of tea, to make a cake
2/ speech and sound: to make a phone call, to make a speech, to make a suggestion, to make a noise, to make a joke
3/ origin and material (creation): to make a dress, made in China, to be made of gold
4/ intangible things and decisions: to make a promise, to make arrangements, to make a mistake, to make an effort, to make a choice
5/ reactions: to make someone happy, to make someone’s eyes water, to make someone sleepy, to make someone smile
6/ other / exceptions: to make your bed, to make friends, to make a mess…
is used with action, tasks, activities, and the following categories / concepts:
1/ work and tasks: to do a job, to do the laundry, to do the washing-up, to do an English course, to do your homework
2/ when something is obvious: to do your hair, to do an exam, to do the shopping,
to do 10 miles per hour
3/ for something non-specific: to not do anything, to do everything
4/ other / exceptions: to do the crosswords, to do damage, to do well, to do good…
English Speaking Practice make or do exercises pdf
Questions and Answers
Do you make the breakfast?
Yes, I do make the breakfast.
Who does the dishes?
She does the dishes.
Who did you say, does the dishes?
Alright, we both do the dishes.
Who makes the cake?
We make the cake.
Who does the shopping?
We do the shopping.
Where do they make these cars?
They make these cars in Japan.
Who does your hair?
My friend does my my hair.
Do you do everything?
No, I do not do everything.
Who did this damage?
I do not know who did the damage.
Will you make me a promise?
Yes, I will make you a promise.
Lesson 26 recap with Julia
Hi guys! Welcome back! Let’s do a recap of lesson 26 together. This is going to be quite a long recap video because the dialogue itself contains quite a few words and then obviously we’re going to do the review of the grammar point that is once again more vocabulary: expressions with “make” and expressions with “do”.
Let’s start off now with some numbers!
Be careful here when you’re counting:
You say: “thousand” whether it’s singular or plural
We only say “thousands” when we actually say: “thousands of people”
If not, if there’s a number before it:
“thousand” remains invariable
half an hour
“half an hour” is nothing special, nothing new. But it contains “half” (“H” sound) and “hour” (a silent “H”)
half an hour
repeat after me
Let’s move on to more vocabulary, this time about cooking:
to put in the oven
to scrape off
to put something on to boil
to do the shopping
Be careful here with the spelling of the plural: we add E + S:
Here be careful with the pronunciation
it’s not “vegetable”. It’s “vegetable”
Here be careful between: “plate” and “dish”. People tend to not necessarily know the difference, “a plate” contains food, “a dish” contains food too but you can say that “a dish” is delicious because dish also refers to the content, whereas you cannot say: “a plate is delicious” that doesn’t make any sense in English because you can’t eat “the plate”, okay? A dish is delicious.
Be careful here not only the spelling but also with the intonation.
“desert” is very different to “dessert”
Do you see the difference?
Jot down the phonetic transcription if it helps you.
a dessert: a delicious dessert
a hot desert
now for some household chores
to do the shopping
to make your bed
to do some cleaning
to do a bit of cleaning
to do the dishes
Now let’s see some more expressions with “make” and “do”. Please complete the sentence or the collocation, the expression that will appear here with either MAKE or DO download the make or do exercises pdf.
Where was this dress made?
Did you make breakfast?
I often make mistakes.
Make your bed!
Make an effort
I do my hair
I do the dishes
They make these cars in Japan.
to do a job
to do an English course
to make friends
to make a mess
to make a noise
to do an exam
to do 10 miles per hour