This English tutorial is focusing on how much? How many? Revision of countable and uncountable nouns.
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Hi students welcome back I’m Julia, and I’m here to introduce lesson 23. In
today’s English tutorial we’re going to be looking at; countable and uncountable
nouns. And at the end with the how much or how many exercises you will learn how
and when to use How much and how many. So for those who have never seen this
grammar point before you can also do lesson 12, lesson 12 also covers
countable and uncountable nouns and a little later on in the course I think
lesson 43. We will also see this grammar point again so as usual guys do try and
watch the video several times with the subtitles in English, then in your mother
tongue, then in English. Again and then no subtitles you will really notice some
improvement especially with the listening comprehension I think that if
you just put subtitles on all the time in your language it’s not really that
helpful. You’ll be under the impression that you
understand everything but when you are in the real world having an everyday
conversation you won’t feel as comfortable as the students of mine that
have subtitles on in English or no subtitles at all. So if you’re new to the
course do what you want at the beginning get used to the format but then try and
follow that rigorous step-by-step. English subtitles, subtitles in your
language, English subtitles, no subtitles. Ok then so today the grammar point will
be introduced to you in context so do follow the steps of the lesson the
dialogue is just the pretext to introduce the topic.
So the vocabulary and the grammar point that is
followed by the vocabulary list which is read out loud you have a few seconds
between each word do you make the most of that two-three second gap and repeat
each word aloud. Wether the word is familiar or not it’s not about that, it’s
just really working on your enunciation and if you feel comfortable or confident.
I was going to say already pronouncing those words just do a little dictation
exercise don’t watch the screen and just write those words down and practice your
spelling or your note-taking skills in English. After that the grammar point
would appear this is fantastic this is the opportunity for you to see more
examples of the grammar points and more vocabulary and once again why not repeat
everything aloud. Then you’ll get used to hearing much and many in different
contexts. After that the QA is yet another comprehension exercise just two
characters running through questions and answers. And then you and I will coincide
again for the recap part of the video where I will run through what I consider
to be important in today’s lesson. And if you have any comments any questions
despite all this lesson and the subtitles please do not hesitate to
comment below. We’ve really enjoyed reading your comments and answering as
many as possible some people also use the comments section to share their
examples of the topic of the grammar point so that’s also fantastic so carry
on that’s great and I look forward to seeing you and little later in the recap.
I’ll now let you study, bye bye.
1/English Sentence Practice with how many or how much exercises.
The food is very good. John asks ” how many more dishes are coming?
That’s it. Have we got any toothpicks on the table? No, I will ask the waiter to bring some.
Excuse me. do you mind bringing some toothpicks, please? The good-looking waitress nods and smiles
The waitress is walking towards the table with some spoons. She does not understand.
They say “never mind” and they ask for the bill. How much is it? We will go halves, fifty-fifty.
That was good fun and we will do it again sometime. I will ask the waiter to get our things.
How are you getting home? I will take a taxi to Victoria Station and I will take the Bus from there.
I’m lucky I will take the tube, my flat is just six stops away. I will get home in time to watch the Rugby highlights.
Good luck and now that you have my number we can meet up again soon.
Peter waves at a taxi. A taxi stops just a few yards in front but a couple jump in before him. That makes him angry.
Never mind another one arrives immediately.
2/English Vocabulary Practice
- the food
- how many
- Have we got any…?
- on the table
- the waiter
- to bring
- do you mind
- to nod
- to smile
- walking towards
- some spoons
- never mind
- the bill
- How much is it?
- to go halves
- good fun
- do it again
- How are you getting home?
- to take a taxi
- take the bus
- from there.
- to be lucky
- to take the tube
- the flat
- six stops away
- get home
- to watch
- the Rugby highlights
- a number
- to meet up
- again soon
- a few yards in front
- a couple
- to jump in
- to make someone angry
English Grammar with how many or how much exercises.
How many or How much?
When we are asking about the quantity or amount of something we use How many or How much at the beginning of our question.
How many + countable noun
We want to know the amount or quantity.
How many plural countable noun
How much + uncountable noun
We want to find out the price, quantity or amount of something.
How much + singular or plural noun + verb “to cost” / “to be” to know the price of something
How much is the jacket?
How much are the jackets?
How much are they?
How much did it cost?
How much will this all cost?
How much will this cost me?
How much + uncountable noun to know the quantity or amount of something.
How much time do we need to get there?
How much water do you drink per day?
How much money did they spend?
How much milk is left in the fridge?
>> If what we are talking about is obvious, it is quite common to omit the noun in the question:
How much do you need?
How many were there?
How much is it?
Revision of “Many” or “much”?
countable and uncountable nouns
Let’s learn how to identify countable and uncountable nouns!
Nouns can be put into different categories such as plural and singular, but also countable and uncountable.
Countable nouns = we can count them
They have a singular and a plural form.
“car” is a countable noun
cars, two cars…
The car is mine.
The cars are his.
Uncountable nouns = we can’t count them
They only have one form, the singular form. They do not have a plural form so they always use a singular verb. They cannot use the articles “a”, “an” or a number (one, two, three…) before them.
“butter” is an uncountable noun
butters (does not exist)
a butter (does not exist)
two butters (does not exist)
Countable nouns are very common (a sister, a classroom, a friend, a teacher…). So how can I recognise uncountable nouns?
Uncountable nouns are often:
- abstract ideas: love, beauty…
- liquids or gases: water, milk, air, coffee…
- materials: wood, gold, paper…
- food (certain foods generally cut into small parts): bread, cheese, pasta…
- made of smaller parts: sugar, rice…
- other: advice, work, news, furniture, information, luggage, money…
When we are talking about a large quantity we can use “lots of” or “a lot of” with both countable and uncountable nouns:
- “language” is a countable noun > I speak lots of languages. I speak a lot of languages. / I don’t speak lots of languages. I don’t speak a lot of languages.
- “coffee” is an uncountable noun > I drink lots of coffee. I drink a lot of coffee. / I don’t drink lots of coffee. I don’t drink a lot of coffee.
We can also use “many” with countable nouns and “much” with uncountable nouns, when talking about a large or small quantity (in a positive or a negative statement):
- “lesson” is a countable noun 1/ I have lots of English lessons. – I don’t have lots of English lessons. 2/ I have a lot of English lessons. – I don’t have a lot of English lessons. 3/ I have many English lessons. – I don’t have many English lessons.
- “work” is an uncountable noun > I have lots of work. I have a lot of work. > I have much work. / I don’t have lots of work. I don’t have a lot of work. I don’t have much work.
Revision of the Modal Verb “WILL”
The modal verb “will” enables us to create the future simple tense:
subject + will + verb + object.
I will leave tomorrow morning.
I will learn English this year.
- I will learn
I will not learn
I won’t learn
Will I learn?
Will I not learn?
Won’t I learn?
- You will learn
You will not learn
You won’t learn
Will you learn?
Will you not learn?
Won’t you learn?
- He will learn
He will not learn
He won’t learn
Will he learn?
Will he not learn?
Won’t he learn?
- She will learn
She will not learn
She won’t learn
Will she learn?
Will she not learn?
Won’t she learn?
- It will learn
It will not learn
It won’t learn
Will it learn?
Will it not learn?
Won’t it learn?
- We will learn
We will not learn
We won’t learn
Will we learn?
Will we not learn?
Won’t we learn?
- You will learn
You will not learn
You won’t learn
Will you learn?
Will you not learn?
Won’t you learn?
- They will learn
They will not learn
They won’t learn
Will they learn?
Will they not learn?
Won’t they learn?
The modal verb “will” is also used to express:
- a request: Will you help me with this? / Won’t you lend me the car?
- an offer: I will drive you home. / We will help you with the move.
- a refusal: I will not let you down. We won’t accept these terms.
- a conditional: If it snows, I will cancel the trip. I won’t arrive on time if there is traffic.
English Speaking Practise with how many or how much exercises.
Questions and Answers
Do the following how many or how much exercises.
How much is this jacket?
It will cost you £20.
How much will the trousers cost?
They will cost you 20 pounds as well.
How much time do we need to get?
We need about 20 minutes.
How much water do you drink a day?
I drink about 2 litres.
How much did you spend at the shops?
I don’t know how much I spent.
Were there many people at the football match?
Yes, there were many people at the football match.
How many people were there?
I don’t know I think about 20,000, but I am not sure.
May I pay the bill?
No, we will go 50-50.
Will you take the tube?
No, I will walk, it is not very far.
When will another taxi arrive?
I think another taxi will arrive immediately.
Lesson 23 recap with Julia
Hi guys! Welcome back! Today we’re going to do the recap of lesson 23 together! We’re going to use this lesson as a pretext to review the pronunciation of the -S endings. We’ve seen this before but we’re going to use examples taken from today’s dialogue and grammar points. We’re going to practice the pronunciation of plurals and the third person singular of present simple.
Let’s start off with /s/ then we will do /z/ and finally we’ll see /iz/
Let’s run through today’s vocabulary!
Please repeat after me!
In England we will say: “a flat”. Sometimes people won’t understand you, depending on where you are speaking English So do also learn the word: “apartment” (1″P”).
Now let’s do a grammar review together! Today your grammar point was about countable nouns and uncountable nouns. So in today’s exercise I would like you to complete the phrase with “many” or “much”
Just as a recap:
“much” is for uncountable nouns
“many” is for countable nouns
energy: much energy
people: many people
time: much time
times: many times
traffic: much traffic
cars: many cars
food: much food
meals: many meals
how much is it?
how much is needed?
how many are needed?
That’s it for today guys!
Thanks for watching!
I look forward to seeing you next time! Bye for now!
Exercises Lesson 23