This English Lesson 22 is focusing on phrasal verbs with the verb to look. Look out!, look into, look around and many more.
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Hi students welcome back I’m Julia, your online English tutor and I’m here to
introduce you to lesson 22. Today’s focus is phrasal verbs and the verb to look. So
phrasal verbs when I generally mention this in class I get mixed reactions. I
sometimes even see fear, phrasal verbs are indeed quite scary. Because you’re
going to use the verb to look for example and you’re going to add a
preposition and these two words that have their individual meanings are going
to ignore their initial meaning and create a new semantic unit. So that’s why
phrasal verbs are quite scary they are quite unpredictable. Okay so my
recommendation today is for you just to try and learn as many of the phrasal
verbs presented to you. Throughout the dialogue, the vocabulary, the grammar, the
Q&A; and the recap. In a very simple manner try learning context try learnin
sentences which reveal the meaning of the phrasal verb. And try and learn a
synonym just a normal simple verb or a whole expression paraphrasing that that
sentence or that phrasal verb. So that’s one recommendation and just try and
learn a few at a time. I believe that there are roughly 10,000 phrasal verbs
in the dictionary I don’t even know if a native person like myself who knows all
of them. So don’t worry the purpose is just to introduce you gradually to
phrasal verbs because in my case as a British English speaker you will notice
that we love phrasal verbs. We love to use them it’s very idiomatic so so
that’s why we feel very comfortable using them and so yeah just spend some
time on them but don’t worry if you don’t know all the phrasal verbs or if
at the beginning it doesn’t seem very natural. That will come through practice. We
practice repetition so write them down write a synonym.
And those phrasal verbs that still confuse you just forget them just learn
the ones that you think are necessary and useful. So that’s the main focus
today as usual guys I really recommend that you repeat words out loud. This will
boost your confidence, help you improve your speaking skills and your listening
skills because by pronouncing correctly you will learn how to recognize the
words when they are spoken by native and non-native speakers of English. So the
focus is always grammar pronunciation and learning the key words of the day.
Turn on those subtitles in English, then in your mother tongue, then turn them off
okay so try and mix things up try and use those subtitles differently just to
challenge yourself. And if you have any questions any doubts or any examples
that you would like to share with us we love reading your comments so please
write your comments below. And for those that are new to the channel if there are
certain grammar points that you need to review just go back and watch some of
our previous lessons you will see in the description below the link to the
website and on that website you have an index with a table of contents. So if you
need to review other grammar or other vocabulary lists it’s all there on our
website. Ok guys well I will now let you start with the dialogue and I will see
you a little later for the recap part of the video. Bye bye
1/English Sentence Practice
The Indian meal
Well Peter, have you decided what we are going to eat or are you still looking at the menu?
I am looking around at the other tables and the Chicken Vindaloo seems popular.
I am looking into what is a good side dish. It must be difficult for foreigners to understand phrasal verbs.
We use them such a lot. It is simple to use a verb like look and add a preposition like for.
You have the word you need. Look at means to direct your eyes towards.
Look into means investigate. The English language is full of phrasal verbs.
There are no hard and fast rules. You just have to learn them. You Americans invent new ones all the time.
It’s true! Remember Breaking Bad, a verb plus a preposition which makes no sense.
No one had ever heard that one before. It was an expression only ever used in the town where the writer of the series lives.
Anyway, you have to go with the flow and just learn them off by heart.
Shall I order? Yes please, I am starving. I hope that the food arrives very quickly.
2/English Vocabulary Practice
- to decide
- to eat out
- to look at
- the menu
- to look around
- the other tables
- Chicken Vindaloo
- to look into
- side dish.
- It must be difficult
- to understand
- phrasal verbs
- such a lot
- It is simple
- to use
- a verb
- to look
- to add
- a preposition
- the word
- to look at
- to direct
- to investigate
- hard and fast rule
- to invent
- all the time
- It’s true!
- Breaking Bad
- to make no sense
- to hear of
- an expression
- the writer
- to go with the flow
- to learn off by heart
- Shall I order?
- I am starving.
Phrasal verbs are idiomatic phrases which consist of a verb and another element, either an adverb or a preposition.
The combination of both create a new unit of meaning, called a phrasal verb.
Example: To move + out. The meaning is not easy to deduct!
to move out = to leave one’s place of residence
Here are some of the most commonly used phrasal verbs with “look”:
- to look after = to take care of, i.e. I’m looking after my nephews this afternoon. – Would you mind looking after my cat this weekend?
- to look at = to direct one’s gaze in a specified direction, to watch, i.e. Why are they looking at me? – Look at that eagle!
- to look away = to direct one’s gaze in a different direction, i.e. I prefer to look away than to see this horror film. – I looked away from my book when I heard him come in.
- to look back on = to remember, to reminisce, i.e. He likes to look back on his days as a pilot. – Looking back on my days as a teacher I feel fulfilled.
- to look for = to search for = to seek, i.e. The police are looking for 2 suspects. – The fox was looking for food in the bins.
- to look forward to = to await with pleasure, to anticipate, i.e. I look forward to our picnic! – I am looking forward to meeting them all!
- to look into = to investigate, to explore, i.e. I’ll look into it and let you know. – Looking into the case I found some interesting new clues.
- to look out = to keep watch = to be observant, i.e. Look out for snakes! They are coming out of hibernation. – Look out! There’s a car coming!
- to look over = to review, to examine, i.e. I looked over your essay and have some suggestions. – I had a quick look over the newspaper while I was on the tube.
- to look through = to review, to read through, i.e. I only looked through the first two pages. – I looked through many books before choosing this one for you.
- to look (something) up = to search in the dictionary, i.e. I’ll have to look that word up! – Look it up if you are not sure.
- to look down on = to disdain, to regard with contempt, i.e. She was always looking down on her peers. – She looks down on her husband’s cooking.
- to look up to (someone) = to admire, i.e. He has always looked up to his father. – She has always looked up to her.
Phrasal verbs are easier to learn with a synonym or a definition as well as a translation and practice.
English Speaking Practise
Questions and Answers
Will you look after my dog this weekend?
No I won’t, I am going away.
Are you looking forward to the weekend?
Yes, I am looking forward to it.
Did you look at the television this morning?
No, I did not look at the television this morning.
Will you look into the prices of hotels?
Yes I will and I will let you know.
Will you look at this work for me please?
Yes, I will look it up immediately.
Do you look back on your holidays with joy?
Yes, I look back on them with joy.
Will you look out for a taxi please?
Yes, I will look out for one now.
Why do you look down on Brighton supporters?
I don’t know why I look down on Brighton supporters.
Why do you look away when I ask you a question?
I don’t think I look away when you ask me a question.
Are you looking forward to the game on Saturday?
No, there is no game on Saturday, it is on Sunday.
Lesson 22 recap with Julia
Hi guys! Welcome back! Let’s do a review together of lesson 22!We’re going to be doing a lot of pronunciation. There’s quite a long list of vocabulary that I would like to run through together. Then we will do a grammar review: Your grammar point today is about phrasal verbs. What I will do is give you synonyms or equivalent expressions and I have you guess what phrasal verb is missing in the sentence. Let’s get started!
First of all with the three meals of the day:
here I might insist on pronunciation but also spelling
I know that “breakfast” is quite an easy word “lunch” is also an easy word
You have breakfast
You have lunch
You have dinner (2 “N”)
if you want to use the verb “dine” don’t forget that it contains only 1 “N”: to dine
Talking about food:
my students often confuse the word “cereal” – which is a breakfast food – and a “series” singular and plural here are the same:
a series – series
Lots of people love to watch series on Netflix, for instance.
So I think this is a word that will come in extremely handy
Repeat after me!
a series – series
menu – look at the phonetic transcription
Be careful here with this word:
HEART to not be confused with the verb HURT
once again please write down how it sounds to you, to remember this
be careful with this one:
the adjective is: foreign
the noun is: foreigner (plural: foreigners)
I hear lots of different mispronunciation so please do not say “for injure” or anything like.
The pronunciation is “foreigner”
It contains three short vowel sounds: “foreigner”
So that’s it in terms of vocabulary!
Let’s now move on to your phrasal verbs of the day: phrasal verbs with the verb “look”:
to take care of
to look after
to look up to
to look down on
to search, to seek
to look for
to look at
to change the direction of one’s gaze
to look away
to look forward to
Here be really careful: one of the mistakes I often hear in the classroom is the verb form that follows “to look forward to”
when you write a letter an informal letter you can finish off by saying:
“I look forward to hearing from you”
“I look forward to receiving a response”
As you have the preposition “to”, you’re tempted to put the infinitive after:
“I look forward to hear from you” > incorrect
it’s followed by the “ing form”, by the present participle
So get some practice! Write that down!
I look forward to going on holiday!
I look forward to hearing from you!
I look forward to receiving a response!
So write that down.
I know that it seems easy but when you start writing letters, you will need this. Right now I hope that you’re writing summaries, for extra practice. Soon enough you’ll be writing all sorts of other pieces of formal writing like: letters, reports, and reviews and things that will help you in a near future with exams. So don’t worry! But get some practice. Write some emails. Write some letters in English.
That’s it for today! I hope you enjoyed this video!
I look forward to seeing you next time! Bye for now!
Exercises Lesson 22