This English Lesson 22 is focusing on phrasal verbs with the verb to look. Look out!, look into, look around and many more.
1/English Sentence Practice
The Indian meal
Well Peter, have you decided what we are going to eat or are you still looking at the menu?
I am looking around at the other tables and the Chicken Vindaloo seems popular.
I am looking into what is a good side dish. It must be difficult for foreigners to understand phrasal verbs.
We use them such a lot. It is simple to use a verb like look and add a preposition like for.
You have the word you need. Look at means to direct your eyes towards.
Look into means investigate. The English language is full of phrasal verbs.
There are no hard and fast rules. You just have to learn them. You Americans invent new ones all the time.
It’s true! Remember Breaking Bad, a verb plus a preposition which makes no sense.
No one had ever heard that one before. It was an expression only ever used in the town where the writer of the series lives.
Anyway, you have to go with the flow and just learn them off by heart.
Shall I order? Yes please, I am starving. I hope that the food arrives very quickly.
2/English Vocabulary Practice
- to decide
- to eat out
- to look at
- the menu
- to look around
- the other tables
- Chicken Vindaloo
- to look into
- side dish.
- It must be difficult
- to understand
- phrasal verbs
- such a lot
- It is simple
- to use
- a verb
- to look
- to add
- a preposition
- the word
- to look at
- to direct
- to investigate
- hard and fast rule
- to invent
- all the time
- It’s true!
- Breaking Bad
- to make no sense
- to hear of
- an expression
- the writer
- to go with the flow
- to learn off by heart
- Shall I order?
- I am starving.
Phrasal verbs are idiomatic phrases which consist of a verb and another element, either an adverb or a preposition.
The combination of both create a new unit of meaning, called a phrasal verb.
Example: To move + out. The meaning is not easy to deduct!
to move out = to leave one’s place of residence
Here are some of the most commonly used phrasal verbs with “look”:
- to look after = to take care of, i.e. I’m looking after my nephews this afternoon. – Would you mind looking after my cat this weekend?
- to look at = to direct one’s gaze in a specified direction, to watch, i.e. Why are they looking at me? – Look at that eagle!
- to look away = to direct one’s gaze in a different direction, i.e. I prefer to look away than to see this horror film. – I looked away from my book when I heard him come in.
- to look back on = to remember, to reminisce, i.e. He likes to look back on his days as a pilot. – Looking back on my days as a teacher I feel fulfilled.
- to look for = to search for = to seek, i.e. The police are looking for 2 suspects. – The fox was looking for food in the bins.
- to look forward to = to await with pleasure, to anticipate, i.e. I look forward to our picnic! – I am looking forward to meeting them all!
- to look into = to investigate, to explore, i.e. I’ll look into it and let you know. – Looking into the case I found some interesting new clues.
- to look out = to keep watch = to be observant, i.e. Look out for snakes! They are coming out of hibernation. – Look out! There’s a car coming!
- to look over = to review, to examine, i.e. I looked over your essay and have some suggestions. – I had a quick look over the newspaper while I was on the tube.
- to look through = to review, to read through, i.e. I only looked through the first two pages. – I looked through many books before choosing this one for you.
- to look (something) up = to search in the dictionary, i.e. I’ll have to look that word up! – Look it up if you are not sure.
- to look down on = to disdain, to regard with contempt, i.e. She was always looking down on her peers. – She looks down on her husband’s cooking.
- to look up to (someone) = to admire, i.e. He has always looked up to his father. – She has always looked up to her.
Phrasal verbs are easier to learn with a synonym or a definition as well as a translation and practice.
English Speaking Practise
Questions and Answers
Will you look after my dog this weekend?
No I won’t, I am going away.
Are you looking forward to the weekend?
Yes, I am looking forward to it.
Did you look at the television this morning?
No, I did not look at the television this morning.
Will you look into the prices of hotels?
Yes I will and I will let you know.
Will you look at this work for me please?
Yes, I will look it up immediately.
Do you look back on your holidays with joy?
Yes, I look back on them with joy.
Will you look out for a taxi please?
Yes, I will look out for one now.
Why do you look down on Brighton supporters?
I don’t know why I look down on Brighton supporters.
Why do you look away when I ask you a question?
I don’t think I look away when you ask me a question.
Are you looking forward to the game on Saturday?
No, there is no game on Saturday, it is on Sunday.
Lesson 22 recap with Julia
Hi guys! Welcome back! Let’s do a review together of lesson 22!We’re going to be doing a lot of pronunciation. There’s quite a long list of vocabulary that I would like to run through together. Then we will do a grammar review: Your grammar point today is about phrasal verbs. What I will do is give you synonyms or equivalent expressions and I have you guess what phrasal verb is missing in the sentence. Let’s get started!
First of all with the three meals of the day:
here I might insist on pronunciation but also spelling
I know that “breakfast” is quite an easy word “lunch” is also an easy word
You have breakfast
You have lunch
You have dinner (2 “N”)
if you want to use the verb “dine” don’t forget that it contains only 1 “N”: to dine
Talking about food:
my students often confuse the word “cereal” – which is a breakfast food – and a “series” singular and plural here are the same:
a series – series
Lots of people love to watch series on Netflix, for instance.
So I think this is a word that will come in extremely handy
Repeat after me!
a series – series
menu – look at the phonetic transcription
Be careful here with this word:
HEART to not be confused with the verb HURT
once again please write down how it sounds to you, to remember this
be careful with this one:
the adjective is: foreign
the noun is: foreigner (plural: foreigners)
I hear lots of different mispronunciation so please do not say “for injure” or anything like.
The pronunciation is “foreigner”
It contains three short vowel sounds: “foreigner”
So that’s it in terms of vocabulary!
Let’s now move on to your phrasal verbs of the day: phrasal verbs with the verb “look”:
to take care of
to look after
to look up to
to look down on
to search, to seek
to look for
to look at
to change the direction of one’s gaze
to look away
to look forward to
Here be really careful: one of the mistakes I often hear in the classroom is the verb form that follows “to look forward to”
when you write a letter an informal letter you can finish off by saying:
“I look forward to hearing from you”
“I look forward to receiving a response”
As you have the preposition “to”, you’re tempted to put the infinitive after:
“I look forward to hear from you” > incorrect
it’s followed by the “ing form”, by the present participle
So get some practice! Write that down!
I look forward to going on holiday!
I look forward to hearing from you!
I look forward to receiving a response!
So write that down.
I know that it seems easy but when you start writing letters, you will need this. Right now I hope that you’re writing summaries, for extra practice. Soon enough you’ll be writing all sorts of other pieces of formal writing like: letters, reports, and reviews and things that will help you in a near future with exams. So don’t worry! But get some practice. Write some emails. Write some letters in English.
That’s it for today! I hope you enjoyed this video!
I look forward to seeing you next time! Bye for now!
Exercises Lesson 22