The verb to be in negative form, Lesson 2 of the english beginners course.
The verb to be in the negative form and learn how to use it: you are not, I am not, we are not, they are not, and he, she, it is not.
1/ English Sentence Practice for the verb to be in negative form
You are a not student.
I am not a teacher
We are not teachers.
He is not a teacher.
She is not a student.
They are not yellow.
It is not grey (US spelling)/ gray (UK spelling).
It is not green.
They are not red.
I am not a student. – I’m not a student.
You are not a student. – You aren’t a student.
He is not a teacher. – He’s not a teacher.
She is not a student. – She’s not a student.
It is not black.
It’s not purple.
It isn’t pink.
We are not English. – We aren’t English.
You are not students. – You aren’t students.
They are not teachers. – They aren’t teachers. – They’re not teachers.
2/ Vocabulary Practice
- gray (US spelling) / grey (UK spelling)
- a student
- a teacher
- learn engliGoodbye!
3/ Verb “to be”: positive and negative form
Notice: we’re not / we aren’t, they’re not / they aren’t… Be careful to memorise both contracted forms that exist for all subjects except for the first person singular (I).
In modern English, the contraction of the personal pronoun and verb is very common: “I am” becomes “I’m” etc.
Please repeat and memorise the following list. It contains subject personal pronouns and the verb to be in negative form, the present simple / simple present, in both the complete and contracted forms (negative form).
I am not – I’m not
You are not – You aren’t – You’re not
He is not – He’s not – He isn’t
She is not – She’s not – She isn’t
It is not – It’s not – It isn’t
We are not – We aren’t – We’re not
You are not – You aren’t – You’re not
They are not – They aren’t – They’re not
Questions and Answers verb to be in negative form
4/ English Speaking Practise
You are a student.
No, you are not a student.
He is a teacher.
No, he’s not a teacher.
It is grey.
No, it is not grey.
They are yellow.
No, they are not yellow.
It is black.
No, it is not black.
We are English.
No, we are not English.
She is a student.
No, she’s not a student.
You are red.
No, you are not red.
I am a teacher.
No, I am not a teacher.
We are students.
No, we are not students.
The verb to be in the negative form, Recap of English Lesson 2 with Julia
Hi guys! Welcome back!
Let’s do the recap of lesson two together! Previously I gave you advice on pronunciation. So we’re going to be working on those vowel sounds today, to take into account the advice given in the previous recap video. But today what I’m going to do is that I’m going to run through three points.
The first point (like the second and the third points) will be a mix of grammar and pronunciation.
So, first point:
Today you saw the negative form of the verb “to be”.
I know that not everybody makes this mistake.
But it’s a mistake that I’ve heard a lot in class.
“I not” / “They not”…
Now that you’re adding the “NOT” you might be tempted to remove the verb “to be”.
“I am not”, “they are not”…
So please do not make that mistake!
Do not say:
“I not”/ “they not”.
Please add the verb “to be” before “not”.
So add “not”. And don’t remove the verb “to be”.
So that was the first piece of advice!
And with regards to the verb “to be” in the present simple, there seems to be one form in particular which is difficult to pronounce and that is the contracted form of “they are not” which is “they aren’t”.
I often hear my students say “aren’t”.
It’s not the correct pronunciation.
It is “aren’t”.
So that’s quite difficult to pronounce if you do not take your time with the vowel sound: “a”
So do not rush! Take your time!
Say “are” and then “aren’t”: “they aren’t”
So pronounce with me!
“They are not” / “They aren’t”
Okay? So practise that! That was piece of advice number one!
Number two/ Our second point is about adjectives:
Today you’re going to learn lots of different adjectives: the colours notably,
So: purple, red, white, blue, brown, and so on…
You will notice that they don’t have a plural form. They are invariable.
So if I say: “This rose is red” or “These roses are red.”
I do not say: “
“It is red” / “They are red.” So they are invariable. This is very important!
I can say: “I am an English teacher.” / “They are English teachers.”
“English” is invariable.
“They are English teachers”. This is very important!
The pronunciation of the adjectives can sometimes be difficult.
Once again speak slowly, enunciate, take your time with the vowel sounds…
Let’s practise a few together:
“white”: /ai/ gliding vowel sound
“brown”: /au/ two short vowel sounds put together
“purple”: Here we have a long vowel sound.
Here we have one short vowel sound: “red”
So practise those! Exaggerate the pronunciation!
Finally I wanted to point out that it may be difficult sometimes to remember the pronunciation of certain words.
You see the word: “white”: The “i” is pronounced /ai/
How do I remember that? Well I write it down! Just like this: “white” /ai/
You can remember the correct pronunciation.
You can apply this advice to other words like: “he’s”. The “E” is pronounced /ii/.
Write it down!
Try and find your own phonetic transcription. How does a word sound? How would that be written in my language, in my mother tongue? Find your own interpretation and write it down.
So when you look at the dialogue again, you ask yourself how to pronounce a word, you remember thanks to your notes.
For example: /ai/ > “white”.
That’s it for today! See you soon!
English Exercises Lesson 2
Beginner’s Course Index