Prepositions of time explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 19




This English lesson 19 is focusing on more prepositions  of time: in, at, on.

more prepositions  of time: in, at, on.
more prepositions  of time: in, at, on.

Dialogue

1/English Sentence Practice

The Cinema Complex

London has some very interesting cinemas. There are films from all over the world showing in Leicester Square.

Peter buys a ticket from the machine. It is quicker than waiting in a queue.

Admission to the cinema is quite expensive, you pay for the film.Then you buy some popcorn. Peter meets an old friend from Work.

Hello David how are you?  What are you doing here?I’m very well.I work here I help run the cinema.

What do you do? I have an internet marketing agency. That’s very different. Not really It’s all the rage.

I suppose so. Especially these days It’s all about selling. What time do you finish work?

I finish at around six o’clock. Why do you ask?

Well, I’m in town for the day and we can have a coffee or a bite to eat.

I am watching a film from France in the original version. Then after we can catch up.

Peter continues his visit to the cinema complex. He wants to see if he can understand without the subtitles..”

The Cinema Complex

Vocabulary

2/English Vocabulary Practice

  • some very interesting
  • cinemas
  • film – films
  • showing
  • from all over the world
  • to buy a ticket
  • from the machine
  • it is quicker
  • than waiting
  • in a queue
  • Admission
  • to be quite expensive
  • to pay for the film
  • to buy some popcorn
  • to meet a friend
  • to run the cinema
  • internet marketing agency
  • to be different
  • that’s very different
  • not really
  • it’s all the same rage
  • to suppose
  • especially
  • It’s all about
  • selling
  • to finish work
  • at around six o’clock
  • Why do you ask?
  • to be in town
  • for the day
  • to have a coffee
  • to have a bite
  • to watch a film
  • original version
  • to catch up
  • we can catch up
  • peter continues his visit
  • the cinema complex
  • without subtitles

English Grammar

Prepositions of time

Let’s learn the following prepositions that specifies time!

Prepositions of time:

  • in
  • at
  • on

Examples with “IN”

in” is generally used for

  • centuries: in the 1900s /  in the 15th century
  • decades: in the 90s
  • years: in 1984, in 72 BC, in 1984, in AD 375
  • months: in January, in August
  • weeks: in 4 weeks, in a fortnight (in 2 weeks)
  • parts of the day: in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening
  • seasons: in (the) summer, in (the) spring, in (the) winter, in (the) autumn

Examples with “ON”

“on” is generally used for:

  • days: on my birthday, on Monday, on New Year’s Eve
  • dates or specific parts of the day: on 23/03/2018, on Sunday morning, on their anniversary
  • holidays (containing the word Day): on Christmas day, on Easter Monday, on Independence Day

Examples with “AT”

“at” is generally used for:

  • weekends: at the weekend
  • hours and times: at 12 o’clock, at 9am, at 9pm, at noon, at midnight, at midday, at night, at sunset, at sunrise…
  • holidays (not containing the word Day): at Easter, at Christmas…

Questions and Answers

English Speaking Practice

Questions and Answers

Are there interesting cinemas in London?
I don’t know.

Are there films from all over the world?

There are films from France and from Italy.

Is admission to the cinema cheap?

No, admission to the cinema is expensive.

Can you buy popcorn at the cinema?

Yes, you can buy popcorn at the cinema.

Does Peter know David?

Yes, Peter  knows David.

Are they old friends?

Yes, they are old friends.

Is it my birthday?

No, it is your birthday on Monday.

Do you like going to the cinema?

Yes, I suppose so especially at the weekend.

What do you do?

I work in an Internet marketing agency.

What are you watching?

I am at the cinema watching a film.
h2>Lesson 19 recap with Julia

Hi guys! Welcome back! Let’s do a recap together of lesson 19! This is a great lesson for pronunciation! We’re going to look at all the vocabulary referring to cinema and the commonly mispronounced landmarks in London. So I’m going to use this lesson as a pretext to help you learn how to pronounce some famous places in London because at some point you may want to visit London. Many of the famous landmarks or places that you will go or that you will visit are quite difficult to pronounce. I’d like to focus on that today also so there’s a cultural aspect in today’s video. At the end we will review some of the prepositions of time (in, at, on) which you will have also discovered through the grammar video of today’s lesson.

Vocabulary referring to cinema:

This is something that my students are very used to. It’s something and that you will become familiar with throughout these videos. I very often like to write the phonetic transcription of words. I use the IPA (the international phonetic alphabet) in class but in these videos I like to simplify it. Like this you don’t have to learn about this new language, the IPA and its symbols and how it works. You just have to look at the the way it sounds. That’s what a phonetic transcription is. It is not to make it more complicated. It’s just help you remember how things are pronounced. Here this isn’t a phonetic transcription, it’s a phonetic transcription, it is a way of memorising the word cinema can also be pronounced cinema here you can write it down you can either copy that phonetic transcription if it’s how you would remember the pronunciation you can also find your own interpretation so cinema or cinema is quite British you say: “I’m going to the cinema”.

“I’m going to the cinema”

but the American version – American English

(That is something, once again, if there is a difference to be highlighted, I will introduce it in the recap video)

I, as you all know, speak British English but if there is something that is different in American English, I will highlight it and I will tell you so that you can choose:

you can speak American English if you prefer or British English the main difference is with a few spelling changes and there are few words that differ slightly but otherwise we understand each other these aren’t dialects we speak the same language but if there is a difference in pronunciation or a difference in vocabulary, I will tell you.

cinema – cinema (British English)

I go to the movies (American English)

Let’s see some more vocabulary related to cinema!

subtitles

original

version

agency – This word isn’t related to movies but I’ve put it in the list because of the sound /dj/. This sound requires a little extra work.

agency – Repeat after me: “agency” is like the word we just saw before “original”: /dj/ original

Repeat after me:

agency

original

The Prepositions of time :

with

without

admission

a queue

to show

all around the world

a cinema complex

Let’s look at London landmarks or famous places that people generally mispronounce the pretext today is:

Leicester Square

Leicester Square is the landmark that appears in the dialogue and now I’m going to give you several others we’re not going to see them all because I know that there are many more so this is something that you will see again in a different recap video
we will carry on with this list later on. So for today let’s look at these:

they will come up on the screen now with the phonetic transcription

Leicester Square

we can transcribe like this: /lester skwea/

Piccadilly Circus

Piccadilly: that’s easy to pronounce

Circus: some of my students like to mispronounce

It is “circus”

Repeat after me!
Piccadilly Circus

Tottenham Court Road

Tottenham Court Road

Repeat after me!

Tottenham Court Road

Marylebone High Street

Marylebone High Street

Shaftesbury Avenue

Chiswick

Southwark

Here we have two possible pronunciations

You can choose! You can say: Greenwich or Greenwich

Greenwich

Greenwich

Soho

I mentioned this place in one of our previous videos: Soho

It contains two gliding vowels: Soho

Borough Market

Borough Market

Buckingham Palace

and finally: Trafalgar Square!

I hope that you enjoyed that list!

Do watch the video again if it was a little fast-paced.

Do get some practice and now let’s look at today’s grammar point

just like in previous videos for grammar: I don’t go through the whole grammar point with you

you have the grammar video for that

what we do together is we just run through some of the key examples

I put the sentences up here on the screen with a gap and you have to fill them in with the right preposition

here the preposition would be: IN, AT, ON

Let’s see some examples!

See you on Monday!

See you at 2:00 p.m.

See you at Christmas!

See you on Christmas Day!

He was born in the 90s

in 2018

on March 26th

at night

in the morning

That’s it for today! Thanks for watching this video!

I’ll see you next time! Bye-bye!

Present progressive English explained in the Beginners Course 16.
Prepositions of place exercises and explanation in English 17
Prepositions of place location In English Beginners Course Lesson 18.
Prepositions of time explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 19
Prepositions of time list explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 20
Modal Verbs explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 21
Phrasal Verbs explained English Beginners Course Lesson 22
How many or how much exercises in English Beginners Course Lesson 23
The form and use of the imperative in English beginners Course 24
The verb to get in English Beginners Course Lesson 25.
Make or do exercises pdf English Beginners Course Lesson 26
Do did past simple explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 27
the simple past of to be questions English Beginners Course Lesson 28
Past simple of to have English Course Lesson 29
Regular verbs in the simple past explained in the English Course Lesson 30

Exercises Lesson 19

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice



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