This English tutorial is focusing on more Prepositions of place location and movement.
1/ English Sentence Practice
A rainy day in London
Peter takes the bus and he arrives at Victoria station. It is starting to rain a little bit.
Unfortunately, he does not have his umbrella but he does not mind the rain.
It is the month of April and usually it rains quite a lot in London.
Peter does not have his raincoat and a hat. His shoes are waterproof. He decides to walk to Leicester Square.
As it is raining slightly, there are not too many people in the streets. Peter can walk quickly.
All the people are in the coffee shops that are all over London.
It takes twenty-five minutes to go from Victoria Station to Leicester Square on foot.
The quick way is to walk through St James’s Park. It is very pretty and the wet grass smells wonderful.
London is close to Peter’s House and the bus stop is not far from his house either.
The bus is quite cheap if you buy a monthly ticket or travel card.
What is happening here? They are making a film.
2/ English Vocabulary Practice
- Peter takes the bus
- to arrive
- at Victoria station
- to start
- to rain
- it is starting to rain
- a little bit
- his umbrella
- to mind
- he doesn’t mind the rain
- month of April
- quite a lot
- a raincoat
- a hat
- His shoes are waterproof.
- to decide
- He decides to walk.
- Leicester Square
- as it is raining
- in the streets
- Peter can walk
- all the people
- in the coffee shops
- all over London
- It takes twenty-five minutes.
- to go from …to…
- on foot
- the quick way
- to walk through
- the wet grass
- to smell
- To be close to
- not far from
- to be quite cheap
- a monthly ticket
- travel card
- What is happening here?
- to make a film
English Grammar on Prepositions of place location
Prepositions of place location
Let’s learn some more Prepositions of place / location !
There are more prepositions of place:
- far from
- past (to go past)
- next to
- in front of
- out of
The plane flies over the mountains.
The ball lands over the fence.
His room is under his office.
He lives under the bridge.
She lives far from the school.
It is far from here.
She lives near the school.
I always park the car near here.
He is walking up the stairs.
I am going up to bed.
They are walking down the stairs.
It is down the street.
I walk past the office.
He is driving past the house.
He is among friends.
Dogs are among my favourite animals.
It is next to the house.
Let’s sit next to each other!
IN FRONT OF
His house is in front of mine.
The teacher is standing in front of the class.
The dog is behind the house.
The sun is behind a cloud.
The border between France and Spain.
They live between London and Brighton.
He is walking around the neighbourhood.
They are all around the place.
It flies through the room.
It comes in through the window.
I am out of the office.
She lives out of town.
It is on the table.
It is sitting on the floor.
It is inside the box.
He listens to music inside the car.
It is above the shop.
Hold it above your head!
English Speaking Practise
What is inside the box?
I do not know what is inside the box.
What is above your head?
The umbrella is above my head.
What is on the table?
The cup is on the table.
Who is out of the office?
Robert is out of the office, he is in the coffee shop.
What is between France and Spain?
The Pyrenees are between France and Spain.
What is behind the door?
The cat is behind the door.
What is in front of the house?
The car is in front of the house.
Is the school far from the house?
No, the school is not far from the house.
What is under the car?
The dog is sleeping under the car.
What are among your favourite animals?
Dogs are among my favourite animals.
Lesson Recap with your teacher, Julia
Let’s do a recap together of lesson 18!
This lesson contains lots of different words and lots of different excuses for me to present you with pronunciation tips!
First and foremost I would like to remind you of the three different ways of pronouncing the “S” ending.
For those that have been with me since the beginning, since lesson 1, this point will start to be extremely familiar. And for those who just started at less than 16, this might be quite new. In any case, it’s something I recommend that you practise very often because even with very high level students the “S” ending isn’t always pronounced perfectly.
Let’s work on it quite regularly so that you feel confident and pronounce it in most cases perfectly!
So the “S” ending is your plurals – most plurals end in “S”.
The third person singular of the present simple also ends in “S”
That’s how often you’re going to come across the “S” ending!
This “S” ending can be pronounced:
Let’s look at some examples:
/s/ takes, stops, tickets
repeat after me, exaggerating that ending:
takes, stops, tickets
arrives, decides, rains
Repeat after me slowly. Then we will say it faster:
arrives, arrives, decides, decides, rains, rains
third pronunciation: /iz/
houses, houses, carries, carries
In this dialogue, talking about /z/ and /s/ sounds, you have the word: close
it is close
Some of my students may be tempted to mispronounce this and say: to close, because they’ve heard that before. What they’re doing is they’re confusing:
close and closed
close (adjective) is pronounced /s/ It is close = It is nearby.
It is closed = it is not open = it is shut closed /z/ (to close: verb)
Be careful there! I just wanted to point that out.
Another sound that is often confusing for my learners is:
the /SH/ and the /TCH/ sounds
station – cheap
Repeat after me: station – cheap
So there are lots of different pronunciation tips in this lesson as I told you.
Here a few more. Let’s look at the vocabulary of today’s lesson.
Lots of useful vocabulary especially if you’re going to England and it’s raining!
Let’s read the list together. Repeat after me:
Some adverbs which you will use very frequently:
Talking about adverbs, for those who have just arrived, I’d like to do a quick recap!
Lots of adverbs like: “very” and “quite” are unique.
That’s how they are but lots of adverbs are actually created taking the adjective “clear” and adding “LY”.
That’s why in the text you have other adverbs which you immediately recognise:
clear – clearly
slow – slowly
So that is quite straightforward. So that’s an easy way of recognising an adverb.
The difficulty – this is a spelling mistake that I see quite a lot. If you if you have an adjective like “wonderful”
“wonderful” already has an “L” at the end.
So when you transform that into an adverb you’re going to have
two “L”: wonderfully
So where’s the difficulty? Where do people make mistakes?
Well, when they put it back into the adjective form, they leave the two “L”
mm-hmm! That is a mistake.
So be careful there. Look at my screen! You have:
wonderful one L
wonderfully two L
Do not write the adjective with two “L”!
That is the adverb influencing you. There’s just one “L” for adjectives and two for adverbs
In this dialogue you have a really practical expression, a phrase which is:
“it takes me”
it takes me ten minutes
it takes me 10 minutes to go from A to B
it takes me ten minutes to get to B
So how long does it take you?
It takes me a while
it doesn’t take me long
So try to use that when you write a summary. That’s one of my obsessions: write summaries!
If you write a summary of each dialogue that you study and talk about in class, you will feel so much more confident with sentence structure. So all these tips that I’m giving you what would be absolutely wonderful is if you took those elements plus the story of the dialogue and you wrote a summary or typed up a summary.
Then at the beginning of your next lesson you showed that summary to your teacher with that kind of practice all you’re doing is you’re consolidating all these things which, I’m sure, when we’re discussing them, when I’m explaining them to you, seem very self explanatory, very easy, and they are.
But it’s only one so you put them into a context of writing or having a conversation that flows that you have all these doubts.
What was it?
in, at, on? Was it “by”? Was it “in”? How do I say this clearly? Is it “quite”? What do I say?
So how do you incorporate all those vocabulary and grammar elements into a sentence?
Well it’s always easier to practise in writing because nobody’s waiting for you you’re not having a conversation and someone’s like: okay she or he is taking a while to to come up with a sentence…
If you’re at home and you’re creating that sentence, you can stop, you can look at the video, you can look in the dictionary and you can make that sentence.
That sentence may contain mistakes but that’s part of the learning process,
At least do that because you’re not under pressure you can create some nice sentences.
Practise and when you have a conversation, you will have all this practice behind you. So you will be more confident and you’ll create more complex and more organised sentences.
And to finish today’s recap video I would like to do like last time:
I’m going to have sentences here come up with a gap and I would like you to complete each of these sentences with the right preposition today you saw more complex prepositions of place. So I would like you just to take a minute, look at the sentence, guess what preposition is missing and then the answer will appear on the screen
So I’m going to give you about 10 examples:
Are you ready? let’s get started!
the river goes UNDER the bridge
it takes her five minutes to get to school. She lives near the school
he is not alone. He is among friends.
I can’t answer my emails. I am out of the office.
The delivery is inside the box
it is after the post office. You have to walk past the post office.
He is not walking down the stairs.
he is walking up the stairs
it takes her an hour to get to school.
She lives far from the school.
That’s it for today! Thanks for watching this video! I’ll see you soon!
Exercises Lesson 18