This English tutorial is focusing on the prepositions of place: in, at, on.
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Hi guys welcome back for those who are new to the course. I’m Julia, your online
English teacher and I’m here to simply present the lessons content and coincide
with you a little later for the recap. So in today’s lesson in this English
tutorial we will be doing obviously a lot of English speaking practice but we
will also learn about prepositions of place. So at the end of the video don’t
forget to then go on to the exercises. You’ve got a preposition of place
exercise and so do focus on that it is very useful prepositions are very often
problematic for my learners even high-level learners speakers of English.
They struggle with when to use one preposition or another. So don’t worry if
it takes time so do use the exercises practice a lot until it becomes more
natural and more systematic. So if you haven’t done so already do turn on these
subtitles they exist in English and Spanish and German and Arabic and many
other languages. So do turn them on and if you have any particular questions or
doubts or if you want to give us feedback please use the comment section
below. So in today’s lesson as usual you will
be following the standard order you will start with a story the dialogue, followed
by the keywords, Read out loud for pronunciation vocabulary then we will
look at prepositions of place that’s the grammar point of today. We will then look
at the Q&A; questions and answers which is just some more speaking practice. And
at the end we will coincide for the recap part of the video. Okay guys
time to study I’ll see you later bye bye.
1/ English Sentence Practice with prepositions of place exercises.
A trip to London
PETER: Today I am taking the bus to go to London. I eat a lot of food. In London, there is much to see and you can walk everywhere.
JOHN: People that eat a lot of food need to do exercise. I am standing at the bus stop.
PETER: Hello John! How are you? I am well.
JOHN: Hello Peter! Where are you going?
PETER: I am going to London on the bus.
JOHN: That is very wise, people that drive to the city find it difficult to park.
PETER: I need the exercise. I need to walk more often. I eat too much.
I have a problem. I love eating and I work in an office.
I have got fat. I am overweight. I must lose some weight.
JOHN: Here is the bus, have a nice day! And I hope to see you soon!
2/ English Vocabulary Practice
- to take the bus
- I am taking the bus
- to go to London
- a lot of food
- in London
- there is much to see
- to walk
- you can walk
- people that eat
- to do exercise
- Where are you going?
- I am going to London
- on the bus
- That is very wise.
- more often
- I eat too much.
- to have a problem
- to love eating
- in an office
- I have got fat.
- to be overweight
- I must lose
- some weight
- Here is the bus.
- Have a nice day!
- to see you soon
Prepositions of place exercises and explanations / location: in, at, on
Let’s see how to use Prepositions of place / location: in, at, on.
“in” is used in many prepositions of place exercises :
- large areas
- enclosed spaces
I live in England.
I work in London.
in South Kensington
I am shopping in South Kensington.
in (large area)
in Hyde Park
I am jogging in Hyde Park.
in the sky
They are flying through the sky.
in (enclosed spaces)
- in a car
- in a taxi
- in a helicopter
- in a lift, in an elevator
- in the garden
- in a box
- in my pocket
- in a building
in a row
in the newspapers
“on” is used for:
- public transport or transport
- surfaces (= on top of)
- streets, avenues
- more specific places
on (public transport, transport)
- on a bus,
- on a train,
- on a plane,
- on a ship,
- on a bicycle,
- on a horse…
- on the wall
- on the floor
- on a page
- on the menu
on (streets, avenues)
- on Oxford Street
- on the high street
- on Brick Lane
on (more specific places)
- on the corner
- on the edge
- on the right, on the left
- on television
- on the way
“at” is used for very specific locations (smaller):
- a point, a specific location
at (specific location)
- at the entrance
- at the top
- at the bottom
- at the front desk
- at the shop
- at the Guggenheim Museum
- at Buckingham Palace
- at Tower Bridge
- at 21 Oxford Street
- at the bus stop
- at the crossroads
- at the dentist’s
- at Bond Street station
Be careful as some expressions with “at” do not use an article:
- at home > I am at home.
- at work > We are at work.
- at school > He is at school.
- at university > They are at university.
- at reception > She is waiting at reception.
English Speaking Practise for prepositions of place exercises.
Questions and Answers
Why are you taking the bus?
I am taking the bus to go to London.
Why are you going to London?
I am going to London to go to the cinema.
Are you going to eat in London?
Yes, I am going to eat in London.
Why do you not drive to London?
There is too much traffic and there is nowhere to park.
Do you know John?
Yes I know John, he is a friend.
Do you like to eat?
Yes, I like to eat too much.
Have you got a problem?
Yes, I have a problem, I am too fat.
Do you walk?
Yes, I walk.
Do you need to exercise?
Yes I need to exercise more often.
Are you overweight?
Yes, I am overweight but so are you. See you soon!
Lesson 17 Recap with Julia
Hi guys! Welcome back!
Let’s see the recap of lesson 17 together!
This is a great lesson that has lots of new vocabulary and a very useful grammar point! Today I’m going to anticipate certain common mistakes and certain difficulties, especially with regards to vocabulary. I won’t spend that much time on grammar. We’ll do about ten examples together just to revise. But I think the grammar video that you have is very detailed. So watch that and together let’s just put some of that knowledge into practice! Let’s focus mainly on the vocabulary and pronunciation. Today you saw lots of new words and some of these are confusing.
For example the words:
To simplify: When someone goes on holiday you say:
“How was your trip?”
The “trip” is the whole experience. It is going there. It’s being there. It’s coming back. So that is a “trip”. That’s how you use the word “trip”. How was your business trip? How was your trip to Thailand? That is how you use the word “trip”!
The word “journey“. Here be careful with the pronunciation. It’s once again that sound /dj/ that we’ve seen before. We saw it in lesson 16 together. Do you remember? It was in the word in the word “enjoy“, just like: job, judge, engineer, okay? This word here: “journey” is more A to B. How was the journey? It was exhausting, It was long. That’s what you use the word “journey” for. How was your journey? It was perfect. It went well. It was short. It wasn’t stressful. That’s how you use this word. So don’t confuse the word “trip” and “journey”
Finally the word: “travel“: This is where people get confused even more. I would just recommend that you use the word “travel” as a verb. I travel a lot for work. I travel. Don’t use “travel” so much as a noun:
a travel: we don’t really say that! How are your travels going? – this sounds very old-fashioned.
So forget about that. Just use a “trip” and “a journey” and use the verb “to travel“.
Talking about travel and transport, you also have short sentences here.
The difficulty here lies mainly with the preposition.
So when you say:
- how do you go to work?
- I go to work by bus
- I go to work on the bus
Here you have the choice between different prepositions.
- I go in my car
- I go on the bus
- I travel by car
- I travel by bus
- I travel by metro
Be careful: you can use both prepositions! But get some practice! Try to make your own sentences. Write them down and next time you go to class or next time you have a Skype class do run through those sentences with your eacher who will then be able to tell you if you have used the right preposition, the right verb, if you’re using all this new vocabulary and grammar correctly.
In this dialogue you also have vocabulary related to fitness and weight.
So just for pronunciation, repeat after me:
exercise – exercises
you can exercise (it is a verb)
but you can also use it as a noun:
I do exercise
I don’t do much exercise
I do a lot of exercise
In the context of language learning, you can use it in the plural form:
I have lots of grammar exercises to complete before next class.
What I’d like to point out here is:
over – weight
weight: That second part of the word is pronounced the same way as the verb “to wait”
weight – wait
I’m telling you this because when you see the word “overweight“: wow, that spelling is complicated!
So just remember that it may be difficult to spell but to pronounce it is as easy as the verb “to wait”
overweight – wait
This lesson also contains the verb
I love eating – I love to eat
I’m highlighting this verb because many of y students and this is despite them having high level or low level, it doesn’t matter, it’s a mistake that I see a lot in class. I would like to just run through this rule together so that you become aware of this mistake and you avoid it you cannot say: I love eat
You cannot use an infinitive without “TO” – it isn’t correct
You can use the “ing form”:
I like eating / I love eating
or you can use the infinitive with “TO”
I love to eat / I like to eat
Do be careful today with the modal verb “MUST”
I know that many of my students who aren’t total beginners have most probably seen this grammar point before:
can, must, will – all those verbs are called modal verbs
They’re quite peculiar, different to our standard verb because they come from German grammar.
That’s why they are very different.
I told you just two minutes ago:
“I like to eat” “I want to eat”
But “MUST” and “CAN” are the two modals that you’ve seen so far in this course.
They cannot be followed by “TO”. It just contradicts the previous rule but that’s because modals or modal verbs are different.
You can say: I can speak Spanish
You can’t say:
I can to speak Spanish.
That is not okay – that is a horrible mistake! Please don’t make that mistake!
The verb “MUST”:
I must wake up early.
You can’t say:
I must to…. That does not exist
Just accept the fact that we’ve inherited that grammar and that’s why none of the previous rules apply to those verbs.
That’s just a little introduction to what modal verbs are about
Finally I would like to review the grammar point of the day with you:
the prepositions of place: in, at, on
On my screen we’re going to have a few examples that are going to appear, just here.
These sentences are going to contain a gap.
I would like you to take a minute, read the sentence, and then fill in that sentence using “IN”, “AT, or “ON”.
What is the answer here?
I am at the bus stop.
Sentence number two:
the dog is in the garden
My brother is at the office.
they are at the park
I am on the bus
The shops are on Oxford Street
See you at home!
The kids are at school.
The students are at university.
They are on a plane.
They are in Soho.
That’s it for today! Thanks for watching this video!
I’ll see you next time! Bye bye!
Exercises Lesson 17