This English tutorial is focusing on the spelling changes to -ing forms, and the revision of present progressive english orpresent continuous.
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Hi guys welcome back welcome to lesson 16 I’m Julia, your online English teacher.
Today we will discover together the spelling changes to the ING forms when
using the present continuous also called present progressive. So that’s today’s
grammar focus but as usual please pay attention to the way words are
pronounced. So really spend time working on pronunciation I think that really
helps with memorizing words correctly speaking with confidence and
understanding a variety of accents. So if you haven’t done so already do turn the
captions on the subtitles they exist in English and many other languages if
throughout the video you feel that things are going too fast don’t hesitate
to go back change the language of the subtitles until you are completely
comfortable with that part of the lesson. If after let’s say 2 or 3 sections so
once you’ve done the dialogue, the vocabulary, the grammar, the QA you still
have doubts don’t hesitate to post your comments. After those 4 first elements
you will have the recap video. Now my recap videos you will notice will become
more of a pretext than an exact review. I use the recap part of the video to
present you with things that are sometimes simply linked to today’s
vocabulary or grammar. So if you have questions do not hesitate to write your
comment below in the comment section. I will now let you study and I will see
you later, bye bye.
1/ English Sentence Practice for the present progressive english
MAN: We are now ready to communicate. Are you understanding everything so far?
If you are not understanding please return to previous lessons and repeat.
When you are learning a language, it is important to have a solid base.
Please read out loud and do not be shy. Copy the way I speak.
Listen to the way I speak. You really try to imitate. You try the same with other characters.
Many people have a good level of English grammar but natives do not understand their English speaking.
This is because they do not change their accent.
Please put comments on this page. So I can improve the lessons.
I hope you are enjoying the lessons!
2/ English Vocabulary Practice
- to be ready
- to communicate
- Are you understanding?
- so far
- If you are not understanding…
- please return
- to previous lessons
- to repeat
- When you are learning…
- it is important
- a solid base
- out loud
- to read out loud
- to be shy
- do not be shy
- to copy
- copy the way
- listen to the way
- to try
- to imitate
- to try the same
- other characters
- to have a good level
- English grammar
- their English speaking
- this is because
- to change
- they do not change
- their accent
- to put comments
- on this page
- to improve
- I can improve
- to hope
- you are enjoying
Revision of the present continuous / present progressive english.
Revision of the present continuous / present progressive english and spelling changes made to the verb when creating the -ing form.
We use the present continuous / present progressive for:
- things happening now: I’m eating.
- temporary situations: I am feeling better.
- future plans: I am going to London next month.
The present participle or -ing form is formed:
1/ Verb + -ing
to play > playing
to go > going
to eat > eating
to do > doing
to say > saying
2/ Verb + double the last consonant + ing
to get > get + t + ing > getting
to sit > sit + t + ing > sitting
to swim > swim + m + ing > swimming
to skip > skip + p + ing > skipping
to travel > travel + l + ing > travelling
to regret > regret + t + ing > regretting
3/ Verb + removing the -e + adding -ing
take > taking
make > making
shake > shaking
4/ Verb + removing the -ie + adding -ing
die > dying
lie > lying
The present continuous is formed:
Subject + am/are/is + present participle or ing form
I am learning
you are learning
he is working
they are working
English Speaking Practise
English Speaking Practise
Are you now ready to communicate?
Yes, I am now ready to communicate.
Do you understand everything?
Yes, I do understand everything.
Are you returning to previous lessons?
Yes, I am returning to previous lessons when I don’t understand something.
You are understanding everything, am I right?
Yes you are right, I am understanding everything.
Is it important to pronounce well?
Yes it is very important to pronounce well.
Why is it important to pronounce well?
When you pronounce well, people understand you and it is easy to remember words.
How can I improve my pronunciation?
You are repeating everything out loud.
Are you enjoying the lessons?
Yes I am learning English and I am having fun.
Can you try and copy my accent?
Yes, I can try.
Why is it important to copy?
Because I am a native and it is important that a native can understand you.
Lesson Recap with Julia
Hi guys! I’m Julia, your English teacher!
Welcome back to those who have already completed the A1 level with me and a warm welcome to those starting the course today with lesson 16 which marks the beginning of level A2!
Now you must be wondering: what are these recap videos? In a nutshell, at the end of each lesson, I will be appearing in a video and together we will do a revision of the key words of the lesson. So there are lots of pronunciation tips!
And we will also incorporate some grammar examples. So with me, in the recap videos, the idea is to cover common mistakes so that you feel even more confident using the new vocabulary and the new grammar of each lesson! That’s about it! So let’s get started with recap video number 16!
Today I would like to focus on four points:
- first of all, some general pronunciation advice,
- then some words – some are in the text, some aren’t – just to go through a silent letter.
- Then we’ll look at the vocabulary, the key words of today.
- And then we will do a quick grammar review to finish off.
Here is some general pronunciation advice:
I know that many of my students are worried about spending too much time on pronunciation because they assume that pronunciation is only important if we want to get rid of a foreign accent. No, it’s not! It is one of many ways of getting rid of a foreign accent. But the focus here is just for you to speak clearly, to be understood. So basically it is for you to speak and communicate with confidence! Here are three tips. Here are three pieces of advice:
First of all: speak slowly.
Once you get a higher level, you can speed things up and speak faster and still have a clear pronunciation. So first of all: speak clearly! Just like I am trying to do: I am speaking clearly.
Second piece of advice: you must enunciate. That means that every time you have a vowel sound, so a sound containing a, e, i, o, u. There are 20 combinations in the English language (20 vowel sounds). So really take your time with the vowel sounds and enunciate.
The third piece of advice is: you must stress or emphasise the beginning of each word. We will see that that sometimes isn’t true. That rule is slightly more complex. But let’s work on that. When there is an exception I will let you know.
Those three pieces of advice please try and put them into practice today and in the following lessons with me.
Let’s look at a silent letter!
A silent letter is a letter that appears in written English but is not pronounced. The word in today’s lesson that contains a silent “T” is:
Here are other words containing that silent “T” that aren’t in today’s dialogue. But let’s just repeat them together to practise. We have the words:
You will already have heard this word on an aeroplane when they say:
“Fasten your seat belts before take-off”
like Edinburgh Castle
Let’s repeat the entire list together with confidence, stressing the beginning of the word, enunciating and speaking slowly!
Let’s look at vocabulary contained in today’s dialogue, grammar, or questions and answers.
Repeat after me!
character – characters
enjoy – be careful as this word contains the sound /dj/ just like: job, judge, engineer
change (sound /dj/ like: “enjoy”)
Final word: because
In spoken English you’ll often hear it shortened
“because” will become “‘cause” “cos”
It’s not the best way of saying this. But it’s very common.
because – ’cause / cos
It is not pretty so please don’t use it, but at least start to identify it.
I am here because I want to learn English.
I’m here because I want to learn English.
It’s cooler, it’s more modern but it’s not very correct, ok?
because – ’cause / cos
Let’s do a quick grammar review!
Today’s lesson focused on the present continuous. This tense is also called the present progressive. Once again I’m telling you this. You don’t need to know all this.
But at least if you’ve heard it before and you see it in a book “present progressive”? I know that! “Present continuous”: it’s the same thing!
So depending on the book it may be called one way or another!
Most importantly: how do we form this tense? Today you saw that. Let’s just do a quick recap!
You form this tense by conjugating the verb “to be” (am, are, is) in the present simple using that verb “to be” as an auxiliary (the first part of the complex tense) adding after that an “ing form”, your verb to which we add “ing” – that is also called a present participle.
The difficulty here is more the spelling of the present participle.
How do I spell it? Remember you saw four rules in today’s grammar video
The first rule is:
taking the verb: “play” and adding “-ing”
I am playing, he is playing, we are playing
It’s very simple: you just add “-ing”
In the three other rules there is a spelling change.
improve: it has an “E”. We remove the “E” and add “ING.
improve: I am improving, you are improving, etc.
The third rule (or maybe it’s not in that order so please forgive me if I’m confusing you)
but the third rule here that appears on my screen is: “to put”
I am putting
Here I’ve doubled the consonant.
“put + t + ing”: I am putting
The fourth rule is: “LIE”
If my verb ends in “IE” I have to change “IE” to “Y+ ING”:
I am lying, you are lying, they are lying
That’s it for today!
I hope you enjoyed this video and the lesson! If you feel that this video was a little too much, please go and watch the dialogue again, watch the grammar video again, practise with the exercises. Then come back to this video. This video is ideal for revision, not for discovery. So if all the content that I’ve presented you with today is very new, don’t worry! It just means you need to spend a little more time on the actual lesson, on the platform, before coming back and watching this video again.
In any case I thank you ever so much for watching! I look forward to seeing you in our next lesson!
Exercises Lesson 16