Positive present simple explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 10




Positive present simple English Beginners Course Lesson 10

how to make the present simple tense
the present simple tense (positive form)

This English tutorial is focusing on some clear explanations about how to form the present simple tense (or simple present tense) in English, with a lot of practice exercises.

Dialogue

1/ English Sentence Practice for positive present simple

ENGLISH WOMAN IN THE CAR: I like to travel.

AUSTRALIAN WOMAN ON THE RIGHT, IN THE CAR: You travel by plane a lot. We travel by train.

They travel by motorbike. He prefers to travel by car. She prefers to travel by motorbike.

ENGLISH MAN ON THE TUBE: In London, I like to travel by tube / metro / subway.

When she goes on holiday she likes to fly.

Peter likes to drive. He can drive a motorcycle.

We set off tomorrow. We go on holiday.

ENGLISH WOMAN: We need a holiday because we work a lot.

AMERICAN MAN ON THE SUBWAY: Every day we commute to go to work. It is not cheap.

ENGLISH WOMAN: You arrive at work together. He likes travelling.

AMERICAN MAN: There is always traffic so I go to the station on my motorbike.

I go to the airport. There is a train station and a metro station there.

If you have little luggage, planes are not expensive. It is relaxing on the plane.

The roads are too crowded.

English Vocabulary positive present simple

2/ Vocabulary Practice:

 

  • To travel by…
  • positive present simple
  • To travel by plane
  • To travel by train
  • To travel by motorbike / motorcycle
  • To travel by car
  • To travel by metro
  • To travel by subway
  • Tube  metro subway
  • To fly
  • To set off
  • To go on holiday
  • To need
  • To commute
  • To go to work
  • To arrive
  • To like
  • He likes to travel
  • He likes travelling
  • The traffic
  • The airport
  • The station
  • The train station
  • The metro station
  • Luggage
  • The roads
  • Crowded
  • Relaxing
  • Expensive
  • Cheap
  • To finish
  • To study
  • Homework

English Grammar

3/ Positive form in the present simple / simple present.

Positive present simple We have to add an -s to the third person singular: he/she/it in the present simple

Examples:

I eat cheese. > He eats cheese.

Please note that the third person singular (he, she, it) has a different ending to all the others. We add -s

to like

I like

you like

he likes

she likes

it likes

we like

you like

they like

Try to conjugate the following verbs:

to speak, to work, to travel…

Be careful as some verbs change spelling slightly with the third person singular (he/she/it):

a/ Verb + -es

I finish > he finishes, she finishes, it finishes

I go > he goes, she goes, it goes

I do > he does, she does, it does

b/ Verb ending in a consonant + y, we remove the -y and add +ies:

I fly > he flies, she flies, it flies

I study > he studies, she studies

Certain verbs are also conjugated totally differently, for instance: “to do”, “to be”, “to have” and “can”:

to do

I do

You do

He does

She does

It does

We do

You do

They do

to be

I am

You are – you’re

He is – he’s

She is – she’s

It is – it’s

We are – we’re

You are – you’re

They are – they’re

to have

I have – I’ve

You have – you’ve

He has

She has

It has

We have – we’ve

You have – you’ve

They have – they’ve

can

I can

you can

he can

she can

it can

we can

you can

they can

English Speaking Practise

4/ Questions and Answers

Can we travel by plane?
No, but we can travel by train.

Can we go on holiday?
No, we cannot go on holiday.

You prefer trains or planes?
I prefer trains.

Is it cheap?
No, it is not cheap, it is expensive.

Are the roads crowded?
No, the roads are not crowded.

Are you at work?
No, I am not at work. I am at home.

Why are you at home?
Because I have no work today.

Are they commuting to work?
Yes, they are commuting to work.

Is there traffic?
Yes there is always traffic.

He travels by plane.
Yes, he travels by plane.

Recap with your teacher, Julia

Hey guys!

Welcome back! Let’s do a recap together of lesson 10! This lesson is very dense. It contains a load of vocabulary of transport and travel. So in this video we are going to do a mix of grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and sentence structure.

So let’s start off with the correct preposition to use when talking about transport or travel.

If I say “I travel” I will use the preposition “by“.

If I use the verb “go” I will use the preposition “on” or “in”.

To travel + by:

I travel by plane.

I travel by train.
I travel by car.

I travel by motorbike.
I travel by bike.

to travel + by

to go > I will use a different preposition or different prepositions

I go in my car.
I go on my bike.

I go on my motorbike.
I go on the train.

I go on a plane.

So watch out there! There are different prepositions!

We’re going to use “on” or “in”.

Get some practice! Write those sentences down and repeat them in front of a mirror. Become comfortable with sentence structure.

Here are some more words related to transport and travel!

We have the words:

commute – I commute

traffic – there is a lot of traffic

luggage (“luggages” does not exist)

Where is my luggage?

My luggage is heavy.

Here is more vocabulary for you:

metro” is a generic term. People generally understand this word.

But if you are going to London, for example, you will hear the word “tube”.

We generally say: Where is the tube (station)?

I travel by tube.

I am on the tube.

That is the word in London, in England, in the UK even.

If you travel to the New York, if you go to the States, you will see the word: “subway”.

If you say:

“Where is the tube?” they will look at you and wonder: ”What are you talking about?”

“Where is the metro?” is something they might understand more.

But if you say: “Where is the subway?” then you are speaking their language.

Where is the subway?

The subway (station) is over there.

I travel the subway.

I go by subway.

Look at that! You have: metro, tube, subway.

They all mean the same but try to adapt your vocabulary!

As you may have noticed: I speak British English but when there is a difference, I will highlight it. This way you can learn whichever you prefer: more American English or more British English. Or at least this way you will become aware of these differences. This dialogue also contains a few adjectives which are very useful relaxing,

cheap > be careful with its pronunciation,

its opposite is: expensive

Finally let’s finish this recap video with a quick grammar point! It is quick but it is very very important!

Lots of my students whether they are at an A1/A2 level (like you guys) or at a higher level, they all make this mistake.

You cannot say: “I like eat”.

You cannot say that. It does not exist.

You can say either of the following two sentences:

I like to eat. I like eating.

What has happened here? You cannot say: “I like eat”.

You can’t put the bare infinite (the infinite without “to”). It does not work.

You can put the full infinite: I like to eat.

Or you can put the -ing form: I like eating.

Please get some practice! Write lots of sentences.

You can use today’s vocabulary (travel, transport).

For example:

I like to travel by plane.

I like to go by bus.

I like going by bus.

I like travelling by plane.

Try to get some practice! Write things down so that you avoid that horrid mistake that I mentioned before!

That’s it really!

That’s it for today!

Thanks for watching!

I will see you soon!

Bye for now!

The Verb to be in English Beginners Course Lesson 1.
The verb to be in negative form English Beginners Course Lesson 2
Verb to be questions English Beginners Course Lesson 3
What why how when where who in English Beginners course lesson 4
Possessive adjectives explained English Beginners course Lesson 5.
Explaining Adjectives and adverbs in English Beginners course Lesson 6
Some any every exercise explained in our English Beginners Course 7.
Possessive pronouns explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 8
The modal verb can explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 9.
Positive present simple explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 10
Questions in the negative form explained in English Beginners Course 11.
Countable nouns vs uncountable nouns explained in English Beginners 12.
Positive form of present simple explained in English Beginners Course 13.
Present simple tense explained in English Beginners Course Lesson 14
The form of present continuous explained in English Beginners Course 15.

Claremont McKenna College

Exercises Lesson 10

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice



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