English Beginners Course Lesson 10

Introduction

This tutorial is focusing on, some clear explanations about how to make the present simple tense, (or simple present tense) in English, with a lot of practice exercises.

Dialogue

1/Sentence Practice

I like to travel.

You travel by plane a lot. We travel by train

They travel by motorbike, he prefers to travel by car.

She prefers to travel by motorbike. In London, I like to travel by tube / metro / subway.

When she goes on holiday she likes to fly – Peter likes to drive. He can drive a motorbike.

We set off tomorrow. We go on holiday. We need a holiday because we work a lot.

Every day we commute to go to work. It is not cheap.

You arrive at work together.  He likes travelling.

There is always traffic so I go to the station on my motorbike.

I go to the airport. There is a train station and a metro station there.

If you have little luggage, planes are not expensive. It is relaxing on the plane.

The roads are too crowded.

Vocabulary

2/Vocabulary Practice:

  • To travel by…
  • To travel by plane
  • To travel by train
  • To travel by motorbike
  • To travel by car
  • To travel by  metro
  • To travel by subway
  • Tube  metro subway
  • To fly
  • To set off 
  • To go on holiday
  • To need
  • To commute 
  • To go to work
  • To arrive
  • To like 
  • He likes to travel 
  • He likes travelling
  • The traffic
  • The airport
  • The station 
  • The train station
  • The metro station
  • Luggage
  • The roads
  • Crowded
  • Relaxing
  • Expensive
  • Cheap
  • To finish
  • To study
  • Homework 

Grammar

3/Positive form in the present simple / simple present.

We have to add an -s to the third person singular: he/she/it in the present simple

Examples:

I eat cheese. > He eats cheese.

Please note that the third person singular (he, she, it) has a different ending to all the others. We add -s

to like

I like

you like

he likes

she likes

it likes

we like

you like

they like

Try to conjugate the following verbs:

to speak, to work, to travel…

Be careful as some verbs change spelling slightly with the third person singular (he/she/it):

a/ Verb + -es

I finish > he finishes, she finishes, it finishes

I go > he goes, she goes, it goes

I do > he does, she does, it does

b/ Verb ending in a consonant + y, we remove the -y and add +ies:

I fly > he flies, she flies, it flies

I study > he studies, she studies

Certain verbs are also conjugated totally differently, for instance: “to do”, “to be”, “to have” and “can”:

to do

I do

You do

He does

She does

It does

We do

You do

They do

to be

I am

You are -you’re

He is – he’s

She is – she’s

It is – it’s

We are – we’re

You are – you’re

They are – they’re

to have

I have – I’ve

You have – you’ve

He has

She has

It has

We have – we’ve

You have – you’ve

They have – they’ve

can

I can

you can

he can

she can

it can

we can

you can

they can

Questions and Answers

4/Questions and Answers

Can we travel by plane?
No, but we can travel by train.

 

Can we go on holiday?
No, we cannot go on holiday.

 

You prefer trains or planes?
I prefer trains.

 

Is it cheap?
No, it is not cheap, it is expensive.

 

Are the roads crowded?
No, the roads are not crowded.

 

Are you at work?
No, I am not at work. I am at home.

 

Why are you at home?
Because I have no work today.

 

Are they commuting to work?
Yes, they are commuting to work.

 

Is there traffic?
Yes there is always traffic.

 

He travels by plane.
Yes, he travels by plane.

Exercises Lesson 10

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice

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