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Lección 70

Introducción

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Diálogo

1/Sentence Practice

The present time can be divided up into various forms.

 Present simple

Peter is watching the television, Saturday afternoon means sport in England.    (general trut
He doesn’t always watch football but today his favourite side’s match is being broadcast. (Current habits)
Peter is a lifelong Crystal Palace supporter. (permanent situations and states)
A man goes to heaven and meets  Saint Peter at the Pearly gates. Peter tells him that his record has not been very good and that in order to enter, he has to go back to earth to perform an act to show his devotion. Saint Peter tells him that he has a choice between going back to earth to move the Sahara desert to India or helping Crystal Palace win the league championship.
The man says to Saint Peter, give me the bucket and spade. (telling jokes and informal stories)
Just then the commentator says. Zaha passes to Benteke and it’s a goal. (Live sports commentary)
Peter imagines tomorrows headlines. Palace win against the odds. (newspaper headlines)
The game ends with a win for Crystal Palace but they are still uncertain of their future in the premiership.
(Reviews and summaries)
Don’t count your chickens before they hatch. (Proverbs and sayings)
The season ends in May and Palace need another win to avoid the drop. ( the future for fixed events)
He will be so relieved once the season finishes. ( the future in time clauses)
 

Emphatic present simple

He does like watching his team win. ( to emphasize strong feeling )

Palace might not be the best team but they are the most unpredictable. ( to emphasize contrast)

There is never a dull moment when you are a Crystal Palace supporter.

Words and Phrases often used with the present simple.

always/usually/ generally/ often/ sometimes/ rarely/ never/ whenever/ seldom/these days/ nowadays/ from time to time/most/ much of the time/every now and then/It’s/ that’s the last time.

Present Continous

At this moment Peter is still watching the television. ( actions happening now)

Other games are finishing and Peter is wondering what the results are. (actions happening around now)

He isn’t seeing the results because of the publicity break. (tempory situations and series of actions)

More and more money is being invested in football and smaller clubs are finding it difficult to compete.(changing and developing situations)

Crystal Palace are always trying to avoid relegation. (Annoying or amusing habits usually linked with always)

A small man goes into a pub, there is a tall man standing inside with a dog. The small man asks the tall man if his dog bites. The tall man says, that no, his dog doesn’t bite. The small man strokes the dog and the dog bites him. The small man then says to the tall man that I thought he said that his dog didn’t bite. The tall man says that he did say that and that his dog doesn’t bite and that the dog that is standing next to him is not his.

background information in jokes and informal stories and anecdotes)

Who are Palace playing next week? (the future for arrangements)

Peter will probably be a bit stressed when he is watching the game next week.  ( the future in time clauses)

Words and phrases associated with the present continuous.
currently/ at the moment/ for the time being/ now/right now/ for now/ today/this week/at present/that’s/it’s the last time.)
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Vocabulario

2/Vocabulary Practice

Preference and leisure activity
  • absorbing
  • adore
  • appeal
  • aspiration
  • content
  • craving
  • dedicated
  • delight
  • desire
  • devote
  • envy
  • exhilarating
  • fancy
  • fascination
  • favour
  • inclined
  • indulge
  • lifestyle
  • liking
  • motivated
  • obsessed
  • passion
  • pass time
  • pursue
  • proclivity
  • recreation
  • resolve
  • sedentary
  • socialise
  • strive
  • taste
  • urge
  • tedious
  • trivial
  • unwind
  • welcome
  • yearn

PHRASAL VERBS

  • to get into
  • to grow on
  • to warm to
  • go off
  • hang around
  • to keep up with
  • mess about
  • centre on
  • to go along
  • take out
  • to chill out
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Gramática

Present simple and Present continuous

 

Present Simple

 

We use the present simple or simple present for:

  1. repeated actions:

 

I always get up at eight o’clock sharp.

He never remembers people’s names.

They often come for Sunday lunch.

 

  1. sequence of actions in the present:

 

I get up, shower, have breakfast, and brush my teeth.

They wash her hair, trim it, and blow dry it.

He mows the lawn, trims the bushes, and rakes the dead leaves.

 

  1. things in general

The sun sets in the west.

The birds migrate in the winter.

Squirrels hibernate around September or October.

 

We use the following signal words with the present simple:

  1. every day = each day, daily.

I go to work every day.

 

  1. sometimes = occasionally.

Sometimes he likes to cook.

 

  1. always = at all times.

The sun always rises in the east.

 

  1. often = frequently.

How often do you clean the house?

 

  1. usually = under normal conditions.

He usually arrives home about 7pm.

 

  1. seldom = not often.

He was seldom absent at school.

 

  1. never = not ever.

I will never forget this day!

 

  1. first…then.

First he walks the down, then he cooks dinner.



Present continuous.

We use this tense for an action happening at the moment of speaking. The present continuous is also called present progressive.

 

We use the following signal words with the present continuous.

 

  1. now = at the present time or moment.

Are they rehearsing for the play now?

 

  1.  at the moment = at the present time

He’s unavailable at the moment.

 

  1.  Look!

Look! It’s hailing!

 

  1.  Listen!

Listen! This is my favourite song of all times!

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Preguntas y repuestas

Questions and Answers

Can you get into this kind of music?

I haven’t got the time at the moment.

 

Do you think it will grow on you?

I doubt it, it just doesn’t turn me on.

 

Could you warm to her company?

Yes I could, she is very personable.

 

Do the Spanish have a proclivity for hard work?

You would have to ask them that.

 

What about he French?

I don’t think you can generalise.

 

Are you ever serious?

I do tend to mess around a lot.

 

Do you attend church?

I used to go along there, when I was young.

 

Did you take Susan out the other day?

I did, how did you know?

 

Would you say that you strived for better things?

I certainly have the urge but I don’t really strive.

 

Are Crystal Palace as good as they say?

That depends on who they are.

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Pronunciación

Hi, let’s discover some consonant sounds together. ba ,pinch your lips together then open your lips to release the air, you are blocking with this sound you can’t really fill the air, if you place your hand in front of your mouth.
 
Let’s repeat ba, book, zebra, or zebra, bag, rebel, Gibbon, berry, bowl.

Now test time, how would you pronounce these words?

The answer is, boil ,cabbage, bright.
 
That’s it for today see you soon.
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Pruebas

Abajo, tenéis 3 tipos de pruebas del curso de inglés online:

  1. -un video de comprensión interacivo en el que tienes que elegir la respuesta correcta con True or false (correcto o falso)
  2. – un ejercicio de práctica del vocabulario del texto escuchado en el que tienes que arrastrar y soltar la palabra que has elegido de la lista y pegarla en el buen sitio.
  3. – ejercicio de gramática en el que tienes que rellenar los cuadros vacíos con las respuestas correctas.

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