Is that a grammar book that you are reading?
Yes, I am reading about adjectives. Adjectives describe things. They generally come in front of nouns.
They have one form and do not change for singular and plural or before masculine and feminine nouns.
Adjectives, respect a certain hierarchy. The order in which they appear is not random
Where it comes from.
What it is made of.
What it is for.
That’s quite interesting.
Thanks Susan for booking the Spanish holiday, it seems really interesting.
You’re becoming easier to please. It is getting hot in Alicante and it is only May.
I’m not awake yet, I’m still half asleep. I was doing the packing until two o’clock this morning.
You look a bit tired. You appear to be half asleep.
I see that we are going to stay at the well-known resort of Javea.
It is an interesting small not too old resort.
It has a typical hot Mediterranean sandy seafront.
It has a beach that is very hot but in summer it is extremely hot.
It sounds very superb. I am only joking. I know there are some adjectives you can not grade.
Although you can intensify them. It sounds really superb.
I am sure it will be absolutely wonderful.
I hear that there is a famous big old round gothic marble wishing well in the town.
If there is something that is interesting you will know about it, Susan.
I am never surprised or bored by your general knowledge.
When we are about to take off don’t be frightened.
I won’t be, I find flying exhilarating.
What is the general order of adjectives?
the general order of adjectives before a noun or noun group is the following:
determiner + observation + physical description (size, shape, age, colour) + origin + material + qualifier + NOUN
a beautiful old red Italian racing car
an expensive big antique gold mirror
that delicious traditional Thai recipe
Several tall young American football players
opinion – furthest to the noun = attitude, observations: lovely, nice, delicious, difficult…
size = size, height: huge, big, small, tiny, little…
shape = shape, weight, length: square, round, long, fat, oval, flat…
condition = condition, state: rich, hungry, clean, wet…
age = how old is it?: new, old, antique, young, modern…
colour = approximate colour, colour: purple, blue, reddish, golden, green, white…
pattern = design, pattern: flower, zigzag, checked, stripy…
origin = where is it from?: British, American, French, Thai, Chinese…
material = what is it made of?: gold, wooden, plastic, synthetic, cotton, cardboard, paper…
purpose – closest to the noun = what is it used for?: riding, shopping, gardening, frying, dining, sleeping…
Before adjectives we would also have a determiner, generally speaking: a, an, the, this, those, her, your, my, our, some…
What is that old red book you are reading?
It’s a highly entertaining novel.
What is that new Spanish restaurant like?
It has warm welcoming atmosphere.
Are the beaches hot and sandy?
Yes, and they are clean and not too crowded.
Was your holiday absolutely wonderful?
It could not have been better, thank you.
Is that the big famous gothic monument everybody goes on about?
Yes, except for it’s early renaissance.
How do you find flying?
I find flying exhilarating.
Your not easy to please, are you?
It depends what you mean by easy.
Is it my imagination or is it very hot?
No, you are right it is extremely hot.
Isn’t that book good?
Good? I think it is riveting.
Are you flying with easyjet?
I don’t know what is easy about them.
let’s repeat ah, father, arm, shark. Here are some more examples arch heart laugh, half.