lección 55

Diálogo

1/Sentence Practice

John has arrived home and he is now in the living room contemplating where to go on holiday.

It has just occurred to him how funny the English language is sometimes.

His realisation has been sparked by him brushing up on his French grammar.

In particular how a noun is often used as an adjective.

He has been looking out the living room window. The first noun does not have a plural, this is called a compound noun.

Where’s the window? It is in the living room:

What is the screen on the wall? It is  is part of the television hence the television screen?

What does a coffee pot contain? It is a pot to put coffee in.

What type of belt do I wear? I wear a trouser belt to keep my trousers up.

What is a bottle opener for.I am thirsty and I would like a glass of sparkling water. How do I open the bottle?

His wife Susan enters and says “A penny for your thoughts dear”.

I was studying French and it occurred to me that compound nouns in English are always in the singular.

Not always dear. This is English. For every rule in English, there are exceptions.

If a word is always in the plural then it will be in the compound noun, Clothespeg. It’s not clothpeg,

Don’t forget that short nouns are stuck together; teapot, some are separated with hyphens busstop.

Some are just written side by side. I will get you a bottle opener for your sparkling water.

We use the s as an apostrophe if one thing belongs to another. John’s chair and Susan’s cup.

Let’s discuss John’s holiday.

 
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Vocabulario

2/Vocabulary Practice

  • Compound nouns
  • to contemplate
  • It has just occurred to him
  • how funny
  • sometimes.
  • the realisation
  • sparked off by
  • to brush up
  • French grammar
  • In particular
  • how a noun is often used as an adjective
  • looking out the
  • window.
  • The first noun does not have a plural this is called a compound noun.
  •  the living room:
  •  hence
  • the television screen?
  •  coffee pot
  • to contain
  • What type of ?
  • trouser belt
  • to keep up.
  •  bottle opener
  •  sparkling water.
  • “A penny for your thoughts dear”
  • it occurred to me
  • Not always
  •  for every rule, there is an exception.
  • Cloathespeg.
  • to stick together
  •  teapot
  •  hyphen
  •  bus-stop.
  • side by side.
  • an apostrophe
  • to belong to another
  • John’s chair
  • Susan’s cup.
  • Let’s discuss
  • John’s holiday.
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Gramática

Compound Nouns

Compound nouns can be

1/ joined

a tooth + brush = toothbrush

housekeeper

a showcase

a bookmark

a football

 

2/ separated

post + office = the post office

ice cream

music box

dining room

 

3/ hyphenated

water + bottle = water-bottle

mother-in-law

runner-up

great-grandmother



Some nouns can consist of more than one word. These are called compound nouns. Compound nouns can be formed in a variety of ways.

 

Do remember that a gerund is the -ing form of a verb used as a noun. It is a noun, i.e. swimming is fun!

 

1/ noun + noun (The most common way is to put two nouns together)

football

eggplant

armchair

fireman

bathroom

seafood

skydiving

airport

swimmingpool

washing machine

driving licence

rocking chair

 

2/ adjective + noun

software

redwood

drycleaning

greenhouse

blackbird

whiteboard

 

3/ adverb or preposition (prefix)+ noun

upstairs

downstairs

underground

 

4/ noun + verb

rainfall

haircut

 

5/ verb + adverb or particle

drawback

giveaway

checkout

 

6/ preposition + verb

output

underwear

outsource

income

bypass

 

7/ three word compounds

washing-up liquid

father-in-law

bird of prey

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Preguntas y repuestas

Questions and Answers

Is that coffee pot new?

No, I got it a year ago?

 

How big is that television screen?

55 or 60, I’m not sure.

 

Do you need a trouser belt?

Yes, can you pass me one?

 

Was that John waiting at the bus-stop?

Sorry, I wasn’t paying attention.

 

Where are you?

I am in the bedroom.

 

Would you like a glass of something?

Yes I would, I will get the bottle opener.

 

Can I have that cup?

No, it is Sara’s cup.

 

Who does this chair belong to?

It’s John’s chair.

 

Did it ever occur to you that I might be tired?

It did occur to me, so we are going home.

 

Is there anything you would like to do in particular?

No, I’m happy just looking out the window.

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Pronunciación

Hi,  let’s discover some consonant sounds together sh, this is voiceless so expulse air. Your mouth is slightly rounded, your tongue is upwards towards your palate, sh, ocean, fish, international,
machine, shallow, Russia, ashes.
let’s repeat
sh, ocean, fish, international,
machine, shallow, Russia, ashes.
 

Now test time, how would you pronounce these words?

The answer is; sugar, fashion, delicious.
That’s it for today see you soon.
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Exercises Lesson 55

Comprehension Practice

Vocabulary Practice

Grammar Practice

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