FCE Course Lesson 35 – B2 first listening
Let’s review some of the main figures of speech for FCE Cambridge B1 / 2: Using a euphemism is when we use a soft or indirect way of saying something: that is, “letting someone go” sounds less severe than “firing someone” … Using a Hyperbole this is when we exaggerate something to emphasise it: that is, I have explained this a thousand times before … The use of irony is when there is a contrast between what is said and what it really means: that is, wonderful! (when we want to say the opposite) … Using Metaphor is when we use 2 elements to express a similarity and paint an image: that is, time is money, a heart of stone … The use of onomatopoeia is when we use the sound of something when we describe it: click, oink … The use of personification is when we refer to an object or something as if it were a person: the wind howled, the snowflakes danced … The use of understatement or litotes is when we minimise something, that is, it is a simple blow (when we have hurt ourselves a lot), now it is a bit cooler (when in reality it is freezing outside).
Dialogue 35: Drinking age
18 year old Emma Chandler believes the drinking age should be lowered to 18 years old, whereas Beth Wilson, a spokesperson on behalf of the International Drunk Driving Prevention Association (IDDPA) is against this, thinking that the drinking age should stay at 21.
EMMA: For the past 6 months I have been living in Spain. A)____________________________
BETH: For me, there are a lot of reasons why the drinking age in America shouldn’t be lowered. There are so many potential dangers of drinking, which are intensified when a person is young and therefore more irresponsible and immature.
EMMA: I disagree that immaturity is immediately connected with youth. You can’t just make generalisations. There are mature young people and immature old people.
BETH: I see your point. C)____________________________
EMMA: I understand that there are dangers, however I completely disagree when it comes to the idea of drinking in excess. Whether you want to accept it or not, young people are drinking in America regardless of the legality of what they are doing. Can you not see that ‘binge drinking’ is caused by a lack of knowledge about alcohol. I mean, kids these days are constantly being told in the USA that they aren’t allowed to drink, surely the idea of it being forbidden makes us want it more. E)____________________________
BETH: You can’t forget that there is a reason why the drinking age was put as 21 in the first place, with teenagers going through troubles these days such as bullying and coming to terms with who they are in terms of sexuality, beliefs and appearance, alcohol can act as a saviour to them. F)____________________________
EMMA: Let’s be honest, they would be able to turn to drink no matter what. If they have a fake ID, there is bound to be one shop who will accept this and serve them alcohol. I just don’t see why we don’t give teenagers the responsibility they deserve. Yes, drinking can be dangerous but with good education from teachers and parents who can teach the importance of drinking in moderation, drinking can be a fun, legal, social activity. G)____________________________
BETH: I take all of your points on board, if the age limit was lowered, I think it would have to come with the condition of a promise from the government to create tons of campaigns regarding drinking in moderation and the dangers of drinking, especially drunk driving.
Vocabulary b2 first listening Skills 5
|ENGLISH||SYNONYM or DEFINITION|
|drinking age||legally old enough to drink alcohol|
|consumption||the act of consuming, usage amount|
|to lower||to reduce|
|to intensify||to become more intense|
|drunk driving||driving while intoxicated|
|binge drinking||intermittent excessive alcohol consumption|
|carelessly||without concern or forethought|
Exam tips First Listening Skills 5
EXAM TIP FOR First Listening Skills 5
For the b2 first listening use Figures of speech that enable us to say things less literally. Identifying and using a variety of figures of speech will help you understand people’s opinions in the listening and reading passages, but will also enable you to improve your written and spoken English.
Let’s go over some of the main figures of speech:
- Using a Euphemism is when we use a mild or indirect way of saying something: i.e. “to let someone go” sounds less harsh than “to fire someone”…
- Using a Hyperbole this is when we exaggerate something to emphasise it: i.e. I have explained this to him a thousand times before…
- Using Irony is when there is a contrast between what is said and what is actually meant: i.e. Wonderful! (when we mean the opposite)…
- Using Metaphor is when we use 2 elements to express a similitude and paint a picture: i.e. time is money, a heart of stone…
- Using Onomatopoeia is when we use the sound of something when describing it: i.e. click, oink…
- Using Personification is when we refer to an object or something as if it were a person: i.e. the wind howled, snowflakes danced…
- Using Understatement or litotes is when we play something down: i.e. it is a mere bruise (when we have actually hurt ourselves quite badly), it is a bit cooler now (when it is actually freezing outside).
Grammar and vocabulary recommended videos for the first
Exercises First Listening Skills 5
First Reading and Use of English b2 first listening
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