Lesson 32 – Birthday Party – The Possessives

LEVEL A2 – PRE-INTERMEDIATE: BIRTHDAY PARTY

 


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IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).


 

VOCABULARY

 

 

  • To have prepared everything
  • Waiting expectantly
  • They have decorated their flat
  • They have also bought
  • Waiting to be enjoyed
  • Our flat looks amazing
  • We really outdid ourselves
  • To be very impressed
  • All dressed up
  • It’s my birthday
  • To get dressed up
  • To get defensive
  • I just meant that
  • Fancy clothing
  • It is not usual
  • She’ll definitely notice
  • Don’t change the subject
  • Just admit that
  • She has her moments
  • A bit high-maintenance
  • To cope with that
  • She makes a fuss
  • Her appearance
  • Makeup and hairspray
  • She’s quite a lovely girl
  • This is my party
  • Exercising my veto
  • To have a good time
  • Have a drink
  • Have a dance
  • Have more drink
  • Pass out
  • One last thing
  • You should go for it
  • People will be arriving soon
  • I think I should
  • There’s plenty
  • I’m warning you!

 

LESSON 32 DIALOGUE

 

– Birthday Party –

 

 

Learn English – Lesson 32 – Birthday Party

John and Michael have prepared everything for the party and are now waiting expectantly for their guests to arrive. They have decorated their flat to look very glamorous and thematic. They have also bought some expensive champagne that is chilling and waiting to be enjoyed.

John: My word! Our flat looks amazing, we really outdid ourselves, Michael. I think the girls are going to be very impressed. And look at you all dressed up. I think Sophie will be impressed…

Michael: Sophie? What? It’s my birthday. Of course I am going to get dressed up!

John: There’s no need to get defensive. I just meant that Sophie likes all that fancy clothing. It is not usual for you to look so sharp. She’ll definitely notice!

Michael: Are you sure we have enough dip?

John: Don’t change the subject… Just admit that you like her!

Michael: Who?

John: Who? Helen of Troy! You bloody well know who, Sophie!

Michael: Okay, I admit she has her moments but she can be a bit high-maintenance at times. I don’t think I could cope with that!

John: Well, you don’t know unless you try. Sure, she makes a fuss about her appearance all the time, but I think behind all that make-up and hairspray she’s quite a lovely girl.

Michael: Okay, this is my party so I’m exercising my veto on all discussions relating to Sophie and I. I just want to have a good time, have a drink, have a dance, have more drink, then pass out.

John: Okay, Okay… Just one last thing… You should go for it!

Michael: Enough! People will be arriving soon. I think I should go and buy some more dip.

John: There’s plenty of dip. Relax! What music shall we start the party with? Perhaps something Sophie likes?

Michael: I’m warning you!

Facts: ”Happy Birthday to You” is the most recognised song in the English language. The melody of “Happy Birthday to You” comes from the song “Good Morning to All”.

 

COMPREHENSION QUIZZES (3 TO COMPLETE)

 

Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

 

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

 

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 

 

GRAMMAR PRACTICE – THE POSSESSIVES

 

Possessives are a grammatical category whose name indicates the possessor of the object in question.

 

Possessives Adjectives


MY

YOUR

HIS

HER

ITS 

OUR

YOUR

THEIR

 

Examples:

My house is near.

Our car is red.

My mother is rich. 

Your nephew is very modern.

 

You may be confused at one point by the uses of his, her, its and their, since all of them are possessive of third person (his, their) but are distinguished by features like:

HIS

When the possessor is masculine.

-John has a book. It’s his book. 

HER

When the possessor is female.

-Sophie has a book. It’s her book. 

ITS

When the possessor is not human.

-Canterbury is famours for its cathedral. 

THEIR

When it is more than one possessor. These possessors can be both human and non-human.

-They have a book. It’s their book. 

 

One difference that you will notice is that in English possessives are much more often used than in other languages, like for example Spanish, especially with body parts and clothing.

Examples:

I wash my hands. 

Close your eyes. 

Open your book. 

Give me your coat, please.

 

Possessive Pronouns


We have analyzed accurately the possessive adjectives, now let’s see the pronouns:

MINE 

YOURS 

HIS 

HERS 

OURS 

THEIRS 

 

Examples:

It’s my hat. → It’s mine.

It’s your hat. → It’s yours

It’s his hat. → It’s his. 

It’s her hat. → It’s hers

It’s our hat. → It’s ours

It’s their hat. → It’s theirs.

 

Remember that possessive pronouns are not accompanied by nouns (that is why they are pronouns) nor is it correct to put them before the. It would not be correct, for example, to say the mine, the yours, etc. However, what is common in English is to put before them the preposition of when we want to point out a friendship relationship.

John is a friend of mine but Laura is a friend of his.

To ask who owns an object, we use the interrogative pronoun WHOSE (of whom) which is accompanied by the verb to be.

Examples:

Whose laptop is this? 

– It’s mine. 

 

Whose pen is this? 

-It’s yours. 

 

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE

 

  • Related Pronunciation Video Lesson and interactive exercise(s):

 

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