Lesson 25 – The Playwright – Reported Speech

LEVEL A2 – THE PLAYWRIGHT

 


THERE IS AN OPTION FOR YOU TO TRANSLATE ALL THE TEXT

IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).


 

VOCABULARY

 

 

  • How are things going?
  • They are going very well
  • Has found her calling
  • Exhilarating
  • Spare room
  • To write scripts
  • Natural talent
  • She prefers acting
  • What is her latest play like?
  • She has been visiting…
  • Reading a lot of plays
  • People like that
  • Do you think…?
  • She will be inclined to…
  • To copy their style
  • She was worried
  • Inspiration
  • Performance
  • An eclectic range of materials
  • One style of writing
  • I’m so glad
  • There are too many…
  • To copy
  • Old stories
  • Uniqueness
  • To keep up
  • Modern theatre
  • It is difficult
  • Original ideas
  • Contemporary
  • Relevant
  • Her new play

LESSON 25 DIALOGUE 

 

-The Playwright-

 

 

Lesson 25 – The Playwright

David: How are things going with your drama group?

Karen: They are going very well. I think Polly has found her calling. She said that she has never done anything so exhilarating.

David: Yes, Jeff said that she’s turned the spare room into an office. He said that she has started writing scripts.

Karen: She has a natural talent for the writing but I think she prefers acting more.

David: What is her latest play like?

Karen: It’s very good. She’s been visiting the theatre a lot and reading a lot of plays, William Shakespeare, Harold Pinter, people like that.

David: That’s great! But do you think that she will be inclined to copy their style?

Karen: She said that she was worried about that herself. She looks to other actors for inspiration with her performance but she is also reading an eclectic range of materials so that she doesn’t get locked into one style of writing.

David: I’m so glad. There are too many writers out there that copy old stories and styles. They have no uniqueness to them.

Karen: I said to Polly that she should keep up with modern theatre. Although it is difficult to find authors that have original ideas, they do exist and it keeps the material contemporary and relevant to the time.

David: I am looking forward to seeing her new play.

Karen: Me too.

 

COMPREHENSION QUIZZES (3 to complete)

 

Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

 

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

 

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 

GRAMMAR PRACTICE: REPORTED SPEECH

 

 

In English, there are two forms to express what other people say: active form and reported speech.

The Reported Speech is when we reproduce the words, thoughts, etc, of the people, we can say the right words (more or less) they were said or we imagine they were thoughts:

 

Examples:

He said “I will to be late for the game” and left.

I thought “Shall I have another drink?”.

Reported speech does not appear in quotation marks and does not have to be expressed word by word. We can pick up words or ideas from someone for our sentence, using conjunctions and changing pronouns, times and other words in the necessary place.

 

Examples:

He said that he would to be late for the game and left.

I wondered if I should get another drink.

It is important to know that modal verbs (will, can, must, shall, may) also change, taking their past form (would, could, had to, should, might). This also means that would, could, should, might and ought to do not change the forms when they are expressed. The words that are said or thought of in a place by a person can be emitted in another place, at a different time, and perhaps by another person. Because of this, there are often grammatical differences between active form and reported speech:

 

Examples:

Sarah (On Friday night): I don’t like this filmI want to leave.

Jeff (On Sunday afternoon):  She said that she didn’t like the film, and she wanted to leave.

Words like here, this, now, today, next, last, yesterday, tomorrow can also be modified or omitted with the change of time and place. These are called “Here and Now” words.

 

“We’ll be there tomorrow”.

They promised to be there the next day. 

“I’ll meet you here”.

He said he’d meet me there. 

A time change also can be a change in the verb

 

don’t like this film”  –>  She said that she didn’t like the film

(Not: She said that she don’t like the film.)

Is also common to delete that in an informal style:

 

She said (that) she didn’t like the film.

I knew (that) she wanted to go home.

A common mistake when we use reported speech, is that we don’t correct the sentences. If the introductory verb is in the past, the times used are usually changed.

 

Don’t –> Didn’t

Is –>Was

Am –> Was

Can –>  Could

Will –> Would

Have been –> Had been

 

She said that she is looking for a new dress.

Becomes

She said that she was looking for a new dress

He told me he will call yesterday.

Becomes

He told me he would call yesterday

 

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE 

 

 

 

BACK TO A2 COURSE INDEX         –       NEXT LESSON HERE

 

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