Lesson 22 – London – Interrogative and negative forms

LEVEL A2: LONDON

 


THERE IS AN OPTION FOR YOU TO TRANSLATE ALL THE TEXT

IN YOUR LANGUAGE (Top right > Select language > Click on the flags).


VOCABULARY 

 

 

    • Why do…?
    • London Plane tree
    • To shed its bark
    • Many think it is because…
    • Environmental
    • Survival
    • Strategy
    • It is suggested…
    • May prevent
    • Fungi
    • Parasites
    • They thrive well
    • Pollution
    • To affect them
    • Have you ever been to…?
    • I went to…
    • I didn’t enjoy it.
    • Why didn’t you..?
    • It was too fast-paced.
    • Everyone seemed…
    • To be in a rush
    • Slow pace
    • Countryside
    • Don’t let my opinion…
    • To put you off
    • Plenty to see and do
    • I’ve been looking…
    • The internet
    • Interesting places
    • A list of hotels
    • Not too expensive
    • I travelled there…
    • It was really helpful.
    • Of course I can!
    • I’ll send it to you.

LESSON 22 DIALOGUE 

– London –

 

 

Lesson 22 – London

David: Why do London Planes shed its bark?

Jeff: Many think it is because of an environmental survival strategy.

David: What does that mean?

Jeff: It is suggested that shedding the bark may prevent fungi, parasites etc. They thrive well in cities like New York and London because they shed before the pollution can affect them.

David: Have you ever been to New York or London?

Jeff: I went to London once but I didn’t enjoy it.

David: Why didn’t you enjoy it?

Jeff: Because it was too fast-paced for me. Everyone seemed in a rush all the time. I prefer the slow pace of the countryside.

David: I was thinking of visiting London. Just for one week.

Jeff: Don’t let my opinion put you off going! Many people really love the city and there is certainly plenty to see and do.

David: I’ve been looking on the internet for interesting places to visit, to eat, and to stay.

Jeff: My friend emailed me a list of hotels and venues that were not too expensive before I travelled there. It was really helpful.

David: Can you forward that email to me?

Jeff: Of course I can! I’ll send it to you this evening!

Facts: Trees have been and continue to be vital to our evolution, providing oxygen, food, materials such as paper and rubber. They gave us wood to build ships and increase industry.

 

 

COMPREHENSION QUIZZES (3 to complete)

 

Interactive Video Comprehension Quiz 1

 

Summary Statements Comprehension Quiz 2

 

Drag and Drop Quiz 3: 

GRAMMAR PRACTICE: INTERROGATIVE AND NEGATIVE FORMS

 

 

The construction of negatives and interrogatives can be very difficult because they use very specific auxiliary verbs and sometimes the order of words changes.

Negative forms

Am Am not / ‘m not. Eg: I’m not happy
Are Are not / ‘re not / Aren’t. Eg: We’re not together / We aren’t together
Is Is not / ‘s not / Isn´t. Eg: He’s not stupid / He isn’t stupid
Have Have not / Haven’t. Eg: I haven’t got a car
Has Has not / Hasn’t. Eg: She hasn’t got a pen
Was Was not / Wasn’t. Eg: It wasn’t fair
Were Were not / Weren´t. Eg: They weren´t at the beach
Can Cannot / Can´t. Eg: You can’t swim
Could Could not / Couldn’t. Eg:  I couldn’t get up early
Will Will not / won’t. Eg: I won’t decide tomorrow
Must Must not / Mustn’t. Eg: They musnt go to the party
Should Should not / Shouldn’t. Eg: You shouldn’t smoke

Interrogative form 

When we form an imperative in a negative form, we use the auxiliar Don’t.

Affirmative form Negative form
Go! Don’t go!

Interrogative form

Interrogative phrases imply a change in the elements of the sentences. Auxiliary verbs are always placed in front of the subject.

 

Examples:

You are speaking.

Are you speaking?

He is a teacher.

Is he a teacher?

You were clever.

Were you clever?

We have worked.

Have we worked?

Jeff has come.

Has Jeff come?

Polly can drive a car.

Can Polly drive a car?

You should study.

Should you study?

When we use the Present Simple, the auxiliar verbs are always located before the subject.

 

Examples:

Do you speak English?

Does she speak English?

With Past Simple, the auxiliar is Did:

 

Example:

Did you wash the dishes?

Why?

We use the interrogative pronoun Why to ask about the cause of the matter.

 

Examples:

Why do you study engineering?

Why did she move to Boston?

Why isn’t she here?

Why can’t Jeff come?

Why didn’t you confess the truth?

To answer the question with Why, we use Because.

 

Examples:

Why isn’t she here?

Because she is ill.

Why can’t Jeff come?

Because he is busy.

PRONUNCIATION PRACTICE

 

 

 

BACK TO A2 COURSE INDEX         –       NEXT LESSON HERE

 

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